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2010

July  - 30

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AAPSU slams Govt on law & orderfailure, urges Governor to intervene

Staff Reporter

ITANAGAR, July 29: All Arunachal Pradesh Students Union (AAPSU) has come out strongly against state government for their ‘failure to bring any noticeable development in the state’.

Addressing the media persons in a press conference held at Hotel Arun Subansiri, a day after state-wide bandh, All Arunachal Pradesh Students Union (AAPSU) claimed that absolute success of bandh shows that people of state deeply resented the present government for their failure to address genuine issues of ordinary citizens.

Listing various issues on which government failed to make any progress, AAPSU President Takam Tatung said if democratically elected government behaves like authoritarian one, then it will set dangerous trend. “The way government machinery are trying to shield killer of late Jumchi Nguso is shameful. Everyone whether it be engineer, doctor, magistrate or for that matter from any profession if they commit mistake, they should be punished. We are still hopeful that killer of late Nguso will be punished and if not, our movement will continue,” said Tatung.

Further he said people of this state need answers from our elected government on major issues like Chakma issue of M-Pen and unsolved murder mystery of Dohu Raju, suspicious killing of three Arunachalee namely Dongche Tache, Melong Kobing and Bamang Bakey last year at Gumto-Harmoty road, robbery at Seppa Apex Bank, assault on Dr. Tana Talin Tara by police personnel and most importantly tell people how late Jumchi Nguso died.

Tatung went on to add, “The IFS officer kidnapped at Bhalukpong is yet to be traced. This has brought bad name to the state and it will have deep impact on those wanting to visit state for scientific research. Also police is yet to trace the killer of teenage student Dohu Raju and even in case of Lagun murder case all the culprit are yet to be arrested. For all this failure police and state home department has to take responsibility.”

Talking about the December 2008 Anini incident where the government money amounting to Rupees 16 crore had gone missing from treasury department and subsequently led to the arrest of ADC, AAPSU alleged same culprit is now back to work. AAPSU said it wanted to know where those Rs 16 crore  has gone and how come an accused got back his job  after committing such heinous crime of looting public money.

Talking about bad mannerism of IRBn jawans while performing duty, AAPSU president Takam Tatung said these jawans has no right to beat bikers for not wearing helmet. “As per motor vehicle act, they can fine bikers for not wearing helmet, but often these IRBn jawans directly start beating those bikers who do not wear helmet. This is a human right violation and it also create deep divide between citizen and police,” says Tatung. He also requested Governor JJ Singh to make intervention in law and order issues. “We understand that he is bound by certain constitutional obligations, but coming from an army background we pray he should intervene in certain issues of national importance,” Tatung added.

Justifying the bandh call, Tatung said AAPSU resort to such means as a last option after seeing no response from state government. Reacting to some organizations threatening to separate capital bandh on Jumchi Nguso death issue, Tatung advised other bodies not to interfere in those issues which AAPSU takes up.  AAPSU president concluded by thanking public for their spontaneous support towards bandh. “There are certain issues where we have to together stand up as an Arunachalee and we at AAPSU kind of represent mini Arunachal. We have been encouraged by support of public and hope they will continue to stand behind AAPSU in coming days,” ended Tatung.

Addressing the media on the sideline of AAPSU press conference, All Papum Pare District Students Union (APPDSU) president Nabam John told that union will continue to fight for the justice of Dr Tana Talin Tara who was mercilessly beaten up police for his no fault sometimes ago. APPDSU which has been demanding dismissal of former officer in charge of Naharlagun police station LR Rana and SDPO Mehra for their involvement in physical assault of Dr Tana Talin, asserted that if those officers were dismissed at right time life of late Jumchi Nguso could have been saved.

Further APPDSU president John informed that government is yet to act on demand of the union to seize revolver of Rakesh Pandey and Rajesh Pandey, who had tried to intimate Dr Talin and under whose complaint police arrested Dr Talin without any charge. “We are again warning government to act serious on our demand or we will be compelled to take our own course. This is an issue of an indigenous tribe being attacked in coherence between some outsiders and their brother’s in police department,” said John.

 

Non-utilisation of funds and under performance reflects at NRHM Review Meet

ITANAGAR, July 29: Issues confronting the NRHM in the state discussed at the two days Review Meeting which was held here from July 26.

A detail review of all the district performances was lead by Dr. D. Padung, Nodal officer (NRHM) through powerpoint presentation. The issues were highlighted based on reports and datas. Some of the major concerns reflected were non-performance/ under performance, non-submission of physical performance reports, low coverage of immunization, non-utilization of funds, irregular / incomplete/ low quality HMIS reporting, non-uploading of HMIS reports in the HMIS web portal being some of the major issues in the districts.

Further, Details on measles catch up campaign in East Siang district and Japanese Encephalitis campaign at Lohit district was presented. The timeline for both the campaign was unanimously decided to be conducted during September 2010. Roll out plan for ASHA training on module 6 & 7 was also briefly presented.

