July 15


News Impact


ABSU decries govt move

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: All Bogong Students Union (ABSU) has decried the move initiated by the state government to regularize the encroached lands in the state saying that it is a very ‘short-sighted’ decision taken with ‘ulterior motive’.

While reiterating its ‘25-year-old’ single-point demand to the Government for complete eviction of land encroachers of Pasighat town area, ABSU, in a meeting resolved that any failure on the part of authority to evict the land encroachers within a month or two would compel the land donors to reclaim their donated land.  “Non-compliance with the decision of the union by the government would be followed by reclaiming of all the donated lands within the township by the traditional land owners,” ABSU threatened.

It further stated that the revenue to be deposited against each inch of land should be finalized so that the traditional land owners could deposit the same in the office of the Deputy Commissioner claiming their ownership over the land through traditional Kebang systems, the release added.


Solve big issues: ANYC

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: All Nyishi Youth Council (ANYC) today urged the state Govt to place the illegal land allotment to non-APSTs  and boundary  issues before cabinet for  amicable solution.

Referring to the recent cabinet decision to regularize encroached land, the ANYC said instead of taking up big issues like land allotment to non-APSTs and inter-state boundary problems, the state Govt has concentrated on small issues like regularization of encroached land, which, it said, is unfortunate.

Claiming that dozens of non-APSTs have been allotted land in capital complex, ANYC  alleged that  state Govt takes action against land encroachment problems related to poor indigenous people, not against the  politicians and bureaucrats who captured Govt land.


ARF reacts

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: While reacting to the press statement of Arunachal Pradesh Congress Committee (APCC), Arunachal Righteous Forum (ARF) today clarified that it is not fighting against state Govt or  any political parties, but against the corrupt politicians/officers and corrupt practices.

Earlier, APCC criticized the ARF for demanding resignation of  Power (E) and RD Minister Tanga Byaling and trashed all allegations leveled against the minister.

Claiming that  it has sufficient documentary evidence to prove that  the minister is a corrupt politician, the ARF, which was formed in the year 2010,  said, it  needs no any publicity as alleged by the APPC.  The Forum requested the Chief Minister to remove such corrupt minister from his government.


Awareness campaign on malaria held

ITANAGAR, Jul 14:  In its effort to create awareness among the people on malaria, All Arunachal Pradesh Malaria Employees Association (AAPMEA) organized an awareness campaign at Tegdoriang and Sanglom-Hapa Village on Saturday.  

Distributing mosquito nets to villagers, the  association suggested people to keep their premises clean and use mosquito net to avoid  mosquito bites.


Tree plantation

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: Over 1000 saplings were planted in educational institutions of Runne, Taki Lalung, Sibut, Tekang, Yagrung and Kangkong in presence of all the Goan Burahs, panchayat leaders of Bosing Block and members of All Bosing Banggo Students Union.

The seedlings were provided by the Divisional Forest Office, Pasighat.

The plantation programme was inaugurated by Bosing block ZPM Namuk Taloh and All Bosing Banggo Students Union president.

While describing the importance of planting trees for a healthy environment, the ABBSU president advised the students to study hard and respect their teachers.

Discussions on global warming, ecological balance and  preservation of wildlife were held besides discouraging Jhum cultivation for preservation of forests.


Monks get computer education

ITANAGAR, Jul 14:  In its maiden attempt to make Monks computer literates as part of its civic action programe, the 4th Battalion of Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITPB) Tawang gave basic computer education course to the Buddhist monks of Tawang through M-Tech computer institute.  Padmashree Award winner Lama Thupten Phuntsuk gave away the certificates along with cash prizes to meritorious students of first and second batch.  

Meanwhile, the 3rd and 4th batch was opened by Tawang Monastery head lama Lopon Nawang Norbu.  

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Contribution of Gorkhas will never be forgotten: Sonam

Staff Reporter

BOMDILA, Jul 14:  Along with rest of the world, Nepali community residing in Arunachal observed   the 198th birth anniversary of legendary poet Acharya Bhanu Bhakta who translated Ramayana from Sanskirt to Nepali. Thousands of delegates from across India thronged  Bomdila on Friday   to participate in the celebration which was being organized by All West Kameng Gorkha Welfare Society (AWKHWS).

Greeting the Nepali community on the occasion Arunachal Pradesh Building and Others Construction Workers Welfare Board (APBOCWWB) Chairman Jalley Sonam said, “Arunachal will never forget the contribution of Gorkha brethren in building its infrastructures since its inception as a state”.

