ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU), Doimukh will conduct the theory
examination of B.A, B.Sc., B.Com I, II, III year and II and IV semesters from April
1 to May 27, 2015, according to a RGU notification.
This ‘revised’ examination schedule has been announced after All Arunachal Pradesh
Students’ Union (AAPSU) approached the Controller of Examination of the University
to review the examination time table in the greater interest of the examinees, particularly
of honours courses, informed AAPSU Spokesperson Tanya Agu in a release.
“There were either no gaps or very few gaps between examinations in the time-table
for honours courses, said Agu, who led the AAPSU team and submitted a representation
to the examination controller.
AAPSU appreciated the RGU authority for considering its appeal for modification in
the examination schedule.
ADM bans donation
AALO, Mar 20: West Siang ADM has issued prohibitory order under Section 144 Cr.PC
banning all kind of donations for the ensuing three day Students’ Convention of West
Siang scheduled to begin at Pobdi village tomorrow.
The order has been promulgated following reports of collecting money from individuals,
businessmen and government servants in the name of West Siang District Students’
Union by the Organizing Committee of the convention.
Any body found violating the order will attract stern action as per provisions of
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU) has declared the re-evaluation results
of annual system of examination, 2014 (Special) of both I and II year courses.
Both results and routine of examination can be seen on university website (www.rgu.ac.in).
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: All India Radio (AIR), Itanagar will broadcast a live Phone-in-Programme
called "Hello Doctor" on its Arun FM (103.1 MHZ) Channel on March 21.
State Epidemiologist Dr. Lobsang Jampa, MD will reply to the listener's queries on
the topic "Swine Flu" from 8 pm and 8.30 pm. Listeners can dial 0360-2292239 from
any phone for advice.
National Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Awareness Week
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The importance of establishing an individual latrine rather than
sharing it and safe drinking water were highlighted by a team of officials from Public
Health Engineering and Water Supply division Anini, Dibang Valley during the launching
of National Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Awareness Week at Etalin and Arzoo
CD blocks recently.
Tokbang Boko, Consultant (Water and Sanitation) explained the key issues in hygiene,
water and sanitation and importance of building one latrine per household. He also
highlighted about solid and liquid waste management.
Field Testing Kits (FTK), its parameters and Ph level for safe drinking water was
also demonstrated by Laboratory Assistant Makep Modi.
PRI members and general public attended the programme.
Mopin festival sports meet begins
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Mopin Festival Sports Meet 2015 commenced here today at Solung
Mopin ground which is being organized by the Mopin Festival Celebration Committee,
Itanagar as a part of the upcoming Mopin celebration on April 5 next.
The inaugural function of the sports meet was attended by OSD to Chief Minister Hatobin
Mai as chief guest. While flagging off the sports meet that includes Volleyball and
Archery as main sports event, Mai appealed the players to maintain true sports spirit
and discipline and set an example to others. Mai also stressed on the need for preservation
of rich art, tradition and culture of the tribe.
MLA Nyamar Karbak informed that the main motive of organizing the event is to unite
people through sports and to promote the young players of the community in sports
sector. While terming the sports meet as a part of the coming Mopin festival of the
Galo community, Nyamar Karbak said that the Archery event and the final of the volleyball
match, both in men and women category, will be an important event of the Mopin festival
on first week of April next.
SSB reaches out to remote Denzi
Tezpur, Mar 20: Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), 30th BN Dirang SSB organised a four day
long social awareness programme under the name of “Publicity Campaign” at Denzi village
along Indo-Bhutan border from March 16.
During the publicity awareness drive, medical/veterinary civic action was conducted
at Kalaktang, Samphung and surrounding villages with the help of SSB Dr J. Chakma,
Deputy Commandant (Medical) and Dr. L. D. Singh, Assistant Commandant (Vety).
A cleanliness drive was also conducted in and around Denzi village under the Swachh
The programme was led by B.P.S Negi, Deputy Commandant 30th BN Dirang. Villagers
in large attended the programme and promised for conduct of the programme at least
thrice in a month.
During the concluding function, L. K. Gohain, Deputy Inspector General, SHQ. SSB,
Tezpur said that SSB has taken up many welfare measures for the welfare and development
of the border people under its civic action programme.
T. N. Thongdok, Deputy Speaker Arunachal Legislative Assembly attended the concluding
Villagers demand enquiry
DAPORIJO, Mar 20: The villagers of Bogia Siyum under Siyum circle have alleged that
District Medical Officer (DMO) has deprived the land donors by changing the specification
of the land after the final land notification of the Govt vide letter No.LR-21/89
for construction of a building for Health Sub-Centre under National Health Mission
for the financial year 2015-16. They appealed to the higher authority to enquire
into the matter and take appropriate action for the welfare of the villagers.
The villagers claimed they have donated land as per assurance given in a meeting
held at the village earlier to award civil work as per guidelines to the land donors
for construction of building for health sub-centre. Finally the land management authority
notified the land for the sub-centre, they said.
“Daporijo DMO has neglected the order of higher authority by changing the land from
actually notified area for Health Sub-centre. He also awarded civil work order to
some other contractors depriving the land donors,” said one of the villagers.
Moreover, the new site for health sub centre is under the jurisdiction of a school
and it is not feasible for the health sub-centre, the villagers claimed.
