Siang Rider win Onyok Moyong memorial cricket tourney
PASIGHAT, Dec 06: Siang Rider Cricket Club won the 6th Onyok Moyong Memorial Cricket
Tournament defeating Mirku Cricket Club by 48 runs in the final at IGJ Hr Sec. School
playground here yesterday,
Deciding to bat first after winning the toss, SRCC scored 114 runs in 20 over by
losing 9 wickets. Chasing the target Mirku CC could score a paltry 66 runs in 17
over losing their all wickets.
Oni Dai of SRCC was declared man of the match for his 18 runs and 4 wicket haul.
India Taruk of SRCC, who scored 107 runs and took 12 wickets, was adjudged as the
man of the series.
The winner was awarded cash prizes along with a trophy while the defeated team was
given cash prize.
Former AAPSU leader Tobom Dai and ABSU chief adviser Onong Perme gave away the prizes
to the winning and runners up teams.
The tourney was organized by All Bogong Students’ Union (ABSU), informed Mingge Tasung,
Gen. Secy. ABSU.
A major breakthrough for PPA: Ringu
ITANAGAR, Dec 6: Kamen Ringu, Chairman, CWC, PPA said “the voices of dissents against
the self style functioning of Nikh Kamin, MLA, within the party, leading to his removal
from the post of president, PPA and subsequent appointment of Khafa Bengia as the
interim president, PPA, is a major breakthrough for the growth of the party.
Misquoting the word “unconstitutional” against a democratically agreed upon decision
within the party executive members to appoint the interim president is very unfortunate,
“The legislators of the party are our assets, our pillars and we have no problem
with any of our party legislators. But the question is about the expected role of
a president in the party”, Kamen added.
In a meeting held on 28th Oct’ at State Guest House, Naharlagun, Kamin had declared
to step down voluntarily from the post of president, PPA within a day or two, Ringu
clarified on why Show-Cause Notice was not served.
NNA felicitates women achievers
ITANAGAR, Dec 6: The Nyishi Nyem Acham (NNA) during its 8th foundation day has felicitated
five women in recognition of their contributions to the society, especially in the
field of education.
The women from poor economic background, who despite all odds, stood firm on their
feet and worked hard to educate their children, are Bengia Yaku of Kurung Kumey,
Mache Tara Yangfo of East Kameng, Yame Hiri of Upper Subansiri and Tana Yaja, Papum
Pare and Sigum Ligu of Upper Subansiri.
Among those felicitated, Bengia Yaku and Tana Yaja are widows. Yaja runs a tyre repairing
shop while Yaku has taken up farming activities as her livelihood.
A book titled “Nyishi Marriage systems, Laws and Property Rights of Women and Girl
Child” was also released on the occasion.
PHED & WS Minister Takam Pario and Parliamentary Secretary (Tax and Excise) Tapuk
Taku,, Nyishi Elite Society president Bengia Tolum attended the foundation day celebration
at Nyikum Nyia Hall, Nirubjolli and spoke about the gender equality and empowerment
of women in the community.
ABVP marks Ambedkar’s death anniversary
ITANAGAR, Dec 6: Social Equality day was celebrated at Govt. Secondary School, Roing
to mark the death anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar today by conducting an essay writing
competition on the topic 'Social equality in society' among students.
Bijoy Baraik and Amushu Mimi, both students of class 9, bagged the first and second
positions respectively in the competition. Both the first and second prize winners
were given trophies with certificates.
More than 300 students took part in the competition organized by Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi
Podi Barbi celebrated at Aalo, Mechukha
AALO, Dec 6: The Podi Barbi Festival of Adi community was celebrated with much fanfare
and traditional gaiety at Donyi Polo Dere complex, Aalo yesterday.
Addressing the gathering on the occasion, a senior citizen of Rumgong Tabong Mibang
expressed his satisfaction over the way the community has cohesively exposed their
rich culture in a bigger way. It is a step towards preservation and promotion of
our age-old culture, he said adding festivals are celebrated in different names but
essence is all alike.