Sonam further asserted that Nepalis are treated well in Arunachal and they are as much Arunachalees as any other indigenous people.  Later Sonam paid floral tribute to Acharya Bhanu Bhakta.

He added that such occasion should be used to promote the brotherhood among Nepali people with indigenous Arunachalis to further strengthen the relationship.

Kaalu Rai, President AWKHWS appealed to government of Arunachal Pradesh to consider granting of permanent residential certificate (PRC) to Nepalese settled in Arunachal prior to 1960.

He also said that community people have been deprived of ration cards and electoral enrollment even though they have been staying in West Kameng for decades.

Responding to a verbal representation submitted by Rai regarding granting of permanent residential certificates, Sonam assured to place the grievances before the government.  Shubh Bhadur Rai, Northeast Chief Coordinator of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha who came from Darjeeling called upon Nepali people to be united in preserving the age old tradition and culture. As part of celebration various cultural programs were displayed.

Among others present of the occasion was District Transport Officer West Kameng Padang Sangyu.

Pasighat: “Preserve culture or perish,” advised  Minister Bosiram Siram while attending the Bhanu Jayanti Utsav 2012, organized by  Nepali Sanskriti Suraksha Parishad (NSSP), Pasighat at Solung Ground Pasighat today.

History stands witness to many Civilizations  and Cultures which perished as they were not properly preserved, added Siram. He appealed all to follow the principles and ideals of Bhanu Bhakt who was not only a poet and philosopher but a great social reformer also. The young generation should emulate him so that the community regains its glorious era. The Nepali community is known for their valour, hard work and simplicity, he said  while asking them to maintain the same spirit.

He appealed them to desist from consuming alcohol as it the root cause of many evils.

The minister congratulated and appreciated Purna Br. Chettry (BM, Rural Bank) for his revolutionary concept of cricket called Tenner Cricket which has been submitted to the BCCI and ICC. The book  was released on the occasion by the minister.

ADC SC Debnath while highlighting the contributions of Bhanu was all praise for the Nepalese community for their contributions in the field of nation building and their patriotism. Spiritual development with strong ethics and high morality is the need of the hour, the ADC added. He hoped that the celebration will go a long way in reviving the community. The achievers of the community in various fields were felicitated.

The day-long programme included various traditional songs, dances and plays.



NBCC Cleanliness Day

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: The Churches under Itanagar and Poma Pastoral Range conducted  social services at their respective church to mark the Nyishi Baptist Church Council (NBCC) Cleanliness Day.

Flower and tree plantation were organized in most of the churches while some churches conducted cleanliness drive.

Over 780 believers from 14 churches from Itanagar and Poma Range carried out the social services.

Likha Loma, Pastor of both Itanagar and Poma Range supervised the social services. The members of Baptist Church Model Village also observed the first Cleanliness Day programme under NBCC today by organizing cleanliness drive at Church compound and the village areas.



Toppers, achievers of Nyishi community felicitated

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: Altogether 30 students and two professional achievers belonging to Nyishi community were felicitated  at a function hosted by the Nyishi Elite Society (NES) and All Nyishi Students’ Union (ANSU) at Dera Natung Government College  here today.

The felicitated student toppers and achievers included 14 Class X students who scored 10 CGPA in board examination,  six Class XII students (Humanities -3 and Science -3),  two students who topped in Arunachal Joint Entrance Examination and finally eight toppers who topped in Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Combined Competitive Examination 2012.

“Such felicitation motivates me to study harder for coming examinations” said, Heri Tatt a Class X student from RKM Narottam Nagar who secured second position. NES President Bangia Tolum congratulating the meritorious students said, ‘When you achieve a milestone, it is the beginning of another milestone or a learning point for another achievement’. Adding that the sky is the limit for the toppers, Tolum urged the toppers  to achieve more in their career. Lauding the APPSCCE toppers, he expressed hope that they would do justice to their jobs. Encouraging the students to be a good human being, he said ‘You must be a good human being and the rest will follow”.

Lokam Tassar, Parliamentary Secretary also spoke in the occasion. He said “Toppers should not limit themselves to 100 percent  marks rather work harder and serve the community as a whole”

Higher and technical education director, Joram Begi, congratulated the toppers saying that  they are the ‘heroes and herions’ of  today’s functions.” You are the pride of the community and we are all proud of you, however you must strive harder to  excell in both state and national level, ” advised the director.