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Shivyog Guwahati is organizing a two days Durga Saptshati Sadhana
Shivir on 21st and 22nd March at Guwahati Medical College Auditorium.
Durga Saptshati Sadhana is very ancient and part of Shivyog said Simanta Bijoy Deb,
Coordinator, North East.
There are 13 chapters and 700 slokas believed to be strong and powerful and has been
popularized by Guru Avdoot Baba Shivanandaji popularly known as Babaji.
Awareness prog on gender equality for youths held
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The role of youths and various hurdles such as societal and religious
beliefs in bringing about gender equality were thoroughly discussed during an awareness
programme for the students of JN College Pasighat today.
The programme was organized by Women Studies & Research Centre, Rajiv Gandhi University,
in collaboration with Jawaharlal Nehru College Pasighat.
Prof. Elizabeth Hangsing, Director, Women Studies & Research Centre, RGU spoke in
detail on the importance of gender equality.
During the technical session, Dr. Kesang Degi, Associate Prof., Dept of Education,
RGU, spoke on the challenges for gender equality while Dr. Devi Baruah, Asst. Prof.,
Dept. of Commerce, RGU, talked on the social construct of gender and the role media
can play to bring about gender equality.
Dr. Tage Rupa, highlighted the role of youth for gender equality in the present context.
Around 200 students from JNC, Daying Ering College of Teachers’ Education and Siang
Royal Academy, Pasighat attended the programme.
J N College Principal Tayek Talom attended the inaugural session.
NHPC CSR on Agri-Horti skills
Roing, Mar 20: The three-day training programme on 'Imparting Agriculture and Horticulture
Skills', conducted by the Dibang Multipurpose project, NHPC LTD under their CSR-SD
Scheme, concluded at the Multipurpose Hall, here today.
The resource persons from KVK Roing, SMS (Animal Science) Dr Dipankar Hazarika, SMS(Agronomy)
Monica Pangkam, and HDO Roing Minonti Pait Menjo, explained in detail various subjects
related to the topic of the programme.
Hazarika spoke in detail about backyard poultry farming and piggery farming, while
Pangkam explained the proper procedure of growing paddy, ginger, potato, and other
crops for better production, and also about the importance of Azolla-production technology,
as a source of bio-fertilizer and feed for fish, dairy and piggery.
Documentaries and videos holding relevance to the topic were also shown to the trainees.
Programme coordinators, HDO Roing R.Sora, DM (Civil) NHPC Bengia Guma, DM (Civil)
NHPC Bengia Nyer, DM (Civil) NHPC Tage Lomdak and DM (PR) NHPC Ram Gupta, answered
to the queries of the trainees at the end of the programme. Pamplets on backyard
poultry farming, piggery farming, diseases of livestock, and ginger growing were
also distributed. Gupta also informed that after the success of this programme, the
company plans to conduct such programmes as a continuous process.
A total number of 60 farmers from twelve different villages attended the training.
World oral health day celebrated
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The dental health cell, directorate of health services, govt. of
Arunachal today conducted an oral health awareness campaign cum mass brushing programme
at Pichola Village, under circle Balijan circle on the special occasion of "World
Oral Health Day." More 100 people of all ages from Pichola and Tani Happa villages
took active participation in the event.
They were provided with free tooth brushes, tooth pastes and clean water bottles
from the State Oral Health Cell-Directorate of Health Services, Govt. of Arunachal
Pradesh. Dr. Lala Wage, State Nodal Officer, National Oral Health Programme highlighted
the importance of celebrating "World Oral Health Day.”
Dr. Rime Ngulom, MDS- Maxillo-Facial Surgeon spoke about oral health and its impact
on general health. She advised the public to keep the mouth clean and not to invite
heart related diseases, lung infections, oral cancer, GI infections, gum diseases
and to take preventive steps for mouth cancer by avoiding the consumption of both
smoke and smokeless tobacco products.
Dr. Opok Pertin, MDS -Endodontist demonstrated the brushing techniques to villagers
and he emphasized them to brush minimum two times in a day - at morning and night
before going to bed, to prevent tooth decay problem.
Lindum Pema - GPM of Pichola and Dayum Taja- GPM of Tani Happa also advised the public
to remember the instructions given by doctors and keep practicing brushing technique
in their life time.
Apatani Students’ Union (ASU) has appealed to the department concerned to start the
construction works of outdoor Stadium at Subansiri Stadium. In a news item published
in this daily on March 16, it was wrongly printed in both headline and news item
as “indoor stadium” in place of “outdoor stadium.” The inadvertent error is regretted.
MCTS call centre launched
Tacho makes the first call to a new mother
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Arunachal Pradesh Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) Call
Centre -a joint initiative of Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Arunachal
Pradesh State Health Society and Piramal Swasthya (formerly known as HMRI)-was inaugurated
by Health & Family Welfare Minister Rajesh Tacho at Naharlagun today.
The first ever innovative web based service was started with a phone call to a new
mother at Wakro by the Minister followed by another call to a new mother at Daporijo
by Health and Family Welfare Secretary Indra Mallo, who advised them to avail the
Chief Ministers’ Health Insurance Scheme.
While briefing about the MCTS call centre, PN Thungon, Mission Director (NHM) explained
how this innovative call centre could help in reducing the mortality of mother and
child as well as neonates and provide them with specialist health care.
