Gen Singh pointed, many of the societies here have their own customary laws and traditional
dispute redressal systems. Although the area is under a common High Court, the variations
in the actual access to justice from one place to another are striking. Judicial
consciousness has slowly started making its in-roads in this part and people have
now started approaching the formal judicial mechanisms for civil or criminal redressal.
However, the access of the common people of this area to this formal system is still
very limited due to geographical, social and financial constraints, he added.
Impressed with the multi-pronged approach suggested by the Chief Justice of India
for ensuring access to justice to the residents of this beautiful yet remote part
of the country, which includes sensitization of Judicial officers regarding the particular
challenges faced by the people from the North East, since it would help in ensuring
speedy and efficacious justice, Gen Singh said, many areas of the North East are
governed by the 6th schedule of the Constitution and the separation of Judiciary
from the executive is still under process, which is particularly true of Arunachal
Pradesh. Stating that the presence of the President of India in the conference is
a testimony of the high importance that she attaches to ensuring justice and socio-economic
equality for all, Governor hoped that at the end of the two day conference, it will
be able to come up with a road-map on how to promote and improve access to justice
and socio-economic programmes to the people of this North Eastern Region.
He suggested that the proceedings of the conference be documented and be shared with
the widest possible audience of opinion makers and intellectuals so that the ultimate
output draws on the experience of all who can contribute towards this noble venture.
PRO, Raj Bhawan.
BJP ASM elected chairperson of Ruksin Anchal block
ITANAGAR, Apr 17: BJP Anchal Samiti Member (ASM) Ozing Aje has been elected as
the chairperson of the Ruksin Anchal Block in East Siang district on April 16. The
re-election for the Anchal Chairperson of the block was necessitated as the former
chairperson Takin Taying of INC lost confidence of the house, informed state BJP
in a release today.
The Ruksin Anchal Samiti has a total of 10 ASMs. However, one seat remained vacant
following the death of a BJP ASM. BJP has currently five ASMs, Ind-2 and INC -2,
the party said.
According to a source, Aje, the new Anchal Chairperson resumed the charge. “I am
shouldering the responsibility to uplift the living status of our people. The development
activities under the Panchayat body must percolate down to the poor and rural people”
Meanwhile, district BJP, Mandal BJP committees and senior BJP leaders of the East
Siang district congratulated Aje for his new assignment.
NES general conference-cum-IIIrd Nyishi Day
ITANAGAR, Apr 17: The IXth General Conference-cum IIIrd Nyishi Day will begin at
Seijosa on April 19 with Chief Minister Dorjee Khandu and Chief Secretary Tabam
Bam gracing the inaugural occasion as chief guest and guest of honour respectively.
With this, the glorious tenure (2007-2010) of office of the Nyishi Elite Society
(NES) executive body led by Bengia Tolum comes to an end. Election for new executive
body of the NES is scheduled on April 21.
The programme includes cultural display from Arunachal and ethnic tribes of Assam
in the form of Cultural Exchange Programme to boost understanding, communal harmony
and peaceful co-existence.
A host of dignitaries including Ministers Tako Dabi, Jarbom Gamlin, MP Takam Sanjoy,
Irrigation, Soil Conservation & Fisheries Minister of Assam, Nurjamal Sarkar, all
the Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries and MLAs of Nyishi community, political
leaders, members of Nyishi Social Organisations, officers, businessmen etc., besides
the society leaders from other communities from state and Assam are attending the
The first-ever Nyishi Day was celebrated on April 19, 2008 at I G Park to commemorate
the historic replacement of nomenclature from Dafla to Nyishi with Amendment of the
Some of the achievements of the present tenure of the NES includes introduction
of Nyishi language as third language, first ever Social Interactive and Academic
Awareness tour to Nyishi dominated districts.
Meanwhile, the People of Joram area have decided to celebrate 3rd Nyishi day on 19th
April at Joram town. Er. Joram Nagu and Er. Nich Apa will grace the day as chief
guest and guest of honor respectively.
Training prog under RMSA held
ITANAGAR, Apr 17: An orientation cum training programme of the co-ordinators, BRCC,
ADEO and CRCC of Papum Pare district under Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
was conducted at Naharlagun today.