Speaking on the occasion, Aalo DDI Gomar Angu said that religion and culture are
different identities and mixing the two will erode the cultural values that give
us a distinct identity. He appealed the youth to turn up for Job Mela held from time
to time and take up vocational trainings in their quest for self employed avenues.
Chief Patron of the festival, Tayor Jempen, retired Govt officer also spoke on the
Podi Barbi Festival Celebration Committee President Komi Rida, general secretary
Tajen Podo spoke on the significance and mythological aspects of the festival. Prizes
were also distributed to the winners of football, volleyball for men and women, cultural
competitions and achievers.
Earlier, the community members observed two minute’s silence as a mark of respect
to the departed soul of former Chief Minister Late Jarbom Gamlin, reports DIPRO.
MECHUKA: OSD to CM, Dr. Hatobin Mai while attending the Podi Barbi festival of the
Adi community of Mechukha sub-division here on Friday urged the locals attending
the festivity to preserve their age-old customs and tradition irrespective of which
faith they follow.
"No matter which religion you're affiliated to, you must prevent your culture from
vanishing in the mists of time," Mai said. He also said that while welcoming modernity
is acceptable, modernity itself should not be allowed to erode one's inheritance
from one's forefathers.
Marveling at the natural beauty of picturesque Mechuka, Dr Mai urged the denizens
to extend hospitality to visitors in order to tap the area's tourism potential of
the area. He further advised the people of Mechuka, which is inhabited by five different
tribes, to ensure peaceful co-existence and to maintain brotherhood while underscoring
peace as the pre-requisite for development.
ABK says no to IMFL, seeks temporary suspension
PASIGHAT, Dec 6: Adi Bane Kebang(ABK) has said no to IMFL and has sought temporary
suspension from selling it in the coming festive season.
The demand was placed at a coordination meeting between ABK Women Wing and IMFL dealers
which was attended by Deputy Commissioner Nidhi Srivastava, SDO Judicial Alen Pertin
and Superintendent Tax and Excise T&E) Tabor Tapak.
Raising their voice, the women activists urged the DC to impose ban on sale of IMFL
for twenty days during the ensuing festive season.
Dr. Runi Tasung presenting official data informed that road accidents due to alcoholism
were on an increasing trend.
“Our children die each year from various alcohol-related cases” she said.
The owners on the other hand said that twenty days closure during festive season
would badly affect their business.
They agreed to have a discussion on the issue at the earliest.
While responding on twenty days ban on sale of IMFL, DC stated that demand can be
considered if government directs to do so.
Srivastava assured that the administration will take stern action and that the administration
will intensify vigilance.
DC Srivastava appealed all to create a safe and healthy environment for future generations.
ABK (WW) President Yalem Taga Burang, opined that teen motor vehicle crashes are
preventable and proven strategies could improve the safety of young drivers on the
road. When young people try alcohol, they often do not realize the damaging effects
drinking can have on their own lives, their families and their communities, she said.
Giving permission to open wine shops in such a large number in and around the township
will promote alcoholism and the town has already seen a rising trend of crime in
the areas where wine shops are operating, she said.
Jt. Secy (Pub) Jaya Moyong said that issuance of liquor Licenses should be restricted.
Another explicit video clip emerges from Daporijo
Daporijo, Dec 6: In yet another shocking incident, an explicit video clip has rocked
Daporjo town. The explicit video involves an ITBP personnel and a local girl of Upper
Subansiri district and has been in circulation for quite some time now through mobile
All Tagin Youth Organization in a press release informed that the ITBP personnel
has been identified as Ashok Shippy, reportedly hailing from Jammu and Kashmir,
who was earlier posted at Tamachukchu, under Lemiking circle.
He allegedly made the video clip at a rented apartment and later circulated it. ATYO
alleged that the ITBP man had forcefully developed sexual relationship with the girl
and used the video to blackmail her.