As of now, only outgoing calls will be operational, he informed. Helpline will also
be started shortly for more effective tracking and rendering quality services in
accessible areas of Arunachal Pradesh, he added.
The objective of setting up of this MCTS Call Centre is to undertake case specific
monitoring to ensure complete Antenatal Care (ANC) services, delivery services and
Postnatal Care (PNC) services and monitoring of full Immunization services to pregnant
woman and child through the database collected from NHM web portal. Through a dedicated
five-seat MCTS call center which is operationally managed by Piramal Swasthya, the
aim is to have an effective monitoring system for high risk pregnant women and low
weight birth babies in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality.
Other present on this occasion were Dr. T. Thomas, Special Secretary (Health & FW),
Dr. K. Nishing, DHS, Dr. G Tatu, Director (FW), Dr. M. Jini, Director (Medical Education),
H. Lampung (AMD) NHM, Dr. E. Rumi, Jt.DHS (FW) and senior officers of the Directorate
of Health Services and Mission Directorate.
One arrested for SE RWD office vandalization
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: In yet another incident of lawlessness, the office of Superintendent
of Engineer (SE) Rural Works Department (RWD) Itanagar was vandalized by a mob on
Thursday. The incident occurred when a group of people came to the chamber of TK
Tagin, SE RWD and tried to put their tender paper even after expiry of deadline.
The tender for inter village wire rope suspension bridge project under SPA scheme
for three blocks of Damin, Parsi Parlo and Sarli was being held.
When officials of RWD resisted the groups move, the mob destroyed the office infrastructure
and also took away tender box along with earnest money drafts. However, Itanagar
police has managed to recover the earnest money draft and have arrested one person
in regards to the incident. “We have recovered earnest money draft of Rs 21 lakh
from the resident of one of the accused from Chimpu area. We have also arrested one
Pani Tare for his involvement in the incident and the court has sent him to 5 days
judicial custody. The other accused are absconding but hopefully we will arrest them
soon,” informed T Bage officer in charge of Itanagar police station.
Meanwhile, All Arunachal Pradesh Public Health Engineering and Water Supply Department
Workers Union have condemned the incident. In a press release union urged the home
minister to arrest all the accused involved at the earliest. They expressed fear
that if the accused are not arrested at the earliest, such kind of incident may occur
in other engineering departments too.
Prog on Media and Accessibility concludes with a call for equal opportunities for
people with disability
RONO HILLS, Mar 20: The two-day training programme on Media and Accessibility concluded
here today with the Vice Chancellor of Rajiv Gandhi University, Prof. Tamo Mibang
advocating for equal opportunities for people with disability.
In his deliberation, the VC said that environment has to be made conducive for all
irrespective of disability. Setting a platform for initiating workshops that are
targeted at making opportunities accessible in the area of disability, the VC called
for a collective effort from the policy makers and the executing agencies. He further
stressed on the need to bring attitudinal change in the way we look at disability
by advocating for a society that is inclusive in nature.
The workshop was organized by the Ali Yuvar Jung National Institute for the Hearing
Handicapped, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, GoI in collaboration with
department of Mass Communication, RGU.
The VC thanked the resource persons who had come from New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata
and neighbouring states for sharing their knowledge to the participants with their
field of expertise in the area of disability that the university has taken serious
cognizance of. Pitching for an approach that is universal in nature and accessible
in the area of disability, the VC is keen at making the university accessible for
Earlier on the day there were technical sessions on accessibility technology & environment
and media advocacy and designs for accessibility.
The participants interacted with MD Barrier Break technologies Shilpi Kapoor on Skype
from Mumbai over issues pertaining to acceptable and accessible media and websites
for people with disability. The participants were also trained on how to make TV
ads accessible for people with disability. Director Deviprasad Goenka, Management
College of Media Studies, Mumbai Dr. Mangesh Karandikar dwelt at length on how new
media can be used in education to be accessible for all.
Communication manager, The George institute of Global Health, New Delhi, K Kanan
trained the participants on making use of media advocacy and implementation of accessibility
guidelines to help in the area of disability.
Later during the day, the students of the department of Mass Communication received
certificates for various competitions such as designing TV spots, preparing comics
and article writing.
ILP Facilitation Centers contribute to state exchequer
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The computerized Tourist Inner Line Permits (ILP) Facilitation
Centers set up at Guwahati, Gumto and Naharlagun Railway Station have issued 247
(ILP) to domestic tourists and assisted four foreign tourists who came without PAP
The total revenue earned from ILP since February 19th from the three centers is Rs.
1, 11,600 @ of Rs 400 per domestic tourist and Rs 3200 per foreign tourist.
The collected amount has been deposited to government exchequer through treasury
challan, according to an official source.
The teams deployed at the computerized ILP facilitation centers are working hard
to assist the tourists from morning 5 AM onwards.
An employee has been deployed in each of the centre as public relation officer (PRO),
who interacts with the tourists. At the same time, the tourism officials are not
sparing anyone who does not carry recommended documents such as Aadhaar, GoI/State
Govt. ID, Pan Cards and Passport for ILP on arrival with the help of Government Railway
Police (GRP) who are guarding and providing security round the clock to the passengers
and railway stations.