The programme was chaired by DAEO cum DDSE in-chrage T T Tara. Resource persons and
state co-ordinator of RMSA K K Pandey and district programme co-ordinator G Tatang
imparted the training and highlighted the programmes to be taken up for universalization
of the secondary education in the district. Under the RMSA, the endeavour would
be made to ensure quality education to all, the DDSE said and urged the functionaries
concerned to shoulder their responsibilities for successful implementation of the
District Programme Coordinator Gollo Tatang briefed on the aim and objectives of
the programme and work progress under the RMSA in the district.
RGUSU conducts social service in Naharlagun GH
ITANAGAR, Apr 17: More than 65 students of the Rajiv Gandhi University has conducted
social service in the premises of the General Hospital (GH), Naharlagun today. It
was the last day of three days societal programme being organized by the Rajiv Gandhi
University Students Union.
Chief Medical Officer Dr. Moji Jini and Superintendent Dr. Raina also attended the
The students including female cleaned up the drains, and other dirty items around
the hospital making the surrounding of the Hospital hygienic.
Later the RGUSU president Tayuk Sonam and General Secretary Lingdum Taha interacted
with the patients and their attendees. They also appealed the health authorities
and state Govt to provide basic facilities to the patients.
Visions responsible for changing India
India as a nation has made decent progress during the last 60 years. In this regard,
it is not out of place to mention that as a country we have produced world-class
scientists, engineers, journalists, soldiers, bureaucrats, politicians and doctors.
In addition to this, we have built complex bridges, hydroelectric /thermal / nuclear
power stations and mega size refineries apart from sophisticated IT industries across
the country. Further, we have also succeeded in launching satellites and rockets
into the space which speaks our maturity in the space technology. We have also been
successful in producing committed and competent professionals and today all these
professionals have changed the face of the country. All this together have proved
that there is an increase in the average life expectancy from 32 to 65 years. We
have also succeeded in building 20 lac kilometers of new roads. Our steel production
is multiplied over 50 times and the cement production is almost 20 times with respect
to the year of independence. Our exports have gone up from few million dollars to
more than 125 billion dollars now.
Apart from the above which reflects the success story of the country, a whopping
350 millions Indians are illiterate, 260 million people are still below poverty line,
150 million people lack access to drinking water, 650 million people lack decent
sanitation and 50% of the our children are below acceptable nutrition levels. Further
to above, basic medicines are unavailable in 75% of India’s villages.
Apart from what is still to be achieved by us in the country, I want to bring to
your focus the few major achievements that have been accomplished since independence,
transforming the lives of our people in a way we never imagined but has happened.
All this has happened not by accident but due to the vision which some of our eminent
professionals carried and persuaded relentlessly. Some of the focused visions responsible
for change in the country are as below.
Perhaps no other Indian initiative has enhanced a national confidence as much as
the green revolution initiated by Dr M. S. Swaminathan. This revolution, which started
in 1965, not only transformed India into a food surplus economy from a food deficit
economy but also triggered the expansion of the rural, non farm economy. The lives
of atleast 400 to 500 million Indian have been uplifted due to this initiative. From
being a perennial importer of grains, India become a net exporter of food grains
10 years ago.
Coming from a generation which experienced an acute shortage of milk, it is unimaginable
that, today, we have become the largest producer of milk in the world. The credit
goes to the extra ordinary vision of Dr Varghese Kurien, continued ably by Amrita
Patel. In a nation where millions of children are malnourished, such a abundance
of milk has offered the opportunity to fight malnutrition.
THE ECONOMIC REFORMS OF 1991
The economic reforms of 1991, initiated by the late Hon’ble Prime Minister P. V.
Narashima Rao and further carried on by the successive Prime Ministers of the country,
opened up the minds of the corporate leaders to the power of global markets, helped
them accept competition at home and abroad, and raised the confidence of the consumers.
Our hard currency reserves have gone up from a mere 1.5 billion dollars in 1991 to
over 250 billion today. The reforms encouraged entrepreneurship, and gave confidence
to businessmen and entrepreneurs to dream big, create jobs, enhance exports, acquire
companies abroad and follow the finest principles of corporate governance.