Allegedly, he threatened the girl with dire consequence if matter was brought before
Meanwhile, the Organisation has demanded that the ITBP personnel is arrested at the
earliest and given exemplary punishment. It threatened to launch democratic movement
if govt fails to arrest the culprit.
The state was left shocked in 2011, when a video of teenage boy and girl emerged
involving police officers from Daporijo police station.
On June 12, 2009, police picked up the boy and the girl, both minors, and forced
them to have sex inside the police station, while they recorded it on a mobile phone.
The clip was in circulation for more than two years, but in 2011 boy's father filed
a complaint with the police after he came to know about it.
People have expressed their anguish over the circulation of the video but no one
has come forward to stop the circulation of the video clip nor registered a case.
Rare tumor removed from a dog
ITANAGAR, Dec 6: In what could be first in the state and a very rare case in veterinary
practices, a 700 gm tumor was surgically removed from the abdomen of an adult local
dog at State Veterinary Hospital Naharlagun recently.
The tumor comprised 10% of the total body weight of the dog which is equivalent to
6 to 7 kg in case of human beings.
A team of veterinary doctors led by Dr. Ojing Rukbo SVO and Dr. Sorang Tadap VO performed
the exploratory surgery. It took about 3 hours to remove the tumor from the abdomen
of the dog.
“It was a very rare case and a happy moment for us as the tumor didn't damage the
internal organs like kidneys, liver etc. So the chance of survival was very high
provided good post-operative care" said Dr. Ojing.
It was the owner of the dog who willingly agreed and supported the doctors to perform
the surgery. In many cases, the pet owners usually feel reluctant to let the vets
perform any sort of surgeries, the vets said. The reason is that owners feel that
their pets will die or it will be difficult to face post-surgery complications.
The vets said that most pet owners bring their pets to the hospital/clinics only
when their pets become very weak. By that time, the condition of the patient deteriorates
to such an extent that it hardly response to any treatments given.
Renovation of rural roads in Pasighat-West demanded
RUKSIN, Dec 6: Even though the state government has executed several road projects
in East Siang district, the surface communication in Ruksin sub-division located
at vulnerable inter-state boundary with Assam is yet to be improved.
The 14-km long Mirem-Mikong-Jonai (MMJ)) PWD road, which connects Mirem, Mikong and
Bilat areas with Ruksin has been lying un-repaired for the last several years. Despite
repeated placement of schemes by the departmental officials for renovation of the
important road, the concern authority has not yet sanctioned the same till date.
However, local MLA Tatung Jamoh has initiated some minor repairing works of the road
through his Local Area Development (LAD) fund. The renovation process of the road
portion from Ruksin gate to Mikong village is currently in progress.
The MLA has also submitted a proposal to the state PWD demanding renaming of the
road as “Mirem-Mikong-Ruksin (MMR) road”.
Locals say the repairing works, especially filling up of large potholes, have given
some respite to the users of the road.
They urged the MLA to manage some more fund for repairing of many other vital link
roads, like road from NH-52 to Niglok via Linka village and Mikong-Mangnang-Baromile,
which are lying unattended for years.
The historic MMJ road is the lifeline for the interior villages of Pasighat-West
and other parts of neighbouring Assam. It is also a subway from Ruksin to Pasighat
and also lifeline for the villagers as most of the food items and agricultural products
are transported to this area through this route.
It is worth mentioning that, the Ruksin Block Seva Dal activists, with the help of
business communities last month conducted some minor repairing works of the road
at Ruksin town.
National Lok Adalat dispose huge number of cases
ITANAGAR, Dec 6: A total of 351 cases were disposed off out of the 1510 listed today
at the National Lok Adalat all over the state.
Criminal compoundable cases stood at 589 of which 155 were disposed off followed
by bank recovery cases which stood at 368 of which seven were settled. MV challan
cases stood at 305 of which 125 were disposed off.