Minister (Health & FW) Tanga Byaliang exhorted DMO’s and DRCHO’s to expedite the implementation of programmes in the districts and directed them to work together leaving aside differences and achieve what is expected of them in improving the health services. He further emphasised on regular, timely and quality reports submission to the state so that centre can considers further fund release and approval of new schemes. The districts were asked not to utilize the fund in advance to avoid liabilities unless released from the state Head quarter. Further, he stressed on streamlining the health system in the state, and requested all the officers to cooperate in the process.  He also directed the Secretary (HFW) to issue show cause notice to all the districts with poor performance.  

Parliamentary Secretary (Health & FW) Nido Pavitra directed the districts to submit the Utilisation Certificate (UC) on time for further release of fund and to utilize at least 80% of the funds released.

Dissatisfied with the performance of some districts, he said the concerned DMOs and DRCHOs should resign if they cannot deliver. Communication gap to be looked into and HMIS web portal should be functionalised immediately, he said.

Provision of Solar Refrigerator will be given priority for most difficult and inaccessible areas. He also requested the consultants from RRC-NE for guidance for better delivery.

Secretary (Health & FW) Kaling Tayeng, asked all the participants to pull up their socks and work hard to achieve the expected level and take all the suggestions / criticism / comments in the right spirit. The secretary (HFW) was very critical on no expenditure and non submission of SOEs especially related to RKS, VHSC funds lying unspent in the districts. Claiming funds being not an issue, he asked the districts to deliver and improve the absorption capacity. He directed the MD (NRHM) to release funds based on performance in each district. He directed all the DMOs and DRCHOs to bring improvement in all major health indicators at least up to 60-70 % by March 2011. Henceforth, the ACRs of the DRCHOs will be reviewed by MD (NRHM) and the level of achievements of officers concerned will be the benchmark for review. He requested the districts not to provide vague excuses on non-performance in the next Review meeting.

He informed that the talks are going on with GoI, in regards to increasing the salary of staffs / incentives working in most difficult / unreached/inaccessible areas for better delivery. Acknowledging the role played by RRC in clearance of the state ROP, he requested them to show some benevolence since the state is trying in improving and implementing the programme. While appreciating districts with good performance, he reiterated that unspent balance with the districts should be utilised properly and immediately for making the facility functional before the next review meeting in October.

Summing up the Review Meeting, Mission Director (NRHM) Talem Tapok, asked the districts to ensure increase in coverage of immunization, expenditure to be reflected correctly in the audited accounts, reporting to be looked into and improved, Orientation of PRI’s to be started, meetings of RKS and District Health Society to be conducted on a regular basis for physical achievement and timely reports on VHSC and VHND, he said. He stressed on the need of community monitoring to know the status / requirement of health services by community and thereby address the issue.

 

Doctors to go on state-wide protest on Aug 9

ITANAGAR, July 29: The doctors of Arunachal have decided to launch its first phase of state-wide protest from August 9 due to non action by the government to meet the associations demand after Dr Tana Talin Tara was allegedly assaulted.

In a press release today, Arunachal Pradesh Doctors Association (APDA) stated that in view of the failure of the state Govt. to initiate any action to the demands of which was submitted on June 28, the doctors would initiate state wide protest.

The APDA is aggrieved by the lackadaisical attitude of the Govt. The Govt. has not even conducted any inquiry by an independent body leaving aside fulfilling our demand, it added.

Further, the APDA has decided to move National Human Right Commission, New Delhi demanding action against the erring Police Officer and suitable compensation for human right violation and impingement of the fundamental rights of Dr Tana Talin Tara as guaranteed in the constitution of India to its citizens.

The APDA further informed that it is contemplating disciplinary action against the Medical Officer, General Hospital, Naharlagun who examined Dr Tana Talin Tara on June 21, if he has not properly followed the medico- legal protocol, negligence to duty, professional misconduct while medically examining Dr Tana Talin Tara.

The APDA, further appealed to the general public to bear with inconveniences’ that may arise during the proposed democratic movement and understand the circumstances compelling the association to take such steps.

 

ANSU demands polytechnic at  Yachuli

ITANAGAR, July 29:  All Nyishi Students’ Union (ANSU)  has deamanded the state Govt to take initiative for establishment of the polytechnic college at the  proposed site at Yachuli immediately.

Pointing out the recent unrest of the Yachuli people in protest against the shifting the site of the proposed Polytechnic  from Yachuli to Ziro, ANSU in a memorandum to the Chief Minister  said  the Institute should be established at  the initially proposed site at Yachuli.  

Describing the change of initial proposal of  the site  for the Polytechnic  from Yachuli  to Ziro as an act of nepotism and favoritism, ANSU also said Yachuli people are voluntarily donating  the required land  free of cost for  the polytechnic. It will also lead to balanced development in the distirct,  the Union  added.