INDEPENDENT MEDIA AND BRAVE JOURNALISTS
The success of a democracy depends upon certain important values of governance i.e.
fairness, transparency and accountability. The courage, enthusiasm and the zeal
to seek the truth demonstrated by scores of idealistic journalist and editors like
N. Ram, Arun Shourie, Shekhar Gupta, Sucheta Dalal, Barkha Dutt and Rajdeep Sardesai,
to mention just a few from the English press and TV, and the host of wonderful journalists
and mediapersons from regional languages, are what makes us feel confident that the
future of the country is safe.
No other technology has brought India i.e. the urban and rural together as the 500
line EPABX designed and implemented by the Centre for Development of Telematics (CDoT)
under the leadership of Sam Pitroda. This program brought fresh confidence to the
people as they could reach out to their loved ones, officials and doctors when they
needed to. People no longer feel that they live in isolation.
SPACE TECHNOLOGY AND SATELLITE
Prof. Yash Pal’s Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) blossomed into
a full scale television facility connecting millions of villages of India. This technology
has given voice to the opinions of a billion people i.e. the rich and the poor, the
educated and the uneducated, the powerful and the disenfranchised. ATOMIC ENERGY
Dr Homi Bhabha conceptualized the Indian nuclear program and initiated nuclear science
research in India. His program has made the successful utilization of nuclear energy
possible in defence, power generation, medicine and allied areas. Our peaceful use
of nuclear energy has raised India’s prestige as a mature and responsible player
in this field.
THE SOFTWARE REVOLUTION
N. Vittal’s software technology parks programme, along with the economic reforms
of 1991, laid the foundation for this industry’s spectacular progress. India’s IT
exports grew from a mere 150 million dollars in 1991-92 to 31.4 billion dollars in
2006-07 and is projected to reach 60 billion dollars by 2010. The IT industry is
unique on several counts. It focused on exports, bench marked with the best global
companies, followed the finest principles of corporate governance, created a large
number of jobs in the organized sector and demonstrated that Indians too could succeed
in the most competitive global markets.
The first Prime Minister of the country, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who took over the
reign of the country at the time when the country was looking for a developmental
model recognizing the needs of the common man in the country and side by side enveloping
the socio economic fabric/culture of the societies along with laying the path for
development. At this point of time, Panditji, brought in the first mega size Dam
to the country i.e. Bhakra Dam on river Satluj and today the same Bhakra Dam has
changed the lives of the millions of the people of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and
What do these visions as brought out above indicate?. They are all led by the visionaries.
These visionaries accepted the global bench marks and settled for nothing less despite
tremendous odds. In each of these initiatives the national government was a genuine
catalyst supported by the local governments and people. Now, what we should expect
from the country in year 2025 is a BLUE REVOLUTION and same is required to be planned
today. In this respect, I would like to remind the reality of Bhakra Dam as discussed
above and would like to say that if one such Dam has changed the scenario in the
four states of the country than imagine the level of prosperity and development after
couple of years from now when Dibang Multipurpose Project will be producing huge
quantum of hydropower i.e. Rs. 1227 Crore units per year along with moderation of
flood in the downstream reaches of the project. I have no doubt in conveying my friends
i.e. PAFs/locals/students that we should not ignore the truths of history and should
also not be myopic in visualizing the future for our children who are so young today
and also unaware of the toughness waiting for them as the world is becoming very
very competitive and affording the decent life style is becoming a challenge. I
feel happy when some of you react to my articles through local newspapers and express
your view point. Here I tell you that construction of a hydroelectric project is
a journey in which you have to come across many conflicting ideas/view points which
require lot of deliberations and understanding of the subject. Therefore, it is in
the best interest of the project that such conflicts are discussed across the table.
I invite any one of you or in groups if any conflicting views regarding the Dibang
project still exist in the minds of PAFs/locals/students. (The contributor if General
Manager, Dibang Multipurpose Project) (Concluded)
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)- a dream?
Dr D Padung
EUR scholar at Erasmus University, Netherlands.