Earlier, ANSU president Sikka Gapak  in his address said, ‘Our society as a growing society and therefore we require proper initiative.’ He hoped that the toppers will take their responsibilities well.

Amongst the distinguished guests, Indira Mallo Jain, Cultural Secretary, Bengia Tadh, Former President NES, Tajuk Charu, Director of Printing, Kipa Babu, former MLA, Bengia Yakar, Circle Officer, Naharlagun, Bengia Hemanta, legendary singer and Arjun Panye, ANSU general secretary were also present.



Rain compels residents to spend sleepless night

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: Heavy downpour on Friday night gave a sleepless night to the residents in some vulnerable areas of Seppa township.

The feeder drain of Ato-Polo and Ane- Donyi colony were damaged by rain water at some locations resulting in blockade of the main drains and water entering inside the nearby houses. The dwellers were seen busy clearing the drains and water.

At Pagiwa colony, a washed away log bridge over Pagia stream, which prevented the school going children from reaching school, was restored today. The dwellers were guarding round-the-clock during the night for fear of over flowing of the Pagia stream.

However, there was no major loss of public and private properties.

The Chairman and Secretary of Ane-Donyi and Ato-Polo Colony informed that such problem happens every year during monsoon season in those colonies.



Purity of rivers

Lota Singhi,

In bygone days, people respected the territory of nature in our state. They never encroached as human beings and nature confined within their respective places. Now it seems we have lost all those practices and faith resulting in disastrous consequences.

The sacred beliefs about the rivers and environment have totally been erased off from the mind of new generation resulting in global warming and endangered flora and fauna.

In olden days people of Kameng region considered the river Kameng as sacred. The people never crossed the river until they have paid their prayers in the form of sacrificing animals to the holy goddess of the river. One believed that the deity of Kameng River could curse those who crossed the river without paying their prayers and rituals.

The large rivers in the Kameng region are Kameng, Pappu, Pachung, Pacha, Pachi, Para, Pachuk, Pakke and Panya. It is a mythological belief that these rivers belongs to the same family.

River Kameng is the eldest among all sisters as well as most trustworthy and it has flown farthest amongst all. It flows until the point where all small rivers connect with each another. She further carries the rivers till she merges with Brahmaputra.

Pappu River, one believes was dearest to her mother and has many U-Turns  in the plain areas of Pappu Valley in East Kameng. It is believed that the emotional Pappu River had lots of affection and tried turning its course often to have a glimpse of her parents while she was sent away to another place as a bride thus leaving marks which still exist.

The river Pachuk was most disobedient of the family due to which her parents had cursed her with ashes at the time she left as a bride. Since she was not adored much by her parents, she left for her marital home with nothing except a curse of her parents. Therefore the colour of the river Pachuk is ash, which still prevails. Today the modern people of the region have lost their emotional relationship with the rivers. They have lost all those feelings of respect and fear for the rivers and its mythically soul. As the wave of modernity have blown away all those love and affection of people towards nature and polluted the virginity of river, there is a great threat from the environment.

Rivers needs immediate help from being slaughtered by human beings through different practices such as use of bleaching powder, explosives, electrocution just for the sake of killing fishes in the name of enjoyment, adventure or for selling.



Awareness Campaign under SDI Scheme

ITANAGAR, Jul 14: A six-member team led by the Principal, ITI, Tabarijo, organized Awareness Campaigns under Skill Development Initiative (SDI) Scheme based on Modular Employable Skills (MES) at three remote circles of Upper Subansiri district namely; Taliha, Puchi-Geko and Baririjo circles from July 9 to 11.

T. Raksap, Principal, ITI Tabarijo, while highlighting the objectives, importance and scope of the MES scheme, asked the youth of the district to engage in self employment activities adding that development of skill is of paramount importance to succeed in any trade.

Informing about the training, the principal said that the Industrial Training Institute , Tabarijo would provide vocational training on various courses like Repair of Home Appliances, House Wiring, Computer Fundamentals, MS-Office and Internet and Computer Networking  approved by National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) to  school drop outs, workers, ITI graduates, etc to improve their employability by optimally utilizing the infrastructure available in the Institute.  The existing skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under this scheme, Raksap said adding that Modular Employable Skills is the ‘Minimum Skills Set’ which is sufficient for gainful employment or self employment in the world of work.

