---- Editorial ----
Railway accident on rise
Every time there is a train accident, the question of ‘safety’ in Indian railways
is expected to arise. The recent train accident in Uttar Pradesh near Muzaffarnagar
have again set off a debate on the issue of railway safety in our country. The conspiracy
theory of derailment by terrorist leading to accident is overshadowing the failures
of Indian railways. In the last three year several major rail accidents have killed
hundreds of people across India. The Times of India reported that 50% of train accidents
in most recent years have been because of derailments, of which 29% were brought
about by track defects. Against this background, it’s far-fetched for a government
to publicise the introduction of Bullet and Maglev trains without tending to the
‘essentials’, for example, security and safety issues, first.
Indian Railways currently utilise ICF (Integral Coach Factory) coaches for all of
their trains barring a few exceptions. ICF coaches have a long history of squashing
into each other, when crashes occur. The Indian railways need crucial measures, for
example, ensuring independent and regular audits of railway safety and the changing
of all the old ICF coaches to modern LHB (Link Holfmann Busch) coaches (which are
currently used in the Rajdhani, Shatabdi and Duronto rakes) – as proposed by the
Anil Kakodkar board in 2012. Out of the 106 proposals suggested by board, the railway
ministry had acknowledged 69 recommendations and 19 others partially. Be that as
it may, work has begun on just 22 of these proposals in the most recent five years.
The board of trustees was constituted in 2012 and the suggestions were to be implemented
in five years. This exposes the lack of intent on the part of the government to improve
the rail safety. Also so far no concrete action has been taken against any officials
for the negligence. Everyone will forget about accident after some days and then
everything will be back to square one.
---- Readers Forum ----
Rationalization of teachers
It has been rightly pointed out that recent rationalization of teachers was influenced
by nepotism. In fact it was just eyewash. Govt. tried to show that she is very serious
about education scenario of the state. But only few schools were targeted for rationalization.
In rest of school/areas transfer was made randomly. Whereas government had stated
earlier that transfer will be on the basis of length of service of teachers in the
As for example here, I would like to inform all the readers that only around 38-40
SSA teachers were transferred in entire Lower Subansiri district. No regular teacher
has been transferred yet. Most of these transferred teachers are those who were in
the school for last 5-6 years only. Whereas those teachers who are in the particular
school since their first appointment and for last 10-12 years have not been affected
by rationalization. In middle and secondary schools of Ziro-I block, there are many
SSA and regular teacher who are in particular school for last one decade or more.
Atleast, they should have been transferred within a block level for a change.
Like Ziro- I block, same is the story of other areas of the state.
Now public/parents are talking that actually government was never interested /serious
in improving the condition of education sector of the state . Government was just
seeking some excuse in the name of rationalization of teachers to target their opponent.
As government is not serous in rationalization of teachers , we appeal to student
union like APPSU, Apatani Student Union (ASU) etc to raise issue with competent
and concerned authority.
Everybody knows that in Arunachal Pradesh crime seems to be increasing day by day.
I want to ask all the cops of Arunachal Pradesh what’s going on. What’s happening?
Many girls are too scared to walk alone on roadside. I am also one of them.
Because of fear of crime, we don’t feel safe at all especially, increasing crimes
Please provide freedom and security to all girls because every girl must have freedom
to live unafraid.
So I request the concerned police authority to wake up from their long slumber and
pull their socks up. Please increase night patrolling not only for heinous crimes
but also common nuisance of gang of guys in every nook and corner having their good
Human resources has turned into liability
This refers to Dhurjati Mukherjee's article, "Rising unemployment" (Features, August
9, 2017). The employment to population ratio is a clear indicator of what is the
general outcome of much hyped disinvestment policy that has become both UPA and NDA
governments' talisman since 1991. While employment to population ratio was 58.6 per
cent in 1994, it has, alarmingly, come down to 52.2 per cent in 2013. This lopsided
liberalization policy has turned India's huge human resources into a liability.
Sujit De, Kolkata
Creation of Indigenous Faith and Cultural Affairs
Recent cabinet approval for creation of a Department of Indigenous Faith and Cultural
Affairs has been well received by people of all communities and faiths. It will go
a long way in preservation, promotion and protection of rich cultural heritages of
the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.
Pema Khandu led cabinet deserves applauses and special gratitude from the autochthons
of the state whose indigenous beliefs, faiths, practices, customes and tastes and
attitudes and outlooks latent in them since the primeval times are at the brink of
However, the government need some serious thoughts over the functional structure
and recruitment processes of the department and its cadres from the beginning itself
or else the ideals underlying the noble objective of creating such organizational
setups would be defeated owing policy defects. It should be marked by ability, long
term vision and purpose keeping in mind the technical nature of the department and
a state of as diverse as ours symbolized by plurality of its culture and vast heterogeneous
Culture, to be precise could be understood as a sense of ultimate values possessed
by a particular society as expressed in its collective institutions, by its individual
members in their dispositions, feelings, altitudes and manners as well as in significant
forms which they give to material objects.
It shouldn't be confused with just songs, dramas and theatrical performance which
a particular department of the state and the commoners sought to assume and understand.
Material culture component consists of man made objects and physical substances which
has been changed and used by man while non-material culture consists of the words
people use or the language they speak, the beliefs they hold, values and virtues
they cherish, habits they follow, rituals and practices they do and ceremonies they
Religion and its beliefs, practices and faith in its wider sense is the very soul
of culture and religion as the inner realisation of the highest truth and spiritual
consciousness can never be opposed to culture. Again culture is learnt, its social,
is shared, continuous and cumulative, consistent and integrated, dynamic and adaptive.
Significantly, culture is the treasury of knowledge as it provides all which is essential
for physical, social and intellectual existence of man. And Language, which is considered
as wheel of culture helps not only the transmission of knowledge from generation
to generation but also its preservation, accumulation and diffusion.
All the indigenous faiths, beliefs, practices and goals found among the primitive
religion and cultures of Arunachal tribes are conventional or customary in nature.
They could play an important role in the development agenda of the state.
It would be, therefore more befitting and farsightedness if the mandate of this new
department emphasizes on inclusive and long term policy and planning frameworks of
preservation and conservation of all forms of art & culture through research, seminars,
conference, symposium, workshops, festivals, discourses, exhibitions, production
of dance, drama, music and performing arts and promotion of cultural and monumental
heritage, arts letters, antiquities, artifacts and other creative endeavours.
And preferably only highly qualified and really deserving candidates with master’s
degree in Anthropology, Sociology, Linguistics and Tribal Studies may be considered
for absorption to the positions and cadres against sanctioned posts for the new department.
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