While trying to find out the global health status, an article by Robert Beaglehole,
Ruth Bonita, Lancet 2008 is more than fitting to understand. The midpoint for achieving
the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the framework for health development globally
is a time to look at global progress in public health.
Health in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
Three of the eight goals, eight of the 16 targets, and 18 of the 48 indicators relate
directly to health. Health is also an important contributor to several of the other
goals indicating the mutually reinforcing framework to improve overall human development.
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Goal 5: Improve maternal health
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
The global public health
Global public health is the collective action we take worldwide for improving health
and health equity, aiming to bring the best available cost-effective and feasible
interventions to all populations and selected high-risk groups. Essential collective
actions for health improvement include disease prevention, health promotion, health
protection, and the provision of health care. The view is based on the actual disease
burden and has the potential to produce most equitable and sustainable health improvement.
However, the notions of charity, security, and, to a lesser extent, the development
focus of the MDGs have been the driving forces for recent progress in global public
health, especially for infectious diseases and child health.
The current status of global health status suggests that there is progress, but also
there are areas of concern. Substantial improvements are apparent, especially in
low-income and middle-income countries with low mortality, such as China. The convergence
between these countries and high-income countries is striking. So too, is the fact
that countries with high mortality have not achieved the health gains that are attainable.
Large and enduring inequalities in life expectancy within countries remain, even
within the wealthiest.
· Worldwide, life expectancy at birth in 2004 was 64·5 years, an increase of 9 years
over the past quarter century, despite notable reversals in Africa and some countries
of the former Soviet Union in the 1990s
· Health inequalities; people living in poor countries not only face lower life expectancies
than those in richer countries but also live more of their lives in poor health
· Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the framework for health
development, is variable; none of the goals will be reached by 2015 in sub-Saharan
· Large declines in mortality are projected for the main infectious diseases as well
as for maternal, perinatal, and nutritional causes; preparedness for epidemics of
infectious diseases is important
· The global burden of disease is now, and will continue to be, dominated by chronic
non-communicable diseases, including mental disorders and injuries
· Population ageing (partly a result of public health successes), urbanisation, globalisation
of risks, and global environmental changes drive the new public-health agenda
Gains in life expectancy result from two major trends: a substantial shift in the
distribution of deaths from younger to older ages, and the shift from communicable
diseases to chronic non-communicable diseases. This transition is driven primarily
by the ageing of populations, which in turn reflects public health successes in the
prevention and control of infectious diseases and child deaths.
The number of deaths in children aged less than 5 years will decline by 27% between
1990 - 2015, substantially less than the target of 67% set out in MDG 4.
Although maternal deaths make up only about 1% of all deaths, these 500000 deaths
each year are an indictment of public health. Increasing the coverage of key maternal,
newborn, and child health interventions, including access to family planning and
safe abortion services, is essential if MDGs 4 and 5 are to be reached. Mortality
is expected to decline between now and 2030 for all main infectious diseases, including
HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. Global deaths from HIV/AIDS are projected to
rise from 2·2 million in 2008 to a high of 2·4 million in 2012 and then to decline
to 1·2 million in 2030 under the assumption that coverage with antiretroviral drugs
continues to increase at current rates.
Ageing of populations will increase total chronic non-communicable disease deaths
substantially in all regions, even though age and sex-specific death rates are projected
to decline for most causes other than lung cancer. Although chronic non-communicable
diseases will make up over three-quarters of all deaths by 2030, the response to
them has not been commensurate with their health and economic burdens.
The unfinished agenda?
Recent encouraging trends in the control of infectious disease and reductions in
child mortality have been driven, in part, by the MDGs. Achievement of the three
health MDGs by the target date of 2015 represents the unfinished agenda of global
public health. Although progress is being made, for example, impressive poverty alleviation
in China (but not in India), it is variable and is threatened by new crises, involving
factors ranging from fuel to food; the number of people living in extreme poverty
in 2005 at the new level of US$1·25 a day, increased to 1·4 billion.
The improvement of progress with the MDGs is a major concern for global health. The
total annual cost of achieving the goals has been estimated at between $40 and $75
billion. There is widespread interest in ensuring that progress is expedited and
that increased financial aid is used effectively but the wealthiest countries are
reneging on their earlier commitments, reinforcing the perception of a continuing
inability to match words with actions.