Demanding reconsideration of its decision and approval of initially proposed site at Yachuli for the polytechnic, ANSU  said it will bound to resort to democractic movement to express public sentiment if the Govt fails to pay heed to its demand.

ANSU also  demanded transfer of Hage Khoda who has been holding the post of both secretary and Commissioner of Education Department of Arunachal saying that he  has over stayed the due tenure of service period of a department.

 

CM inspects building sites

ITANAGAR, July 29: Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Dorjee Khandu today inspected the under construction Civil Secretariat and Legislative Assembly Buildings in the capital city today.

Accompanied by PWD & UD Minister Nabam Tuki, Chief Engineer Western Zone T H Tayum, SE PWD K Waghe and EE Tage Taki, the Chief Minister expressed his satisfaction over the pace of work carried out.

Khandu directed the officer of PWD department to ensure that the projects are completed well on time. He also emphasized on maintaining topmost quality while using the building materials for construction. (PRO to CM)

 

Conservation and sustainable dev. through community energy

ITANAGAR, July 29: A day-long workshop on community-based conservation and sustainable development through community energy was organized at Koyu by Future Generations Arunachal (FGA) today. Gaon Buras (GBs), members of the women’s groups, school teachers and students attended the workshop.

The workshop focused on threats of global warming and role of communities in containing it using slides shows and documentaries on melting of snow in the Himalayas leading to rising sea level. If we do not take action now all coastal areas will be submerged and it will affect the people in the hills as well, informed Punyo Chada and Hibu Tatu, Green Teachers from Ngunu Ziro who were the resource persons.

The community participants and students prepared three months work plans for their respective areas which included tree plantation, flood control activities, maintenance of drains and cleanliness drives in the surrounding areas, controlling of wild animal hunting and deforestations.   

Wild life and virgin forests could be used to promote eco-tourism and generate income for the people said Marte Koyu, vice Principal, Government Higher Secondary School, Koyu while participating in the program. He referred to many species like tigers, reindeers and hornbills which are almost extinct in Arunachal Pradesh because of human hunting. Earlier, Pura Aiya, Project Coordinator Best Practices of FGA highlighted about the works of the organization. He also explained the working methods of FGA based on SEED-SCALE process and urged the participants to get involved to create a better future.

Tajir Kakki (HGB) of Kakki village and Tunya Rina (GB) of Rina village distributed tree saplings provided by Pasighat Forest Division to the participants.

 

ASUS concerned at poor police-public relation

ITANAGAR, July 29: Expressing concern over poor police-public relation in Arunachal Pradesh, the Arunachal Students’ Union Shillong (ASUS) urged the state government to train police personnel for improving the relationship between the two.

The Union, while urging the people of the state to join hands in fighting against the alleged police atrocities and ‘misapplication’ of ‘rule of law,’ said that crores of rupees have been poured to the state by the central government as special package to train police personnel.

"The fight is not for the justice of late Jumchi Nguso only but also for effective policing.  Nguso’s case is not the first of its kind in the state. More often than not, numerous cases of such custodial deaths and human rights violations are taking place in rural areas. But most of them have gone unreported and unrecorded due to lack of awareness among rural masses and negligence of the authorities," the release claimed.

A team of ASUS led by its general secretary Meje Taku joined AAPSU and others here yesterday in support of the 24-hr bandh call.

 

Sensitization Training Programme on RTI Act-2005

ITANAGAR, July 29: A three days long exclusive “Sensitization Training Programme on RTI Act-2005” for the PIOs &APIOs & other Govt. functionaries of Papum Pare District started at ATI, Naharlagun, today.  

As many as 27 government employees   are attending the programme which is being conducted by ATA at the request of the District Administration.

While addressing the participants, State Information Commissioner Habung Payang said told that Public Information Officers (PIOs) & Asstt. Public Information Officers (APIOs) are the backbone of the RTI Act as the responsibility of implementing the Act rest on their shoulder.

Payeng pointed out that although the Constitution of the India already provides all freedom speech & expression to its citizen but the true spirit of transparency & accountability come into reality with the introduction of RTI Act-2005 which empower an ordinary citizen with the right to scrutinize public records & demands accountability & transparency from all organs of the Govt.

He advocated the strong need to change the perception of the people at large & particularly the functionaries of public authorities in the matter of the need for adopting positive attitude towards transparency & accountability.

 

Volleyball tourney

ITANAGAR, July 29: A volleyball competitions for both Boys and Girls were organized by Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), Papum Pare as part of its block level sports programme at Durpa-I, Kimin from July 25 to 27 last.

Belo-Lora Youth Forum won both Boys and Girls tournament while Durpa-I Youth Club and Jumi Youth Sports Club were the runners up of both Boys and Girls categories respectively. Chuku Naku and Ngurang Yatri were adjudged the best players of the tournament.

