---- Editorial ----
BJP ahead in presidential poll race
The NDA today selected Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind as its nominee for the upcoming
Presidential election. BJP President Amit Shah announced his name. Mr Kovind, who
hails from Kanpur district of Uttar Pradesh, is a senior lawyer and BJP leader. He
belongs to Scheduled Caste community known as Dalit. The opposition Congress has
said decision by the BJP to choose Ram Nath Kovind as NDA nominee for Presidential
elections has been taken unilaterally. Party has been calling for the need to build
consensus to elect new president.
CPI (M) has indicated that it is opposed to the NDA nominee as Mr Ram Nath Kovind
was associated with RSS's dalit wing. NDA ally Shiv Sena is also reportedly not happy
with choice of candidate. It will be interesting to see how opposition reacts to
nomination of a Dalit leader. Congress and several other socialist parties have for
years thrived on Dalit vote. BJP has made their life difficult by fielding a dalit
candidate. Though opposition parties may be ideologically opposed to candidature
of Ram Nath Kovind because of his past association with RSS, the pure symbolism of
him being dalit candidate is hard to ignore. BJP has scored first goal in the race
to elect new president and has put immense pressure on opposition. For now the opposition
looks weakened and directionless.
---- Readers Forum ----
A brief history of Arunachal
Through your esteem news paper, I would like to share the history of Arunachal Pradesh
with reference to the 1935 act of India.
The North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) (formerly the North-East Frontier Tracts) was
one of the political divisions in British India and later the Republic of India until
1972, when it became the Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh. Its administrative
headquarters was Shillong, until 1974, when it was transferred to Itanagar.
Divisions of the North-East Frontier Agency in 1963
In 1914, some tribal-majority areas were separated from the erstwhile Darrang and
Lakhimpur districts of Assam Province of British India to form the North-East Frontier
Tracts (NEFT). The NEFT was initially divided into two sections: the Central & Eastern
Section (comprising the erstwhile Dibrugarh Frontier Tract, created in 1882, and
some more areas in south) and the Western Section. Each section was placed under
a political officer. In 1919, the Central and Eastern Section was renamed as Sadiya
Frontier Tract, while the Western Section was renamed as Balipara Frontier Tract.
In 1937, Sadiya and Balipara Frontier Tracts along with Lakhimpur Frontier Tract
(also created in 1919) of Assam Province came to be collectively known as the Excluded
Areas of province of Assam under the provisions of Government of India Act, 1935.
By Regulation 1 of 1943 (The North Eastern Frontier Tracts (Internal Administration)
Regulation 1943) Tirap Frontier Tract was created by amalgamating certain areas of
Sadiya and Lakhimpur Frontier Tracts, after which a new regulation named as THE ASSAM
FRONTIER (ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE) REGULATION, 1945 was made by the Governor of
Assam by exercising his power as given in subsection (2) of section 92 of Government
of India Act, 1935. which prove to be a landmark step in history of NEFT, NEFA, later
to emerging of state of arunachal Pradesh. In 1946, Balipara Frontier Tract was divided
into two administrative units: Sela Sub-Agency and Subansiri Area.
After the independence of India in 1947, NEFT became a part of Assam state. In 1948,
Sadiya Frontier Tract was bifurcated into two districts: Abor Hills district and
Mishmi Hills district. In 1950, the plain portions of these tracts, (Balipara Frontier
Tract, Tirap Frontier Tract, Abor Hills district and Mishimi Hills district) were
transferred to the Assam state government and the rest became one of the Tribal Areas
in Assam state (under part-B of the table appended to paragraph 20 of the sixth schedule
of the Indian constitution). In 1951, Balipara Frontier Tract, Tirap Frontier Tract,
Abor Hills district, Mishmi Hills district and the Naga tribal areas were together
renamed as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA).
On 26 January 1954 the North-East Frontier Agency was divided into six frontier divisions:
Kameng (formerly Sela Sub-Agency), Subansiri (formerly Subansiri area), Tirap (formerly
Tirap Frontier Tract), Siang (formerly Abor Hills district), Lohit (formerly Mishmi
Hills district) and Tuensang. On 1 December 1957, Tuensang was separated and attached
to the newly formed Naga Hills district to form Naga Hills-Tuensang Area. On 1 August
1965 the administration of the agency was transferred from the Ministry of External
Affairs to the Ministry of Home Affairs. Consequently, on 1 December 1965, the five
frontier divisions (Kameng, Subansiri, Siang, Lohit, and Tirap) became its five districts.
A deputy commissioner became the administrative head of these districts in place
of a political officer. In 1967, an Agency Council was constituted for better administration.
Till 1972, it was constitutionally a part of Assam state and was directly administered
by the President of India through the governor of Assam as its agent. On 21 January
1972, the North-East Frontier Agency became the Union Territory of Arunachal Pradesh
and was placed under the charge of a Chief Commissioner.
Recent notification from APPSC reiterating age of candidates as on 22/06/2017 in
the filling up of OMR Form for APPSCCE-2017 is creating an atmosphere of confusion
and uncertainties amongst the aspirants because in the column 6 of OMR Form Age
as on 01/01/2017 is already printed. Many Aspirants who have submitted their application
forms with their Ages as on 01/01/2017 are worried for their forms being rejected.
The worst affected by this anomaly of APPSC are those aspirants who have already
submitted their application forms for APPSCCE-2017 with age as on 01/01/2017.
An Aspirant, New Delhi
The form filling process for APPSCCE 2017 Prelims seems to be confusing for many
candidates and there is already fear of forms being rejected.
Commission urged the candidates to put age till 01/01/2017 and in advertisement candidates
were urged to put their age up-to 22/06/2017. Although, Commission has already clarified
the aforesaid confusion, clarification came very late. There are so many candidates
who have filled the forms twice because of two dates.
There are so many candidates who are preparing for this coveted exam with genuine
efforts. They sacrifice their time, energy and money. I request Commission not
to reject the application forms because of dates and dual submission of forms.
And the commission should start online submission of forms.
GST, caste and disability divide
While sacred thread is a symbol of caste division, Braille paper/ typewriter is a
symbol of hope for the blind. Now, while 0 per cent GST is proposed on sacred threads,
there is a 12 per cent levy on Braille paper and 18 per cent on Braille typewriter
that till now were fully exempt from all taxes and duties. Moreover, while Khdau,
Panchamrit, Vibhuti are in 0 per cent category, hearing aids are not exempt any longer
and face a 12 per cent levy. Does GST favour a caste and disability divide?
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