Many ILP violators were caught by the joint operation team of GRP and tourism officials
and handed over to Naharlagun Police Station for further course of action, the release
AACWA alleges fiscal mismanagement
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Alleging huge misappropriation of public fund and fiscal mismanagement,
the All Arunachal Contractor's Welfare Association (AACWA) appealed to the Governor
to invoke Article 360 under state financial emergency and recommend President Rule
in the state.
In its memorandum addressed to the Governor, the Association said that the state
Govt has miserably failed to manage fiscal discipline thereby presenting deficit
budget for the last 3 successive financial year. Alleging that huge amount of money
under various sources of central grant has been misappropriated, the memorandum said
all the departments are not in a position to submit mandatory utilization certificate
in respect of all the ongoing centrally sponsored schemes, due to which the fund
flow from the Centre against all the central schemes has been halted.
“Due to huge misappropriation of public fund and the fiscal mismanagement, the state
Govt has failed to clear contractor's pending bills, employees salaries. Above all
the development programs undertaken by both central and state govts are in grinding
halt and if this problem persists further the result will be disastrous for Arunachal
Pradesh,” the memorandum said.
Demanding immediate constitution of Lokayukta in Arunachal Pradesh for transparent,
accountable and corruption free governance, the Association said that the state
govt. was supposed to constitute full-fledged Lokayukta body by the month of February
2015 but even after more than a year of the enactment of the Act., the Lokayukta
has not been constituted till date.
Expressing grievances over non-fulfillment of various pending issues of the Association,
AACWA also sought the intervention of the Governor in solution to their pending demands.
The Association said that in spite of several memorandums and reminders, the Govt
did not respond to its grievances.
Demanding immediate lower down of enlistment fees as per Govt notification, the Association
said “We welcome the recent notification for class-wise contractors registration
vide no. SPWD/W- 336/cont/06-0 dated 21st November 2014. However, we strongly oppose
the Govt notification fixing high amount of enlistment fees which is against CPWD
norms for all categories of registration fees.”
Other demands include adoption and relaxation of 1% EMD for ST and local contractors
for any categories of tender work, halt on advance implementation of works under
SPA / TFC and other Centrally Sponsored Schemes and maintenance of transparency in
tendering process, stop unfair deduction of 2% income tax from tribal contractor's
during payments of bill. Deduction of 2% income tax from local contractors of any
category are against the constitutional privilege being enjoyed by ST population
of the state, the memorandum said.
The Association said that failing to address all the demands may compel them to launch
series of democratic mass movement.
State BJP calls for effective mechanism for inclusive devp.
ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)'s Arunachal Pradesh unit President
Tai Tagak appealed to the central government to explore effective mechanism for sustainable,
inclusive and participatory development in Arunachal Pradesh.
Attending the a meeting of the party presidents, general secretaries (Org) and State
Prabharies of North Eastern states at New Delhi yesterday, Tagak pointed out some
areas of major concerns and ‘lopsided’ approaches to development by the successive
Congress governments responsible for the present state of affairs in Arunachal Pradesh.
The meeting attended by party top brass, including National President Amit Shah,
National General Secretary (Org), Ramlal, National General Secretary (i/c NE States),
Ram Madhavji and National Vice President, Vinay Shashrabudhey critically reviewed
the strength of party organization in NE States, scope and responsibility before
the BJP after Narendra Modi led BJP Government came to power at the Centre, governance
and developmental matters of NE states etc.
In his inspiring address, Party President Shah said that the BJP is committed to
establish emotional connectivity, national unity and integration over political relation.
The party accepts the realities and would think and work something beyond the party
lines in the NE States, he said.
“Our area of work would be on national unity and integrity, expansion and strengthening
of party organization in all the NE states up to primary level units, make it people’s
own platform to voice their concerns and seek or get redressal their grievances,
to chalk-out proper strategies and mechanisms for eradication of corruptions and
improvement of development administration,” said Shah. He lauded the hard works and
untiring efforts by the party workers in the NE states.
Union Minister for DoNER and MoS to PMO Dr. Jitendra Singh outlined the activities,
programmes and policy of his Ministry. He highlighted Modi led BJP Government’s initiatives
towards the development of NE states. He told that the Ministry has planned to have
camps in every state of the region and central ministers would be visiting the NE
states and monitor various development programmes.
The meeting was also addressed by National General Secretary (Org) Ramlal, National
General Secretary (i/c NE States) Ram Madhav, National Vice President, Vinay Sahashrabudheyji
and Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju.
ATYO calls for strict vigil against corruption in land management
DAPORIJO, Mar 20: All Tagin Youth Organization (ATYO) has appealed to the state
Govt to keep strict vigil on Daporijo land management department and take stern action
against any staff if found involved in corruption in land allotment in the township.
The organization also appealed to the civil society, pressure groups and all communities
irrespective of any caste and creed to fight against the corruption especially against
land mafias of Daporijo who are allegedly responsible for the destruction of beauty
The organization further appealed to the Upper Subansiri Deputy Commissioner for
early submission of inquiry report on the recent Daporijo land scam to the Chief
Secretary’s office for further necessary action.