The new agenda
The new agenda for global public health includes the rising burden of chronic non-communicable
diseases, global environmental changes, and the underlying socioeconomic determinants
Chronic non-communicable diseases
The low priority given to chronic non-communicable diseases at a global level is
striking because they are a major impediment to human development. Chronic non-communicable
diseases, including mental disorders and injuries, impose large health and economic
burdens on low-income and middle-income countries. Poverty is a potent cause of chronic
non-communicable diseases and these diseases contribute to poverty, especially where
out-of-pocket payments for health care are the norm.
This goal comes with a target: an additional 2% per year reduction in death rates
attributable to the major chronic diseases—heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes,
and chronic respiratory diseases. Achievement of this global goal would delay 36
million deaths by 2015 and, because most of these deaths would be in low-income and
middle-income countries and about half would be in people under the age of 70 years,
would have major economic benefits, extending productive life by about 15 years and
reducing the need for expensive health care. Benefits would accrue particularly in
low-income and middle-income countries where death rates in middle-aged people are
now higher than in high-income countries. Progress in all countries is threatened
by the obesity and diabetes pandemics and the efforts of multinational tobacco companies
to increase tobacco consumption in low-income and middle-income countries; a life-course
approach is needed.
Mental disorders and injuries
Mental disorders affect people across the life-course and cause a large burden of
disease: unipolar depressive disorders are the third leading contributor to the global
burden of disease. Resources for mental health are scarce, inequitably distributed,
and inefficiently allocated, and most are spent on psychiatric hospitals and institutional
care rather than primary and community care. Low-cost drug and psychosocial treatments
are feasible, affordable and effective for many mental disorders and can be delivered
by trained community or lay health workers.
Every year, injuries due to violence, traffic accidents, burns, falls, or drowning
cause 9% of all deaths and 16% of all disabilities. About 1·2 million people die
every year as a result of road traffic crashes and up to 50 million are injured or
disabled. Cost-effective interventions are available to prevent many deaths and injuries;
motorcycle helmets, seat-belts, and child restraints in vehicles, helmets for child
cyclists, and enforcement of alcohol and driving limits and speeding laws by authorities
will save lives. Roadway improvements and better on-site emergency response systems
could also prevent road-crash deaths and reduce strains on overstretched health-care
facilities. MDG 7 covers environmental sustainability but does not encompass the
full extent of global environmental changes. The four target indicators are reversal
of the loss of forests, halving of the proportion of the population without improved
drinking water, halving of the proportion of the population without sanitation, and
improvement of the lives of people living in slums. Although there has been some
progress towards MDG 7, millions of people still lack access to adequate sanitation.
The risks to human health from climate changes will arise from various factors including
increased exposures to thermal extremes and weather disasters, as well as the spread
of vector-borne, food-borne, and water-borne infections. The links between environmental
issues and other major health issues, such as chronic non-communicable diseases,
are already evident, for example our reliance on motorised transport.
Socioeconomic determinants of health
The lack of progress on the underlying socioeconomic determinants of health, and
not just water, sanitation, and hygiene and consequence of this neglect is that health
equity remains elusive. The reasons for this neglect include the dominance of the
neoliberal approach to social policy with its emphasis on market-based solutions
to health problems, the difficulty of inter-sectoral action, the focus by development
agencies, foundations and politicians on short-term goals, and the absence of a strong
global movement for health improvement and health equity.
The causes of health inequalities lie in the social, economic, and political mechanisms
that lead to social stratification according to income, education, occupation, gender,
and race or ethnicity. The causes of health inequalities and stresses several important
needs: to improve daily living conditions, including the circumstances in which people
are born, grow, live, work and age; to tackle the inequitable distribution of power,
money, and resources (the structural drivers of those conditions) worldwide, nationally,
and locally; and to measure and understand the problem and assess the effect of action.