The valedictory function was attended by B Tayung, Range Forest Officer, Kimin as chief guest.

 

Cooperative account and other development training

ITANAGAR, July 29: Arunachal Pradesh State Cooperative Union and Arunachal Pradesh Cooperative Training Centre is conducting 5 days combines training programme on cooperative account and other development under central scheme at Kimin from July 29-August 2 next.

The inaugural function will be attended by Officers from NABARD along with Deputy Registrar of cooperative society, PapumPare and Assistant Education Office.

AEO, APSCU, Lecturer, APCTC and other guest lecturer will carry out the other days training programme respectively.

 

International Award for JNC teacher

ITANAGAR, July 29: Dr. Keshav Kumar Jha, Head of the Department of Zoology, Jawaharlal Nehru College, Pasighat has been selected by the International Biographical Centre, Cambridge, England (U.K.) for its Prestigious International Award IBC “Leading Professionals of the World 2010”.

 

NEIST’s Project Competition for students of NE

ITANAGAR, July 28: As a part of the programme for NEIST Golden Jubilee year celebrations, the CSIR-North East Institute of Science & Technology (Formerly Regional Research Laboratory) at Jorhat has been organizing a "Investigatory Project Competition" among the students of the states of North East India. The various themes of the competition are –

Biodiversity of your locality, Traditional knowledge in healthcare and medicine, traditional knowledge of water harvesting, Ethnic/traditional food, Land/river erosion, Traditional construction material and Superstition and its eradication. The student can submit the report either in English or in Assamese and the maximum word limit in 2000 words. The competition will be held in two groups viz. group A & group B. The group A will comprise of the students of Class VI to X (between age of 12-16 years) and group B will comprise of the students of Class XI to degree level (between age of 17-21 years). The guidelines and the format of the project can be downloaded from www.rrljorhat.res.in. The winners of the North East level will be awarded a studentship for two months to spend and work for two months at NEIST, Jorhat in the discipline of their choice. The prizes will be awarded at a function to be held during final celebration of Golden Jubilee of NEIST.

 

Bandh passes off peacefully, says Borang

Itanagar, July 29:The 24-hour state-wide AAPSU bandh passed off peacefully in Roing. The bandh organized by AAPSU Roing unit was fully cooperated by DASU and AIMSU and there was no any communal problem, said  Kaling Borang, AAPSU  chief auditor and chairman of both  Lower and Upper Dibang Valley district.

Borang further clarified that there was no any apprehension of communal conflict during the bandh as published in a section of local media. Terming it as rumour, he also denied any controversy between  two communities.

 

The worsening road conditions

Dear Editor,

This is in regards to pathetic road conditions of Capital roads.  Why we cannot make roads which will withstand the monsoon showers. Is it lack of wisdom or lack of honesty? Are we waiting for the center to do some magic to banish this current situation of our pathetic road condition? The situation is getting worse with each passing days.

Perhaps the governments fail to pay attention thinking it is local and very small matter or the public’s voice of agony is not reaching them.

Added to bad roads are tariff congestion. On July 27, I went out for vegetable marketing around lovely evening time from Chandranagar to Ganga local bazar, which is around a km away. Because of the huge traffic jam; literally it took exactly one hour and twenty minutes to reach there where as it is just a small distance of five to ten minutes. Indeed the traffic problem is now everyday and everyone’s story.

The high density of vehicles and the narrow road is also responsible for the rise in the number of road accidents. Traffic jams is another area where precious hours get wasted and if anyone is heading for a hospital in case of an emergency, then the patient can only look upto God for mercy. There are so many other examples which we common public is facing without uttering anything. Whom do we blame; the common public natural calamities or the government ? Concern authorities could mend it time to time and widen the breadth of the road actually, rather than the faking demolition of roadside buildings, which we have already seen couple of times now, but nothing happens as day turns to night.

If one comes back after spending some time outside, we realize nothing has ever changed. Our state is as green as before and the road is as same as ten years ago. But the constant growing population, huge numbers of vehicle and pothole on roads is increasing day by day. I fail to understand that with so much development source from the center, why everything is lagging behind? The same question arise; is it lack of wisdom or the lack of honesty?

Yours

Dr T Konya (on email)

 

 

Give APST an opportunity

Dear Editor,

I want to appeal through your daily column, regarding the equal reservation given to APST and non APST candidates for the recruitment of Science teachers. Since there are lot of qualified and unemployed science graduates and post graduates, who will be left out if we consider fifty-fifty reservation. After all, if we will not get higher preference in our own state then where are we going to get this opportunity? Therefore, I would like to request the concerned authority to reconsider the matter and increase the percentage of reservation for APST candidates (science) as fixed for the Humanities candidates.