While condemning the alleged act of former DC Tahang Taggu and his subordinate in
Land Management department who were allegedly involved in land scam leading to rampant
encroachment and destruction of Govt. buildings, roads and other Govt properties,
the Organisation advocated for SIT enquiry and punishment of wrong doers as per the
Meanwhile, ATYO informed that, they have met Chief Secretary and Director of Land
Management and registered their protest against Govt land allotment including in
DC bunglow premises and Daporijo Daily Bazar allegedly by former DC to some vested
interest people. The organization claimed that both the CS and the land management
director assured necessary action.
Interface of Traditional and Modern Judicial Institutions in Arunachal Pradesh: An
Robin Hissang (MA,M.Phill.)
The judiciary in India is responsible not only for settlement of disputes among the
people or to punish the violators of law. It has also been given power to defend
the constitution and protect the right of the citizens. In Arunachal Pradesh, the
two judicial institutions are working: Traditional village council or village authority
for resolutions of conflict and disputes based on unwritten customary laws which
is well recognized by the people and the modern written law based on Indian Penal
Code (IPC) and Criminal Procedure Code (Cr.PC) including various criminal and civil
laws enacted by the Parliament of India and state legislature. In the time of interpretation,
adjudication and justice delivery process for different nature of cases by these
two judicial institutions based on different approaches often juxtapose each others
for same end which needs serious study. In the modern era, existing and legally recognition
of law adjudication by traditional village council based on unwritten customary laws
which contradicts the modern well accurate written law is the main focus of the paper
including to analyze its emerging reality.
Present Status of Traditional and Modern Judicial institutions
The traditional village council existed in India from ancient time. Sir Charles Metcalf,
(in Minute) the Provisional Governor-General of India (1835-36) also described them
as “Little Republic”1 for delivering justice based on Natural Justice (customary
law) what scholar defined it as Due Process of Law in judicial parlance. The justice
deliver system in Arunachal Pradesh are based on customary law being discharge by
the traditional village council through Gaon Burah(GB), Political Interpreter(PI)
and village elders. Verrier Elwin’s in his “A Philosophy of NEFA” too recognized
for “integrationist approach rather than imposition of modern system”2 by justifying
for growing of tribal life as per their own way of life with traditional arts and
culture1. Henceforth, village council is social sanction institution and even empowered
by The Assam Frontier (Administration of Justice) Regulation 1945(Act No.1 of 1945)
and The Assam Frontier (Administration of Justice) Regulation, 1945(Amendment) Act
2005(Act No.1 of 2005). The regulation was made to administer civil and criminal
justice in Arunachal Pradesh. Village authorities were institutionalized to help
the administration in consolidating peace and tranquility. Thus, Elwin describes,
“This regulation does, infact, give the tribal councils very wide powers, for it
is recognized that they will function and inflict punishment or order compensation
according to their customary law.”3
As per the section 5(1) and section 6(1) of The Assam Frontier (Administration of
Justice) Regulation, 1945. There will be village authority in the village as administrators
of the law and responsible to maintain peace and order within their village jurisdiction.
The village council governed based on principles of wise, wisdom and elders meaning
the elders should rule and most members of society should participate in ruling.
The third organ of government i.e. judiciary (law adjudication agency) are now fully
operationalise in Arunachal Pradesh after complete separation of judiciary from executive
in year 2012. The establishment of independent judiciary began with the setting of
Hon’ble High Court permanent Bench at Naharlagun in state level and constitution
of two District & Session Judge with well demarcated structured in the regional level
with proper defined the territorial jurisdiction i.e. Arunachal East Division with
HQ at Tezu under Lohit district for eastern region and Arunachal West Division HQ
at Yupia under Papumpare district for western region with three Additional District
and Session Court for zonal level viz. Additional District and Session Court at Basar,
Additional District and Session Court at Bomdila and Additional District and Session
Court at Pashighat for convenience of each zonal. For inter-district level viz.Chief
Judicial Magistrate-cum-Civil Judge (Sr.Division) at Roing, CJM-cum-Civil Judge (Sr.Div.)
at Aalo, CJM-cum-Civil Judge(Sr.Div.) at Yupia, CJM-cum-Civil Judge(Sr. Div.) at
Ziro and CJM-cum-Civil Judge(Sr.Div.) at Seppa for trial of one or more than one
There is Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr.Division) at Khonsa,
Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr.Division) at Yingkong, Judicial
Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr. Division) at Daporijo, Judicial Magistrate
First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr. Division) at Tawang and Judicial Magistrate First
Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr. Division) at Yupia for district. Subsequently, the government
had notified on 6th January 2014, for transfer of all pending cases from Deputy Commissioner
(both criminal and civil) to the courts of Chief Judicial Magistrate-cum-Civil Judge
(Sr.Division) and judicial magistrate-cum-civil judge (Jr. Division) for trial and
disposal thereof. Also, all kind of cases both criminal and civil shall be instituted
only in the court of CJM-cum-civil judge (Sr.Division) and JM-cum-Civil (Jr. Division).
So, actual functional of modern judiciary began in the state.
In order to become village authority members, educational qualifications, professional
degree, mandatory literate member are not require. A person having knowledge of oral
traditions and customary laws can be village authority member. They are appointed
by the Deputy Commissioner, so their power and functions can be cease any time even
can suspension, terminate as and when necessary. They are answerable to the DC. After
being chosen and appointed, they are given red coat as insignia of village authority.