He further informed the participants about the existing 25% relaxation in fee for SC/ST and woman candidates. The minimum age limit for person to take part in the scheme is 14 years with no upper age limit.

Ikar Lollen, Instructor (IT&ESM), Pekir Ete, Instructor (Electrician), Ningo Hagging, Instructor (W/Cal. & SC), Lomi Muri, Instructor (Engg. Drawing) and Tania Richi, Instructor (Secretarial Practice), ITI, Tabarijo delivered their valuable speech as the Resource Persons of the Awareness Campaign in three circles.

Altogether 155 trainees attended the programme at Taliha,  132 trainees at Muri-Mugli under Puchi-Geko Circle and 75 trainees at Maro under Baririjo circle.

Among them Panchayat leaders, Govt. officers, Teaching Staffs, Leaders of various Student Organizations, unemployed youth and Public of respective Circle have taken part in the programmes.



Matyrs Cup

Gyangkhar FC to meet Nehru Market FC in final

Tawang, Jul 14: Gyangkhar FC would lock horns with Nehru Market FC in the final of the 1962 Matyrs Cup Football tournament at Tawang on July 16.

Gyangkhar FC beat Shyo FC 2-1 in the first semifinal while Nehru Market FC pipped Pangchen Valley 1-0 in extra time in the second semifinals today.

Shyo FC was leading the match 1-0 through a penalty kick before the play was stopped for a while due to poor visibility. On resumption of the play, Gyangkhar FC made a marvellous come back and scored two goals in quick succussion few minutes before the final hooter to seal the fate of Shyo FC.

The second match was taken to extra time after both the teams failed to score during regular time.

A large number of spectators that consisted of team supporters and sports lover of the border town braved extreme weather condition to witness exhilarating sporting event of the season.

The 1962 Martyrs Cup Football Tournament is jointly organized by the NGO – YUVA and the Indian Army in memory of the brave soldiers of Indian Army, who made supreme sacrifice in the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The tournament is sponsored by Dorjee Khandu Trust with Pema Khandu, Minister RWD and Tourism as Chief Patron.

Altogether,  16 teams participated in the tournament  and the inaugural match was played on June 29.

Despite harsh conditions like high altitude, inclement weather, poor visibility and muddy ground, the participating teams displayed excellent talents and played the matches with absolute discipline and team spirit.  

Not a single incident of scuffle or verbal abuse was witnessed on or off the field during the tournament.

Sixteen best players of the tournament would be selected for comprising the district team to participate in the  State Level Tadar Tang  Memorial Football Tournament.



Awareness on small family marks World Population Stabilization Fortnight

ITANAGAR, Jul  14: Awareness campaign emphasizing on small family was organized to mark the World Population Stabilization Fortnight at District Hospital Khonsa today with theme “Khushhali Ka Adhar: Chhota Parivar”  (Small family is happy family).

DRCHO Dr.K.Perme informed the participants that world population stood at 7,025,071,966 on July 9 where India’s contribution is 1.22 billion (17.5% of total world population). Significance of World Population Day observation, the consequence of population explosion, illiteracy, unemployment and global warming wre also highlighted.

Various family planning methods available in the district for availing were exhibited and demonstrated by Dr.K.Matey. Contraceptives and condoms were also distributed free of cost on the occasion.

The ZPMs of Khela, Gosak, Khonsa and Lazu blocks were also present and spoke on the occasion.

The meeting was attended by ASM’s, eligible couples and ASHA’s of Khonsa block.

Earlier on July 12, a health camp was also organized by the District Health Society Khonsa as a part of the ongoing World Population Stabilization Fortnight at Sanliam village near Lazu

Poor Men’s Medicine- “Generic Medicines”

(An Article written for public awareness)


Dr. Rima Taipodia, Ph.D

A generic drug (generic drugs, short: generics) is a drug defined as "a drug product that is comparable to brand/reference listed drug product in dosage form, strength, route of administration, quality and performance characteristics, and intended use”. It has also been defined as a term referring to any drug marketed under its chemical name without advertising.

Generic drugs are subject to the regulations of the governments of countries where they are dispensed, although they may not be associated with a particular company. Generic drugs are labeled with the name of the manufacturer and the adopted name (nonproprietary name) of the drug.