Yours,

Angun Lego (on email)

(Nirjuli)

 

 

Sealed fate

Dear Editor,

Recently a report was published in a China newspaper where the Chinese government and its scientists are planning to harness the wind and solar energy of the country. The misadventure of big dams is over for China. India is yet to become wiser. Or the government and the Indian corporate is more cunning. Everyone knows the potential of wind energy and solar power in north-east, but they deliberately want big dams so that they can siphon of crores of money during thre construction work. The ministers, businessmen, engineers and contractors are more than happy to make plans of bulding huge dams so that they can become millionaires and billionaires.

With the RTI, we are coming to know the faces behind the dam projects. The Ambanis, Jaypee group, are major shareholders and brain behind. In the name of ‘national’, in the National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC), Mulayam Singh Yadav, Pranab Mukherjee, Reddy brothers from Andhra and many politicians from north India hold share in the public sector. The signing of MoUs is not new. Many political leaders have been paid crores to sign documents which will seal the fate of the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh and destroy their ancestral lands and erase entire civilizations for all times to come.

Yours,

Ropi Jamoh (on email)

Near Bank Tinali road

 

 

Forgone conclusion!

Dear Editor,

Apropos the news report "Team India to play 2 practice matches in Portugal"( 28 July), it is extremely surprising and amusing that the team which will have to compete with the leading teams of the continent in the upcoming Asia Cup 2011, is tuning up their skills by practicing against the third division sides of Portugal !

If India wins against such lowly club sides of Portugal, then there lies every chance that the players will be affected by a false sense of self-confidence, but find themselves at sea when up against the real rivals like Korea Republic, Australia and Bahrain.

And if the Indian authorities are of the belief that the country's strength is equivalent to the third division sides of Portugal or the latter are even stronger than the former, then the result of India's 2011 Asia Cup campaign is a foregone conclusion.

Yours,

Kajal Chatterjee, Kolkata (On email)

 

 

Public outrage and police behavior

Dear Editor,

The recent public outrage against police atrocities in Itanagar is enough to understand that our protector can become war-monger. One cannot imagine that law keepers could torture people to death. The law enforcers are actually making mockery of law. Terming Late Nguso as mentally retarded after he was hit by a vehicle has made the people react violently. What people would expect from  the law enforcing authority, if they termed a pedestrian  hit by a vehicle mentally retarded.

The death of Nguso can’t simply be said as motor vehicle accident, it was a murder.  What is surprising is that half of the  police personnel involved in the case  have been kept away from the scanner for punishment.  They should be terminated if the law and justice are to be treated equal for all.

If VIPs want to ply their vehicles with high speed, why the roads in Capital are congested?  Where is the proposed four-lane capital road? Whey there is no pavement for pedestrian?  The improvement of road condition is need of the hour to reduce road accident.  I also request the NGOs, Students’ bodies keep fighting for justice.

Yours,

Tamuk Tatup

Papu Nallah

 

 

Bandhs are more of nuisance than a means to an end

Dear Editor,

I am a regular reader of the 'Readers Forum' in Arunachal Times and find it very enlightening these days. This is in direct response to the letter by one  Dorjee K Thungon's - 'Bandhs are No Solutions'.

It has been time and again on many several occasions mentioned by many a reader that expressed solidarity with Mr. Thungons view but to no avail. He has Rightly presented the cons of the bandh calls that makes life a bit more difficult for all.

We know that bandhs as a form of protest are of not much use at all at solving any grievances of the public. It can serve only the purpose of the agency calling it to popularize themselves.

To make any government to sit up and take notice is not a big deal so much as to make them act. As it is for all to see that a conviction without action is like an empty promise that holds no meaning and value.

Bandhs are more of nuisance than a means to an end. They create more problems than solutions. If at all the organisations and protesting bodies’ aims at attaining their objective it’s not through arm twisting but by reasoning and logic.

The fact that bandhs are a means to attain the objectives is never true in most of the instances. In the case of the recent bandh call it would have been more effective if the protest was carried over to the place of the incident (police station) and the protesters would have ensured that actual work goes on in the place instead of the usual police brutalities and atrocities. Let the protesters make the vigilance a monthly affair till the solutions are awarded.

Hold the perpetrators responsible and not the public to ransom. If at all the bandh was called to make the guilty act then by preventing all from moving to an action the organisers of the bandh are detracting in their very motive for the righteous. Let there be a mass gathering at the police station and apprise all present of the situation and the current status of the case. By making everyone sit at home and laze around doing nothing we are not contributing to any valuable input for the needy but in fact shying away from action. Action is the better option rather than inaction. So, to at least honor Late Mr. T. Nguso and give him posthumous justice we must act, not just sit idle.

We must also give the organisations like AAPSU and other sister organisations our support and solidarity in such situations because if not for these organisation none would have spearheaded the movement. But it is high time that strategies for action should be thought over carefully. We must not forget that when seeking justice it is for justice and justice alone that we fight and not self glorification, for, if that be the case, all would be lost.