This new institution of Gaonburahship symbolized government control through consent
(Sanjay Dubey: 1991, P.8.1). Another was the new class of Political Interpreters
(Kotokis) who were handpicked person chosen for their bilingualism and play as interpreters
of tribal customary law for settlement of disputes and maintain peace and order.
Paradoxically, mandatory literate person, professional law degree holder, educational
qualification, law background qualified person is only entitled to pleads and argue
in the modern court of law with certain formal dress code. They are appointed after
passing many processes of examinations and they are not answerable to the DC.
The name of traditional trial institution is different like ‘Nyelle’ in Nysihi tribe,
‘Kebang’ in Adi, Buliang in Apatani, ‘Keba’ in Tagin, etc. But, there is single uniform
modern trial institution all over the county i.e. Hon’ble Supreme Court, Hon’ble
High Court and Session Court both Senior and junior division court etc, judicial
magistrate etc. The village authority trial finalized after getting consensus decisions
of the village council after long deliberation by member. The decisions of the council
are supposed to come from the people and the Gams or headmen/ chief help only to
enforce it.4 Thus, there is larger scope for discussion and deliberations in the
village council, which paves the way for consensus or majority decisions. The customary
laws, traditional-history and religious-cultural are the main bases of the trial
and hearing. No written specific or accurate sections, sub-sections and provisions
are available for reference in related to any kind of cases (both criminal and civil).
The supernatural beliefs play important roles while making final verdict. In traditional
system, often oath and ordeal are used for conclusions of any decision for awarding
justice based on supernatural and customary laws. The duration of trial and deliberation
of speaker/ pleader is not fixed; it may long many days but may conclude even in
an hour too. The final decision and justice used to deliver early. But, in modern
trial and hearing process, court used to fix the date and time for trial and hearing.
The written acceptable constitutional provisions like IPC, Cr.PC(contained with accurate
defined sections for punishments of various nature of crime), various government
acts and rational views are the basis of trials under the proper supervision of professional
and experiences govt.judge, advocates, lawyer, and advocates. But, final delivery
of justice often delays.
(1 Report of the Congress Village Panchayat Committee, First Edition, (1954), B.B.
Gupta, quoted in Local Government in India, 1968, Central Book Depot, Allahabad,
2 Verrier, Elwin, (1943), Maria Murder and Suicide, London: Oxford, P.220, quoted
in Guha, Note 11, p.237 again quoted by David, Stuligross, Op. cit., p.501.
3. Verrier, Elwin, (1960), A Philosophy for NEFA, Shillong,, p.172.
4. Verrier, Elwin,(1988), Democracy in NEFA (reprint), Directorate of Research, Government
of Arunachal Pradesh, P.111, quoted by Rijir, Karlo, Op.cit., p.144.
Speaking of the Unspeakable: “Menstruation”
Why is a girl tagged as a big girl when she starts her periods? That’s rather harsh
even if you’re 14. But what if you’re just 8 or 9 years? Can a 9 or 10 years old
girl be able to take the sudden pressure of the menstrual taboos imposed on her all
of a sudden just because she started to bleed? Can such a little girl understand
why she is bleeding? Can a girl at such an age bear the sudden change of attitude
towards her from her own family? A girl when asked to talk on menstruation said she
doesn’t wants to tell her father that she has started her menstruation just because
she doesn’t wants her father to look at her differently, she wants to be his little
princess forever. Just imagine the impact the social stigmas have on the minds of
these girls who are forced to maintain the silence. Do we realise how much negative
impact is caused to a girl by all those so called menstrual taboos imposed on her.
A girl is deprived of the vital education she ought to have about her own body and
her self esteem and confident just takes the back seat all thanks to the so called
societal beliefs towards a menstruating girl.
It just makes me wonder why menstruation is flagged as unspeakable when it is as
natural as other functions of the body. It is just a shift of hormones. From shameful
secrecy, embarrassment to silly humour there’s almost a century of social stigmas
packed into that shift which otherwise is a normal biological phenomenon. Menstruation
across cultures around the world has always been and is still treated with silence.
It is considered as taboo topic with menstrual blood viewed as unclean and dirty
limiting women and adolescent girl’s access to relevant and important information
about their own bodies. Such is the state of the impact of such menstrual stigmas
that instead of celebrating being women which symbolises that a girl is healthy and
that she has a wonderful gift to be a mother but girls across the world hates it
because the attitude of those close to her changes when she starts her periods. Taboos,
even long forgotten ones, have chains so powerful to enslave us. Why to steal the
freedom, the right of girl based on the taboos created by misconceptions and myths
about a normal body process: menstruation. Menstruation is an identity of being a
What is most concerning is that the first shock and the embarrassment in most cases
start from homes. At homes older women often considered wise are often illiterate
and uneducated themselves and may recount and reinforce myths related to menstruation
that are biologically incorrect. Mothers and elderly grandmothers are still contributing
a lot to the tabooing of menstruation and the process of showing and embarrassing
young girls on its account. By restricting their daughters to speak about it in front
of the male members of the family even if the male is your own father starts the
negative teaching about menstruation and passing the confusion filled with embarrassment
through the generations. Once I had my periods on the day of some traditional rituals
were to be done at home, my mother gave me a good scolding as I made it happen and
i was made to stay at my aunt’s place for three days. I wasn’t allowed to enter the
bedrooms of my father and brother and was not allowed even to have my meals before
they had theirs until my periods ended. That was an utterly an unnecessary punishment
just for being a women. At a time a cousin of mine staying with us had her periods
on the day my brother had an interview scheduled. My mother scolded her the entire
day saying she will bring bad luck to my brother. But my brother got that job and
taking this as a tool I made her realize and understand that menstruation has nothing
to do with ones luck.