Highest award of motor vehicle claims totaling Rs 64,40,000.00 (Rupees sixty four
lakhs and forty thousand) were awarded by
the bench headed by Budi Habung, Dist and Sessions Judge, Yupia and Hirendra Kashyap,
Magistrate, Yupia. A total of 125 criminal cases were disposed according to an information
received from Dani Belo, OSD, Arunachal Pradesh Legal Services Authority.
Reports from Sagalee, Likabali and Anini are awaited.
Meanwhile, a total of six cases, five criminal and one civil were disposed off by
the District Legal Services Authority (DLSA), Upper Siang district on Dec 5. Altogether
21 fixed cases (19 criminal and 2 civil) were brought before the district judicial
court in presence of Dr. Tariq Thomas, chairman DLSA, Habung Tangu JMFC, Jumte Jini
EAC and other members during the second National Lok Adalat. DIPRO
Assam Police patrolling in Arunachal territory: ANSU
ITANAGAR, Dec 6: Assam forest officials and police have been reportedly patrolling
inside the territory of Arunachal Pradesh since last two weeks and harassing the
people of Tasumso, Jullung, Tolumso and Radaso under Tarasso circle of Papum Pare
district, stated an All Nyishi Students’ Union (ANSU) release.
According to the ANSU release, Assam Police have been conducting such illegal patrolling
activity due to the absence of adequate Arunachal Pradesh Police force in the boundary
An ANSU team, which visited the affected areas and interacted with the public to
take stock of the current situation, said that one person from Tolumso village was
also assaulted by Assam forest officials and Assam police on November 24 in the guise
While condemning the act of harassment and patrolling by Assam forest officials and
Assam Police within Arunachal territory, the ANSU appealed to the Arunachal Pradesh
Government to deploy adequate police force at the affected areas to counter the illegal
ANSU also appealed to Assam Government to respect the sentiments of people of Arunachal
and stop illegal patrolling within Arunachal territory.
The 50-Year of Higher Education in Arunachal Pradesh - The Journey Thereof
Dr. Joram Begi
Arunachal Pradesh, the 24th state of the Union of India, is located in the north-
eastern corner of the country. With a size of 83,743 Sq km, it is the largest in
area amongst the 8 states of the region and has the longest international border
(1,680 KM) bounded with Bhutan, China and Myanmar. Historically, it was known as
‘terra incognita’ till the beginning of the 20th century. Gradual administrative
penetration and slow developmental interventions were made only after independence
of India. Late starting of education is evident from the official record of having
only 3 Lower Primary schools with enrolment of 35 students in 1947. When the first
ever census was conducted in the state in 1961, the literacy rate stood at 7.23%
against all India figure of 28.30%. Now the literacy rate has gone up to 66.95% against
all India figure of 74.04% (as per 2011 census) and the number of schools has now
increased to 3712 with enrolment of 438165 students (source: Directorate of School
As per as higher education of Arunachal Pradesh is concerned, the first college of
the state, the Government College, Pasighat, later on renamed as Jawaharlal Nehru
College, was established on 4th July, 1964 with enrolment of 42 students. After a
gap of 15 years, i.e., on the 4th September 1979, the 2nd college of the state, the
Government Degree College, Itanagar later on renamed as Dera Natung Government College,
was established. The college initially started as an Evening College. Thus, the starting
of higher education in the state was not only late but also very slow.
However, in 1984 two important institutions came up. On 4th February the foundation
stone of the Arunachal University, later on renamed as Rajiv Gandhi University, was
laid by Mrs. Indra Gandhi the then Prime minister of India. On the same day in the
following month, another foundation stone was laid for North Eastern Regional Institute
of Science & Technology (NERIST) by Shri Gyani Jail Singh, the then President of
A Study Centre of the Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi was established
in the premises of D.N. Government College, Itanagar during 1986-87 for the whole
state. Later, this was upgraded to a Regional Centre, Naharlagun and many new Study
Centres and Sub-centres throughout the state were established.