Yours,

Truly exasperated

(on email)

 

 

Too thick skinned to feel the heat

Dear Editor,

Who actually knows, what liberated India from the clutches of the Firangis? Was it the sacrifice of the gun wielding 'macho' martyrs or the non-violent 'frail' venerable father of the nation or the 'pen wielding' bards who wrote patriotic poems? The authorities may have felt the heat of the candle flames that were lighted for Jessica Lal. Or the hunger striker in the 'mainland India' may have induced some hunger in the authorities. Alas ! The authorities out here are too thick skinned to feel the heat of even a smelting furnace, or have had enough grub to last a lifetime. Bandh calls are 'certainly' not the answer to demands for justice. But then 'Laton ke Bhoot Baton se Nahin Mante'. We have heard of Jessica Lal. Who has heard of the unfortunate lady in Rupa ? What about Tako Tagak ? What about the unreported cases ? I certainly do not support bandhs. But its the only way the weak oppressed citizen can vent their anger. What else can they do against the ever powerful 'Mantri sahaab' and their gun wielding Khaki clad Goondas.

Yours

Bengia Abo (on email)

RIMS Imphal,

 

 

 

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All email and surface mails must be accompanied with contact numbers and full postal address. Do keep writing but please make sure that letters are short and to the point.        

----Editor

Fruit drop: A menace to be alleviated in khasi mandarin orchard

Suresh Kumar P, Choudhary V K, Ronya T and Bhagawati R

With diverse agro climatic conditions, varied soil types and rich natural crop diversity, Arunachal Pradesh is one of the hot spots for many numbers of commercially important horticultural crops. Among them, khasi mandarin is the premier crop, cultivated in over 23,360 ha area with a production of 27,251 tonnes and the productivity of modest 1.75 tonnes per ha while the national average is reached to around 9.5 tonnes/ha. Therefore, there is a huge gap between the actual and potential yield. Though many production oriented factors play a role in the final yield of the produce, flower and fruit drop share a major role in reduction in yield. Many farmers from this region encounters this problem and some time they incur loss even up to 70 percentage due to this single menace. Khasi mandarin bloom prolifically producing 75,000 to 1,50,000 flowers on well matured tree. However, fewer than 1-2% of these flowers will produce harvestable fruit. Flower drop was observed to the extent of 15-35% in different parts of Arunachal Pradesh with an average of 27.8 percent. Of which, 70-75% was physiological, 8-15% entomological and 8-10% was pathological

A) Nature of fruit drop

Fruit drop in citrus occurs more or less in three distinct stages viz., post setting drop, pea size drop and pre-harvest drop. Among which the last one is most important and create nuisance to the farmers. Based on the causal factors, the fruit drop can be classified broadly as i) Physiological drop ii) Entomological drop and iii) Pathological drop.

i) Physiological drop

Although the initial fruit drop period in citrus is primarily from physiological reasons, the term is strongly associated to October fruit drop and describes the abscission of fruitlets as they approach 0.5-2.0 cm in diameter. This is mainly due to competition among fruits for carbohydrates, water, hormone and other metabolites. The problem is highly aggravated by water stress and humidity.

Some important factors which accelerate or initiate fruit drop are senescence or disease, injury or removal of the organ; embryo development; auxin applied at the proximal end; anti-auxin; extreme imbalance of nitrogen-carbohydrates; mineral nutrient deficiency of Ca, Mg, S and Zn; drought; high humidity; flooding; frost, cold injury; shortening photoperiods; O2, CO2 and respiration, enzymes like oxidases; unsaturated hydrocarbons and defoliants.

ii) Entomological fruit drop

Citrus bud mite and orange bug are some important pests which causes heavy drop of flowers and fruits in oranges. Besides fruit fly (Daucus dorsalis) and fruit sucking moth (Otheris fullonica) are mainly causing fruit drop in the later crucial stage of fruit ripening. Pre-harvest fruit drop is mainly caused by fruit fly infestation. Its activity is first noticed during last week of October which continues till the final harvest. The eggs laid into the pulp of the fruit just under the skin. The eggs hatches in about three days. The hatched maggots feed the inside of the fruit. Larval development period ranges from 7-10 days. Their infection leads to secondary infestation by fungi and bacteria. Finally, the maggots fall into the ground and pupate in the soil. Pupa undergo diapause for about two months and adult emerge during the month of march under mid hill condition of Arunachal Pradesh.

iii) Pathological fruit drop

Fruit drop also occurs due to pathogenic fungi viz. Botryodiplodia theobromae, Colletotrichum gleosporoides and Alternaria citri (stem end rot) which mainly occurs predominantly on the mathure fruits near ripening. High inoculum of these fungi in the orchards builds up due to dead twigs on the bearing trees. Water spot also causes fruit drop in which the rind absorbs large amounts of water in localized areas during period of prolonged rains or dampness. If the infected areas do not dry rapidly, they are invaded by blue or green moulds.