School adds more in hushing the topic instead of creating the much needed awareness
on the topic. There is usually a lack of physiological education in schools. This
is often attributed to predominantly male science teachers feeling uncomfortable
in teaching such a subject, especially if they have not received formal training
in how to do so. This topic is often left out for self study. Instead of sensitizing
on the topic in a coed session, most schools go for segregation. The girls are separately
taught to maintain menstrual etiquette on how to behave before others especially
before the males during menstruation. No school teaches the boys that Menstruation
is a normal biological process and one need not change his or her attitude towards
menstruation. Such way of teaching creates a gap among the young and it only spreads
the negativity further.
Even when purchasing sanitary napkins girls are often meet with startled looks,
hushed voices starts surrounding her and the napkin is wrapped in a paper than put
into a black polythene bag as if it is a curse to see such a packet. A girl bleeds
most of their life with variety of symptoms from passing out via great tranches of
pain to glassy lobotomised exhaustion. Yet, girls are not supposed to talk about
this vital part of their life. Why that essential part is expected to go entirely
unspoken? What we don’t realize is that it is a topic made to be well known to both
the sexes. The stigmas and social restriction imposed might result in spreading the
ignorance on scientific facts and hygienic health practices during menstruation which
sometimes may result in adverse health outcomes. What needs to be understood is that
menstrual hygiene is an important risk factor for reproductive tract infection, a
vital aspect of health education for adolescent girls and women. It is difficult
to predict when and where you will experience your first menstruation (Menarche).
Having a prior positive knowledge about menstruation will help in dealing with such
a situation in a much better way.
Because of the negative attitude of the societies towards menstruating girls, girls
across culture views menarche (first menstruation) as negative experience and there
are reports stating that for some it has been horrifying, frightening, shocking and
confusing. Menstrual etiquette is something to be learned not only by girls but by
the boys too. It is not only girls who need to grow up but the society as a whole
too. Only positive teaching can change the societal outlook towards a menstruating
woman. In order for women and girls to live a healthy, productive and dignified life
there is a need to provide healthy family education and awareness to both the sexes.
Menstruation is an important sanitation issue which has long been into the closet
now it is time to let it out as it is no longer a women issue it’s now a human issue.
All we need to do is break free from the shell and come out of this culture of shame,
embarrassment and silence. We women need to be the change to see the change.
Important facts on menstruation:
What is menstruation?
Menstruation (men-STRAY-shuhn) is a woman’s monthly bleeding. When you menstruate,
your body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb). Menstrual blood flows from the uterus
through the small opening in the cervix and passes out of the body through the vagina.
Most menstrual periods last from 3 to 5 days.
What is the menstrual cycle?
When periods (menstruations) come regularly, this is called the menstrual cycle.
Having regular menstrual cycles is a sign that important parts of your body are working
normally. The menstrual cycle provides important body chemicals, called hormones,
to keep you healthy. It also prepares your body for pregnancy each month. A cycle
is counted from the first day of 1 period to the first day of the next period. The
average menstrual cycle is 28 days long. Cycles can range anywhere from 21 to 35
days in adults and from 21 to 45 days in young teens.
The rise and fall of levels of hormones during the month control the menstrual cycle.R
What happens during the menstrual cycle?
In the first half of the cycle, levels of estrogen (the “female hormone”) start to
rise. Estrogen plays an important role in keeping you healthy, especially by helping
you to build strong bones and to help keep them strong as you get older. Estrogen
also makes the lining of the uterus (womb) grow and thicken. This lining of the womb
is a place that will nourish the embryo if a pregnancy occurs. At the same time the
lining of the womb is growing, an egg, or ovum, in one of the ovaries starts to mature.
At about day 14 of an average 28-day cycle, the egg leaves the ovary. This is called
After the egg has left the ovary, it travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus.
Hormone levels rise and help prepare the uterine lining for pregnancy. A woman is
most likely to get pregnant during the 3 days before or on the day of ovulation.
Keep in mind, women with cycles that are shorter or longer than average may ovulate
before or after day 14.
A woman becomes pregnant if the egg is fertilized by a man’s sperm cell and attaches
to the uterine wall. If the egg is not fertilized, it will break apart. Then, hormone
levels drop, and the thickened lining of the uterus is shed during the menstrual
What is a typical menstrual period like?
During your period, you shed the thickened uterine lining and extra blood through
the vagina. Your period may not be the same every month. It may also be different
than other women’s periods. Periods can be light, moderate, or heavy in terms of
how much blood comes out of the vagina. This is called menstrual flow. The length
of the period also varies. Most periods last from 3 to 5 days. But, anywhere from
2 to 7 days is normal.
For the first few years after menstruation begins, longer cycles are common. A woman’s
cycle tends to shorten and become more regular with age. Most of the time, periods
will be in the range of 21 to 35 days apart.