The third and fourth state government colleges were established at Tezu and Bomdila
in 1986 and 1988 respectively. These colleges are known as the Indra Gandhi Government
College, Tezu and the Government College, Bomdila. The progress of higher education
in the state was so slow that even after the completion of a quarter century since
the establishment of the first college, i.e., by 1989 there were only 7 higher educational
institutions in the state.
After a long gap of 8 years, 3 more colleges came up. These are, the Rang Frah Government
College, Changlang (1996), the Donyi Polo Government College, Kamki (1996) and the
Wangcha Rajkumar Government College, Deomali (1997).
The slow growth of higher educational institutions in the state is evident from the
Map-1 (showing the distribution of higher education institutions in Arunachal Pradesh
up to 2000) that by the close of the 20th Century there were only 10 higher education
institutions in total.
However, by the turn of the 21st Century, the number of higher education institutions
started increasing steadily. The 2nd central government funded higher education institution
in the state, the College of Horticulture and Forestry, under the Central Agriculture
University, Imphal, was established in 2001.
The year 2002 was a landmark year of higher education for 2 reasons. Firstly, the
Rajiv Gandhi Polytechnic, Itanagar, the first technical education institution by
the state government, was established with funding from World Bank under Technician
Education-3 Programme of MHRD, Government of India. Secondly, private sector participation
in higher education started with the establishment the Don Bosco College, Jully and
the North East Homeopathic Medical College & hospital, Itanagar in the year. It was
immediately followed by the establishing a number of colleges under private sector,
St. Claret College, Ziro (2003), Doying Gumin College, Pasighat(2004), Tomi Polytechnic
College, Basar(2006), St. Francis De Sales College, Aalo (2007), Central Institute
of Himalayan Culture Studies, Dahung (2007), Arunachal Law Academy, Naharlagun (2007),
Arunachal Community College, Itanagar (2009), Ranjjeev College of Fine Arts, Itanagar
(2009), Mahabodhi Lord Buddha College, Namsai (2013).
Considering the ever increasing demand of higher education, especially to reduce
the heavy rush of students for admission in D.N.G. College, Itanagar, the state government
resumed expansion after a gap of 10 years (since 1997), by establishing the Government
College, Yachuly (2007), the Government College, Seppa (2009), the Government College,
Nyapin (2009), the Government College, Doimukh (2012), and the Government College,
Arunachal Pradesh has the distinction of having the highest percentage of untrained
teachers. During 2004-05 the number of trained teachers was recorded as 36.38%. (Source:
Education in Arunachal Pradesh since 1947. By Joram Begi). This was because of not
having any teacher training college in the state other than the Education Department
in Rajiv Gandhi University. Considering the necessity, a number of private B.Ed.
colleges had come up. These are, the Hills College of Teacher Education, Lekhi (2006),
D Ering College of Teacher Education, Pasighat (2009), M.T.M College of Teacher Education,
Ziro (2010), Teacher Training College, Aalo (2011), Siang Royal Academy, Pasighat
(2011), Denning College of Teacher Education, Tezu (2013).
In 2012 a new development took place. The Legislative Assembly of Arunachal Pradesh
enacted, vide Act. No 6 of 2012, to establish a private university called the Indira
Gandhi Technological and Medical Sciences University, Ziro. This was followed by
establishment of many such other universities in the state namely, the Venkateshwara
Open University, Naharlagun (2012), the Arunachal University of Studies, Namsai (2012),
the Apex Professional University, Pasighat (2013), the Himalayan University, Itanagar
(2013) the North East Frontier University, Aalo (2014), the Arunuday University,
Jully (2014) and some more are under process.