B) Control of fruit drop

a) Control of physiological fruit drop

* Presence of organ in healthy condition

* Taking care on normal fruit development

* Maintaining the optimum balance of C:N ratio

* Tree should not be water stressed during fruiting period as water stress accelerates the synthesis of abscisic acid which fasten the abscission of fruit.

* Long or uniform photo period

* Other than above orchard maintenance factors, external application of growth inducing, fruit drop preventing chemicals can also be used. They are.,

* Spray GA3 10 ppm + urea 1% at the time of flowering

* Spray 2,4-D 15 ppm + Benomyl/carbendazim 1000 ppm + urea 1% one month after fruit set when the fruit size reaches pea size (8-10 mm).

* Spray GA3 10 ppm + potassium nitrate 1% two month after fruit set (18-20 mm fruit size).

* Spray ZnSo4 (0.4%) + MgSo4 (0.2%) + CuSo4 (0.3%) at fortnight interval will decrease the fruit drop and increase the fruit yield.

Making of Growth Regulator spray solutions.

When you buy the chemicals in the shop check the expiry date and directions for use. Normally growth regulator formulations are mentioned in ppm (parts per million) in the leaflet. Follow the below mentioned procedure to calculate the required spray solution for your orchard.

1mg of chemical in 1000 ml is equivalent to 1 ppm.

10 mg in 1000 ml/1 lit is equivalent to 10 ppm

10000 mg in 1000 ml is equivalent to 10000 ppm

1000 mg (1g) in 100 ml is equivalent to 10000 ppm

10000 ppm is equivalent to 1% spray solution.

For example to prepare 50 ppm spray solution of NAA, you have to use 50 ml of spray liquid in one litre of water. The sprayer should be free from pesticide residues.

b) Control of entomological and pathological drop

* Bait containing malathion or fenthion 0.05% + 1% crude sugar should be hanged two months before fruit ripening.

* Carboryl @ 2 g/litre of water should be sprayed twice at 15 days interval after fruit set.

* Male attracting traps containing 0.1% methyl eugenol and 0.05% malathion reduces pest population. Use 25 traps/ha starting from before fruit harvest and change solution at one week interval.

* Poison baiting for fruit sucking moths with 20 g malathion/ 50 ml diazinon + 200 g jaggery with some vinegar or fruit juice in 2 litres of water (one bottle for every 15 trees).

* Light traps can also be used for fruit sucking moths.

* Spray carbedazim 2 ml/lit to control fugal infection.

* Spray 1% neem cake or mustard 2-3 weeks before harvest.

Main tips to manage fruit drop

* Maintain balance nutrients in the plants to develop sufficient foliage to support the developing fruits.

* Prune the plants after harvesting to minimize pest and disease incidence.

* Proper drainage should be made to avoid water stagnation.

* Irrigation should be applied at critical stages viz., flowering, fruit set and fruit development.

* Dropped fruits should not be left in the filed as they acts as carrier for the diseases

* For ensuring proper solubility dissolve 2,4 D and GA3 first in 30 ml of alcohol.

 Conclusion:

Khasi mandarin produces flower and fruit profusely under conducive conditions. Apparently, all the flowers do not set fruits and reach to the maturity. Substantial quantity of flower and fruit drop occurs at various stages of development. Keep in mind that although the initial drop of flowers and fruitlets is considered as thinning mechanism of the plant, it is necessary to contain the drop of fruits at middle stages of maturity and especially at the end of maturity, which is called pre-harvest drop. The use of synthetic auxins like 2,4-D and NAA has been a time tested remedy to control physiological fruit drop, although the effective concentrations vary between 10-20 ppm. Use of foliar applied urea also meets the requirement of growth factors like polyamines in the nitrogen metabolism. The pathological fruit drop is controlled by the use of carbendazim or neem cake or mustard. Therefore, care should be taken during flowering and fruiting to reap rich harvest of quality fruits and thereby fetching higher price for the produces.  (The contributors are from ICAR RC NEH Region, Arunachal Pradesh Centre, Basar)

 

AAPWU demands cancellation of Mali appointment

ITANAGAR, July 29: All Arunachal Pradesh Workers’ Union in a letter to Director Horticulture regarding appointment of a Mali under DHO, Seppa claimed the appointment as illegal and violation of labours right in the department.

The union demanded the authority concerned to cancel the appointment order of N Wai and suggested the department to made appointment on seniority basis. It further threatens to launch agitation, if the authority fails to meet the demand of the union within 45 days.

 

Entrepreneurship and linkages

ITANAGAR, July 29: ANMA Integrated Development Association (AIDA), the development organization of Salesians of Don Bosco, Dimapur working in Kurung Kumey and Lower Subansiri district, conducted five training programmes of three days duration each on entrepreneurship and linkages at Joram, Yachuli, Sangram, Leel and Old Palin from July 11 to 27 last, according to an AIDA release.