As the original formulation, a generic drug must contain the same active ingredients. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), generic drugs are identical or within an acceptable bioequivalent range to the brand-name counterpart with respect to pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. By extension, therefore, generics are considered (by the FDA) identical in dose, strength, route of administration, safety, efficacy, and intended use. The FDA's use of the word "identical" is very much a legal interpretation, and is not literal. In most cases, generic products are available once the patent protections afforded to the original developer have expired. When generic products become available, the market competition often leads to substantially lower prices for both the original brand name product and the generic forms. The time it takes a generic drug to appear on the market varies. In the US, drug patents give 20 years of protection, but they are applied for before clinical trials begin, so the "effective" life of a drug patent tends to be between seven and 12 years.

Sometimes medicines have more than one name

Most often medicines will have more than one name:

n A generic name, which is the active ingredient of the medicine

n A brand name, which is the trade name the manufacturer, gives to the medicine.

The official medical name for the active ingredient of the medicine is the generic name. The brand name is chosen by the manufacturer, usually on the basis that it can be recognised, pronounced and remembered by health professionals and members of the public. An example would be Viagra - this is the well-known brand name given by Pfizer to the generic medicine sildenafil. (Brand names are capitalised; generic names are not.)

The Process Of Naming

The pharmaceutical company put it through a series of clinical trials when they discovers a new generic drug to treat or prevent a condition, in order to gain approval for marketing from the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). The MHRA is a government body responsible for ensuring that all medicines that reach the UK market meet appropriate standards of safety, quality and efficacy. If the clinical trial results show the new drug to be safe and effective for the condition in question, the MHRA approves the drug and gives it a licence.

The pharmaceutical company can then market the generic medicine under a brand name once the licence has been granted by the MHRA. The company then has exclusive rights to market the medicine for the licensed uses for a certain period of time, usually about 10 to 12 years. This is known as a patent, and allows the drug company to recoup the costs of research and development of the new medicine, before other drug companies are allowed to produce it as well. Other drug companies are likely to be able to produce and sell the medicine at a cheaper rate, because the research and development has already been done.

Other drug companies then have the right to manufacture and market the generic drug once a patent expires. However, they must market it under a different brand name, or under its generic name.

For instance, to treat impotence, sildenafil (Viagra) is still under patent and so can currently only be marketed by Pfizer. Once the patent expires, we can expect to see other pharmaceutical companies marketing potentially cheaper versions of the generic medicine sildenafil, either under different brand names, or simply as the generic sildenafil.

On the other hand, Ibuprofen is a much older medicine and can already be bought under various different brand names, eg Nurofen (made by Reckitt Benckiser), Brufen (made by Abbott) and Anadin ultra (made by Wyeth Consumer Healthcare), to name but a few. All of these contain ibuprofen as the generic medicine. Ibuprofen can also be bought simply as ibuprofen tablets, made by various different manufacturers who market it without a brand name.

Economics of generic medicines

For significantly lower prices than their branded equivalents, generic drugs are usually sold. One reason for the relatively low price of generic medicines is that competition increases among producers when drugs no longer are protected by patents. Companies incur fewer costs in creating generic drugs (only the cost to manufacture, rather than the entire cost of development and testing) and are therefore able to maintain profitability at a lower price. The prices are low enough for users in many less-prosperous countries to afford them. For example, Thailand has imported millions of doses of a generic version of the blood-thinning drug Plavix (used to help prevent heart attacks), at a cost of 3 US cents per dose, from India, the leading manufacturer of generic drugs.

Effect of generic


Consumer may have a choice between a branded medicine and the generic version of that medicine when a doctor is writing a prescription, or a consumer is buying an over-the-counter medicine. Generic medicines are sometimes cheaper than brand-name medicines, but the active ingredient (the ingredient that produces the therapeutic effect of the medicine) is the same in both.

Inactive ingredients are contained in medicines also, which are used to formulate the active ingredient into a tablet, liquid, cream or other preparation. These inactive ingredients are called excipients, and different manufacturers do not always use the same ones when formulating their product. This is why medicines containing the same active ingredient, but made by different manufacturers, may vary in appearance. The excipients used may create small differences between them, such as in colour, or the amount of time it takes for a tablet to dissolve in the gut and be absorbed into the bloodstream, but these differences are rarely significant, which is why generic and branded medicines are (with a few exceptions) interchangeable.