When does a girl usually get her first period?
In the United States, the average age for a girl to get her first period is 12. This
does not mean that all girls start at the same age. A girl can start her period anytime
between the ages of 8 and 15. Most of the time, the first period starts about 2 years
after breasts first start to develop. If a girl has not had her first period by age
15, or if it has been more than 2 to 3 years since breast growth started, she should
see a doctor.
How long does a woman have periods?
Women usually have periods until menopause. Menopause occurs between the ages of
45 and 55, usually around age 50. Menopause means that a woman is no longer ovulating
(producing eggs) or having periods and can no longer get pregnant. Like menstruation,
menopause can vary from woman to woman and these changes may occur over several years.
The time when your body begins its move into menopause is called the menopausal transition.
This can last anywhere from 2 to 8 years. Some women have early menopause because
of surgery or other treatment, illness, or other reasons. If you don’t have a period
for 90 days, you should see your doctor.
How often should I change my pad?
You should change a pad before it becomes soaked with blood. Each woman decides for
herself what works best. (The writer is Scientific Officer, Arunachal Pradesh State
Council for Science & Technology, ESS- Sector, Itanagar)
Through your esteemed daily, I would like to ventilate the impending problem that
Post Graduate students of Rajiv Gandhi University are going to face. Although it
has not been officially confirmed, it is learnt that the APPSCCE Mains 2015 has tentatively
been scheduled in the month of May. Here it is pertinent to mention that the semester
exam of RGU is also held in the same month (May) every year. There are hundreds of
students from RGU who are also going to appear in APPSC Mains. If the APPSC does
not change the tentative schedule , it would mean a curtail to our Right of Equal
Opportunity in matters of public employment under state as mentioned in Article 16
of the Indian constitution. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) also asserts
that no competitive exam conducted by Public Service Commission should coincide with
the exam schedule of UGC. Besides, being the premier recruiting agency of the state,
Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission should give recognition to the students
of the only University of state by providing them a chance to appear in this coveted
examination of APPSC Mains.
Hence I would like to request the Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission to
conduct the APPSCCE Mains in any suitable time but NOT in the month of May.
Need for deeper rational thinking
Religion, if it's pursuit of god, then it has become the most ungodly endeavour of
the mankind in practice down the centuries and more so today. It has become the biggest
reason for exclusivity, divisions, disunity, fighting & destructions leading to perpetual
human sufferings. The Creator, god, if there be one, didn't ever manifest before
human nor will it ever happen in the eternity. However, godly & supernatural manifestations,
the universe, the Mother Nature & all its sacred entities have mysterious and eternal
existence for the human to revere for harmony of living and that’s the only path.
The supernatural system, its entities and the processes are perfectly interlinked
in omnipotent manner with everything working in tandem and there is no scope for
any seclusion. Yet we human always keep the habit and practice for exclusivity and
differentiated pursuits even within our own race and that’s where we have been going
wrong. Perhaps, the acclaimed rational thinking which is a fundamental characteristic
of the modern age needs to get more rational and liberal. Because, in the ancient
and medieval age, human fought, killed and earned misery on the basis of religion
since they were considered devoid of modern thoughts. And today, when human societies
across the world are distressed for the same reason, then present human does not
deserve to be rightful inheritor of the dignified value titles modern, godly. This
supernatural system has gifted lives and he is godly. So religion, if that leads
to perpetual human sufferings is devoid of god and godly and harmony of life and
society will remain ever elusive. A perfectly irrational and hypothetical blissful
space in afterlife, heaven is misleading the minds. But the creator, the god didn't
ever send any human to make a sojourn, experience blissful heaven and come back in
the world to preach. There is need for deeper rational thinking. Persistent endeavours
to exist in reverence with the godly supernatural will only bring harmony in the
present life and may be better ticket to better after life, if there be one.
It does not suit you
If we carefully read the national and international news published in our dailies,
we would find that many of the news are just cut & paste news. In some instances
the sentences would be half or some words would be missing. Even the Arunachal Times
too adopt this mechanism of cut and paste. The Press of our state is most respected
one and this silly mistake doesn't suit you.
All email and surface mails must be accompanied with contact numbers and full postal
address. Do keep writing but please make sure that letters are short and to the point.
---- Editorial ----
Mini hydel is the solution
A report published today in the local dailies about successful restorations of two
mini hydel stations has caught the attention of the people of Arunachal. As per the
report micro hydel station (MHS) of Pacha at Seppa in East Kameng district and Sessa
in West Kameng district was successfully restored by the department of electro-mechanical
under hydro power development, Bomdila. With the restoration of Pacha MHS (2x1.5MW)
and Sessa MHS (3x500KW), Seppa and its adjacent villages are now getting uninterrupted
power supply. Earlier Seppa was reeling under darkness for the last two months due
to the breakdown of Pacha MHS.
This news once again shows that Arunachal can meet their electricity needs by constructing
small mini hydel stations. State does not need construction of large number of big
hydropower projects to meet the electricity demands. Government of Arunachal should
re-look the hydropower policy. Big dams should be constructed in small number to
create job opportunities and to generate revenue. Government should not construct
big dams wherever local populace is opposing it. It’s time Arunachal government adopt
new hydro policy which is beneficial to the people of state and not the corporate