The state government also expressed its good intention to establish a state government
university by enacting the Arunachal Pradesh University, Pasighat, Act (2012). However,
the Act is yet to be implemented. Mean while, initial steps towards Arunachal Pradesh
University has been taken by establishment of 2 post graduate departments namely,
History and Geography in J N College during academic year 2012-13.
Considering the heavy demand in the state for B.Sc. (Agri.) courses, an Agriculture
College under the Central Agriculture University, Imphal was established at Pasighat
The year 2014 has been a very significant year for higher education in the state.
As it has been said earlier, this year is the Golden Jubilee Year of higher education
of the state. Making the occasion befitting, the state, especially under the government
sector, established the ever largest number of higher education institution in a
single year. These are 5 government Polytechnics at Namsai, Roing, Pasighat, Laying
and Dirang; 2 Government Degree Colleges at Geku and Naharlagun (Women College),
Science Stream in Indra Gandhi Government College, Tezu and Commerce Stream in Government
College, Bomdila. In addition to passing of 2 Private University Bills through the
state Legislative Assembly, as mentioned earlier, A private college called Venerable
Uktara Bethany College, Manmow,Namsai and a B.Ed college called Kasturba Gandhi Institude
of Higher Education, Roing have been established during the current year. Thus, the
total number of higher education institution has increased to 53 in the 50th year
of its journey (See Map - 2 Showing distribution of Higher Education Institutions
in Arunachal Pradesh up to 2014 and Fig. - 2 Growth of Higher Education Institutions
in Arunachal Pradesh during last 50 years).
This may not be out of place to mention here that the state government has also decided
to establish 6 more Model Degree Colleges at Palin, Basar, Jemi Netko (Near Roing),
Jairampur, Longding and Charju (Near Khunsa) and 9 more Polytechnics at Towang, Chayangtajo,
Ziro, Daporijo, Yingkiyong, Anini, Hawaii, Miao and Khunsa. All these institutions
are sanctioned under GOI Schemes and the constructions are on now. (See Map-3: Showing
the distribution of higher education institution in Arunachal Pradesh including the
This massive quantity expansion has always been accompanied by Quality Assurance
measures. To prepare road map for the state higher and technical education system
in terms of both physical expansion and quality control, the Higher and Technical
Education Conference has been held regularly in every year. The conference is participated
by the policy makers, policy implementers and other stake holders of higher education.
The recommendation of the conference is accepted and implemented by the state government
meticulously. One of the important recommendations was to introduce Semester System
in all under graduate courses. Accordingly, the RGU, the affiliating university,
introduced Semester System in all colleges in face manner, B.Sc. and B. Com. from
the academic year 2013-14 and B.A from 2014-15.
Another important and persistent recommendation of the conference has been for assessment
and accreditation of all higher education institutions of the state by the National
Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bengaluru. By the persistent effort of the
State Level Quality Assurance Cell (SLQAC) under the Directorate of Higher and Technical
Education, most of the eligible institutions have been assessed and accredited by
the NAAC. So far the grading of the institutions ranges from B++ to C++ in previous
9 point scale and A to B in present 3 point scale.
It is a matter of pride for the state that the J.N. College, Pasighat which is celebrating
its Golden Jubilee this year, was graded B++ in 2008, has been awarded A Grade this
year by NAAC. The college is also declared as a College Potential for Excellent (CPE)
under UGC Scheme.
It is evident from this high grading of the state higher education institutions by
the national assessment and accreditation body that the state higher education system
is very much at par with the national standard.
Two statutory bodies namely, the Arunachal Pradesh State Council of Technical Education
and the Arunachal Pradesh State Higher Education Council are function under the Directorate
of Higher and Education. The APSCTE was established by the Arunachal Pradesh State
Council of Technical Education Act.2010. The council is responsible for maintenance
of the standard of technical education in the state. It also designs course curriculum,
conducts examination and awards Diploma to all polytechnic colleges of the state.
Of late, it has also started conducting the Arunachal Pradesh Joint Entrance Examination
for selection of candidates for admission in various technical and professional courses.