Prescription medicines

To dispense whatever the doctor has written on the prescription, all high-street pharmacists are obliged by law. If your doctor has prescribed a medicine by its brand name, your pharmacist must dispense that brand. However, if a medicine has been prescribed by its generic name, your pharmacist can dispense whatever version of the medicine they have available, because each version will have the same therapeutic effect, regardless of whether one manufacturer makes the tablets a different shape or colour. As a result your regular medicines may vary in appearance each time you renew your prescription. Generic prescribing like this is one of the ways in which the NHS can save money that can be better spent elsewhere.

To this, there are a few exceptions. There are a handful of medicines that your doctor must prescribe by the brand name because the inactive ingredients do affect the action of the medicine. If you take any of these medicines it is important that you always take the same brand, because different brands of these medicines may differ significantly in the way they are absorbed. If a different brand than usual is taken, the blood levels of the active ingredient could stray outside the required therapeutic range. If the amount in the blood becomes too low, the effect of the medicine may be lost; if the amount in the blood becomes too high, there may an increased chance of side effects. Your pharmacist will always make sure you receive the correct medicine, but if you are taking any of these medicines it is also wise for you to know which brand you normally take.

Always check with your pharmacist, who will be happy to explain any discrepancies, If you are ever concerned that the medicine you have been given is different to what you normally take.

Do remember that if you have a particular reason for wanting a particular version of a medicine, although generic prescribing is an important cost-saving mechanism for the NHS, for example because you find that size and shape of tablet easier to swallow, or because it is a different colour from your other medicines and stops you getting confused between them, that your pharmacist should normally be happy to always give you that version.



You can usually be sure that generic or own-brand medicines will be cheaper than their branded equivalents when you buy medicines without a prescription to treat minor ailments. As long as both medicines contain exactly the same active ingredients at the same strength (always check the packaging), the generic or own-brand medicine will ultimately have exactly the same effect as the branded one and thus could save you money. If you have any questions about buying branded or generic medicines over-the-counter you should ask your pharmacist for advice.

Generic drugs, are they as good as brand names?

Generic drugs have exactly the same dosage, intended use, effects, side effects, route of administration, risks, safety, and strength as the original drug. Hence, generic drugs are copies of brand-name. In other words, their pharmacological effects are exactly the same as those of their brand-name counterparts.

An example of a generic drug, one used for diabetes, is metformin. A brand name for metformin is Glucophage. (Brand names are usually capitalized while generic names are not.) A generic drug, one used for hypertension, is metoprolol, whereas a brand name for the same drug is Lopressor.

Because generic drugs are often substantially cheaper than the brand-name versions, many people become concerned. They wonder if the quality and effectiveness have been compromised to make the less expensive products. The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) requires that generic drugs be as safe and effective as brand-name drugs.

Because the manufacturers have not had the expenses of developing and marketing a new drug, actually, generic drugs are only cheaper. When a company brings a new drug onto the market, the firm has already spent substantial money on research, development, marketing and promotion of the drug. A patent is granted that gives the company that developed the drug an exclusive right to sell the drug as long as the patent is in effect.

Manufacturers can apply to the FDA for permission to make and sell generic versions of the drug, as the patent nears expiration; and without the startup costs for development of the drug, other companies can afford to make and sell it more cheaply. When multiple companies begin producing and selling a drug, the competition among them can also drive the price down even further.

Thus there's no precision in the myths that generic drugs are manufactured in poorer-quality facilities or are inferior in quality to brand-name drugs. The FDA applies the same standards for all drug manufacturing facilities, and many companies manufacture both brand-name and generic drugs. In fact, the FDA estimates that 50% of generic drug production is by brand-name companies.

Generic drugs take longer to work-is an another common misbelief. The FDA requires that generic drugs work as fast and as effectively as the original brand-name products.

Sometimes, generic versions of a drug have different colors, flavors, or combinations of inactive ingredients than the original medications. Trademark laws in the United States do not allow the generic drugs to look exactly like the brand-name preparation, but the active ingredients must be the same in both preparations, ensuring that both have the same medicinal effects.

Modernizing and streamlining the generic drug approval process is the need of the hour. It should also aim to increase the number and variety of generic drug products available. Hence, the involvements, roles and contributions from state government as well as NGO’s toward this sector is anticipated because having more generic-drug options means more cost-savings to poorer people, as generic drugs cost about 30 percent to 80 percent less than brand name drugs.

(The writer is a STO, and former consultant (APTPS) to the state planning department,  govt. of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar.)