Leadership and coordination
The movement for global health improvement is led by WHO, which has a constitutional
mandate to address global health issues. Some of the greatest achievements in public
health, for example smallpox eradication and, more recently, the 3 by 5 initiative
to promote access to drugs for HIV/AIDS, the response to SARS, development of the
International Health Regulations, and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control,
have been led by WHO.
Ensuring coherence and collaboration among the organisations involved and the underpinning
of health development with the broad view of public health is a major challenge.
The integration of the multiple calls to action on global health, from chronic diseases
and mental health to maternal and child health; strengthening of primary health care
and health systems in respond to the global disease burden and the global movement
for health; a strong voice for civil society like The People’s Health Movement calling
for a revitalisation of the principles of the Alma-Ata Declaration and the revision
of international and domestic policies that impact negatively on health and equity.
The financial resources available for global health have increased greatly over the
past decade, although much of the additional money has gone into a small set of issues,
mostly infectious diseases and maternal, newborn, and child health, and the available
resources are still insufficient. Furthermore, the proportion of national health
budgets allocated to public health activities is less than 5%, and typically 1—2%
or even less.
Evidence for action:
Improving health data
In 1993, the Global Burden of Disease project established comparable global estimates
for mortality and disability. This has been updated to 2004 on the basis of an extensive
analysis of mortality data for all regions of the world together with systematic
reviews of epidemiological studies and surveys of population health.
The availability of data has driven the global agenda for public health. However,
only about a third of the world’s population is covered by national death registration
systems. Although population surveys provide a lot of information on child mortality
in Africa and Asia, little is known about levels of adult mortality. Many low-income
and middle-income countries have inadequate surveillance systems for chronic diseases
and their risk factors; the information required to monitor trends in disease and
death from chronic diseases is fragmentary.
A crucial issue for the development of global public health is the strengthening
of health systems with an integrated response to all priority issues. Although the
focus has been on the building of systems for HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases,
health systems must respond to all chronic conditions, irrespective of cause, on
the basis of a reinvigorated approach to primary health care. Health systems need
to implement available cost-effective and relatively cheap interventions, both for
whole populations and high-risk individuals.
The prominence of issue of global environmental changes, the underlying determinants
of health and health equity initiatives augur well for a broader public health approach
to global health. The eradication of poverty and extreme hunger and the reduction
in population growth remain central to the global health agenda; the challenge of
poverty reductions is made greater by the environmental limits to continued global
Progress has been made in several key areas (especially control of infectious diseases
and child health). However, much to be done to complete the unfinished global health
agenda in the poorest countries as represented by the MDGs, and the more broadly
based and globally relevant new agenda represented by chronic non-communicable diseases,
global environmental change and the underlying determinants of health.
Higher priority must now be given to both the unfinished and the new agendas, on
the basis of a broad public health approach to global health improvement and health
equity. The ethical basis of global public health requires strengthening, especially
to support the legitimate role of the state in promoting health and reducing health
inequalities. The state has the key leadership function in public health, given the
importance of inter-sectoral actions for health improvement, and the primacy of national
goals and targets over the interests of specific partners, for example the private
The prime responsibility for strengthening political will through advocacy rests
with the wider public-health workforce and professional organisations. As citizens
we all have a responsibility to live sustainably and to influence the political bodies
that represent us. As we celebrate further progress in global public health we should
be drawing and applying lessons for human development more generally. By promoting
global health we are paving the way for a better life for this and future generation.
ITANAGAR, Apr 17: All Heri Youth Welfare Association and Panchayat Members mourned
the sudden demise of Heri Takap, who died on April 13 at Palin.
He is survived by two sons and seven daughters.
The PRI members and the AHYWA observed two minute silence and prayed for the eternal
peace of the departed soul.
Takap was born on May 12, 1950 and did his primary education from Nyapin in 1965.
He became gram Panchayat member in 1971 and elected as Zilla Parishad member from
Palin in 1983, he was also the founder member of Nyishi Multipurpose Cooperative
Society and served as Secretary of this Co-op Society from 1986-1992, and BCCI president
ITANAGAR, Apr 17: All Nyishi Youth Association (ANYA) Kurung Kumey unit has appointed
Charu Kanu, Dare Peter and Kipa Kame as president, vice-president and general secretary
of the association.