The main objective of the training conducted at Sangram, Old Palin and Leel were to motivate and promote local entrepreneurs. It also aimed at creating awareness in identifying business opportunities available in their localities.

During the training, Apex Bank, Sangram Branch Manager Tadar Tallo spoke on bank linkages and various facilities available for individual as well as SHGs in Apex Bank. He encouraged the participants to take up activities to increase their group income and assured his help and support for the SHGs in the area.

The main topics dealt during trainings at Joram and Yachuli were business opportunities, charms of becoming entrepreneurs, market survey and business plan. There were both theory and practical classes.

At Joram, Tadar Sime, Rural Bank Yachuli Branch Manager took a lesson on SHG formation and bank linkage. At Yachuli, Pistana CO and Yachuli ASM encouraged the participants to take up business to make their groups sustainable.

Seraphin Lepcha, Joshua, Albert Loshuo and Anita Kapuh of AIDA staff were the main resource persons for the whole training programmes which were conducted in collaboration with NABARD.

AIDA has been working in Lower Subansiri district since 2000 promoting SHGs and building capacities of rural women to take up various income generating activities. There are about 50 active SHGs at present which are constantly monitored and guided by AIDA, the release added.

 

Circle headquarter a non-starter: NSC

ITANAGAR, July 29: Nationalist Students Congress (NSC), a frontal organization of Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) demanded the state government to run the newly created circle HQs at Gumto in proper manner.

The NSC regretted that the circle headquarter remained a non-starter even after completion of all necessary infrastructure. It also claimed that a forest check gate at Mainajuli near Gumto has been established by Assam forest department and people living in border area are being harassed by them, the student organization alleged.

 

Independence Day tourney begins

BOMDILA, July 29: To commemorate the 64th Independence Day, the Independence Day Cup 2010 was formally inaugurated by the Deputy Commissioner Rinchin Tashi here today at the Buddha stadium.

Nine teams are participating in the ID Cup 2010 with 19 matches based on league cum knock-out. The finals would be played on 15th of August 2010.

Complimenting the NEEPCO Bichom for sponsoring the tournament, DC Tashi said that such events provide the right platform and facilitates in bringing out the potential talents in the budding players of the area. Underscoring the importance of maintaining the sportsmanship spirit and discipline all through the game and in & outside the field, DC Tashi reiterated that winning alone does not count.

Earlier, chairman of the Organizing Committee EAC Gombu Tsering highlighted on the modalities of the tournament and called for the successful conduct of the tournament.

 

Traditional handlooms and designs at center stage in North East Handloom Festival 2010

ITANAGAR, July 29: ‘Symphony in Weaves’ – the handloom ensemble, a handloom fashion show of the North East Handloom Festival 2010 was organised by North East Institute of Fashion Technology in association with directorate of textiles and handicrafts at Hotel Donyi Polo Ashok today evening. The show case of North Eastern traditional handlooms and designs included costumes made out of jute and local fabrics by the students of NEIFT. Around seventeen models walked the ramp show casing the rich and colorful dresses made into casual and formal dresses with earthy colours dominating other colours.Tourism Minister Jarbom Gamlin attending the show said, ‘The promotion of traditional designs of the North East is much needed and shows like this would help the local weavers’. The government should help to find market and finance to help the weavers in developing traditional handlooms, added Gamlin.

The North East Handloom Festival 2010 is being supported by Ministry of Textiles, Government of India.

 

 

Committee calls for quality works

ITANAGAR: The Sepa-Chayang Tajo Road Development Committee (SCRDC) has urged upon the   Gemmon India to maintain quality works while constructing the Seppa -Chayang Tajo road.

Suspecting use of poor quality materials in construction of culverts by the Company, which is the constructing agency of the road, the committee claimed that retaining wall at 3 km has collapsed. It also appealed the district administration and higher authority of the department concerned to monitor the works so that quality is maintained in road construction.

 

NLCPR contractors demand early payment

ITANAGAR: The 32km NLCPR Contractors Association, Ziro in a meeting held at Hapoli today requested the Executive Engineer, PWD Ziro to make contractors payment immediately ‘ as  per the directives from the PWD minister’.

While discussing the issues like non-payment of contractors’ pending bills, the meeting attended by contractors, panchayat leaders,  Old Ziro Bazaar Committee members   resolved that no works would be taken up under NLCPR schemes until the remaining contractors’ payment is released.

 

Felicitations

ITANAGAR: DDSE, Papum Pare District Tana Tagru Tara would attend the felicitation cum Tree plantation programme organized by All Sagalee Students’ Union at Sagalee on August 4 next.

 

Rejoinder

Apropos the news item titled ‘AWKSU ensures total bandh in West Kameng’ published in this daily on July 29, the reporter of this news from Bomdila  issued a rejoinder that Govt. offices and establishments were open during the said bandh call and all Govt. employees had attended their offices. However, vehicles were off the road and shops were closed for the day. The factual error is regretted.

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