The directorate has earned a rare distinction by declaring the result within 24 hours
and maintaining transparency and accuracy while selecting and nominating candidates.
The Arunachal Pradesh State Higher Education Council (APSHEC) is an autonomous body
functioning at arm’s length from the state government. It has been created recently
through an Executive Order by the state government. It has yet to be accorded statutory
status by enacting an Act through the state Legislative Assembly. Rashtriya Uchchatar
Shikshya Abhiyan (RUSA), a flag ship programme recently launched by Ministry of Human
Resource Development, Government of India operates under the said council. As per
the scheme, there is a paradigm shift on funding of state’s higher education system.
Accordingly, strengthening the infrastructure of the existing higher educational
institutions, new institutions like Model Degree Colleges and Engineering Colleges
to come up within the next few years will be taken up under this scheme. Even the
Arunachal Pradesh University, Pasighat can be funded handsomely if the state government
makes it functional by providing a little seed money.
The demand for higher education in the state is ever increasing. Despite the fact
that thousands of students from the state are going out to other states of the country
for pursuing various technical, professional and even general courses, the enrolment
of higher education institutions in the state is increasing at a rate of 20% every
year. In fact, this year incremental rate is more than 30% (Enrolment has increased
from 32862 last year to 41670 this year). This is because the transition rate of
students completing higher secondary school and entering higher education in Arunachal
Pradesh is more than 90% against All India rate of 67.5%. As such, the state has
been able to achieve 23% Gross Enrolment Ration (GER) (within the age group of 17-23)
in the current academic year against All India GER of 19.4% (2013-14).
However, there are certain concern areas. Lack of adequate infrastructure, especially
in government colleges, has been always a major concern. Infrastructures of old colleges
are out lived while new ones scantily provided. Acute shortage of man power, both
teaching and non teaching are another area of major concern. In the current academic
year (2014-15) the total enrolment of students in government colleges has increased
to 22660 whereas the total sanctioned posts of teaching position is 401.Thus, the
teacher student ratio of government colleges stands at 1:56.5 against national average
of 1:24 . Teaching and non- teaching is 1:0.39% against laid down norms of 1:1.1.
In other words, against 10 teachers there should be 11 non- teaching staff whereas
in case of the government colleges of the state, there are 3.9 non-teaching staff
against every 10 teachers (Source:- DHTE).
The reason for the acute infrastructure and man power shortage is due to low percentage
of expenditure on higher education out of the total GSDP. Arunachal Pradesh spends
0.3% of its GSDP on higher education whereas; Government of India spends 1.5% of
GDP on higher education. Most of the Northeastern region states spend 1% to 1.35%
of their GSDP on higher education (Source:- MHRD).
Another issue that will need some in-depth scrutiny is the establishment of a large
number of private universities in the state. Five private universities have been
already established (3 in 2012 and 2 in 2013). The state Legislative Assembly has
passed Bills in 2014 to establish 2 more private universities. Some more universities
also seem to be in the pipe line. Perhaps, for a small state like Arunachal with
a total population of only 13, 82611 (Census 2011), having such a large number of
private universities is a subject of debate and certainly raises eyebrows. Moreover,
there are already 3 university level Government institutions (RGU, NERIST and NIT)
which are rendering yeoman service in providing quality higher education and is adequate
to cater to the need of the higher education sector of the state for now. Besides,
Arunachal Pradesh University Pasighat is also coming up shortly. Proper guidelines
in the form of regulation mechanism will be required to oversee the functioning of
these private universities. The state should also learn from the experience of Chhattisgarh
during 2004-05 and Meghalaya in recent years.
Higher Education is undoubtedly, the ‘most powerful tool to build a knowledge based
society’ for the future. As such, the funding of the state higher education system
should be considered as a long term social investment for promotion of ‘economic
growth, cultural development, social cohesion, equity and justice’ for the future
of this upcoming state.