March 21

RGU exams

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU), Doimukh will conduct the theory examination of B.A, B.Sc., B.Com I, II, III year and II and IV semesters from April 1 to May 27, 2015, according to a RGU notification.

This ‘revised’ examination schedule has been announced after All Arunachal Pradesh Students’ Union (AAPSU) approached the Controller of Examination of the University to review the examination time table in the greater interest of the examinees, particularly of honours courses, informed AAPSU Spokesperson Tanya Agu in a release.

“There were either no gaps or very few gaps between examinations in the time-table for honours courses, said Agu, who led the AAPSU team and submitted a representation to the examination controller.

AAPSU appreciated the RGU authority for considering its appeal for modification in the examination schedule.


ADM bans donation

AALO, Mar 20: West Siang ADM has issued prohibitory order under Section 144 Cr.PC banning all kind of donations for the ensuing three day Students’ Convention of West Siang scheduled to begin at Pobdi village tomorrow.

The order has been promulgated following reports of collecting money from individuals, businessmen and government servants in the name of West Siang District Students’ Union by the Organizing Committee of the convention.

Any body found violating the order will attract stern action as per provisions of law. DIPRO


Re-evaluation result

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Rajiv Gandhi University (RGU) has declared the re-evaluation results of annual system of examination, 2014 (Special) of both I and II year courses.

Both results and routine of examination can be seen on university website (www.rgu.ac.in).


Phone-in prog

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: All India Radio (AIR), Itanagar will broadcast a live Phone-in-Programme called "Hello Doctor" on its Arun FM (103.1 MHZ) Channel on March 21.

State Epidemiologist Dr. Lobsang Jampa, MD will reply to the listener's queries on the topic "Swine Flu" from 8 pm and 8.30 pm.   Listeners can dial 0360-2292239 from any phone for advice.


National Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Awareness Week

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The importance of establishing an individual latrine rather than sharing it and safe drinking water were highlighted by a team of officials from Public Health Engineering and Water Supply division Anini, Dibang Valley during the launching of National Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Awareness Week at Etalin and Arzoo CD blocks recently.

Tokbang Boko, Consultant (Water and Sanitation) explained the key issues in hygiene, water and sanitation and importance of building one latrine per household. He also highlighted about solid and liquid waste management.

Field Testing Kits (FTK), its parameters and Ph level for safe drinking water was also demonstrated by Laboratory Assistant Makep Modi.

PRI members and general public attended the programme.


Mopin festival sports meet begins

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Mopin Festival Sports Meet 2015 commenced here today at Solung Mopin ground which is being organized by the Mopin Festival Celebration Committee, Itanagar as a part of the upcoming Mopin celebration on April 5 next.

The inaugural function of the sports meet was attended by OSD to Chief Minister Hatobin Mai as chief guest. While flagging off the sports meet that includes Volleyball and Archery as main sports event, Mai appealed the players to maintain true sports spirit and discipline and set an example to others. Mai also stressed on the need for preservation of rich art, tradition and culture of the tribe.

MLA Nyamar Karbak informed that the main motive of organizing the event is to unite people through sports and to promote the young players of the community in sports sector. While terming the sports meet as a part of the coming Mopin festival of the Galo community, Nyamar Karbak said that the Archery event and the final of the volleyball match, both in men and women category, will be an important event of the Mopin festival on first week of April next.


SSB reaches out to remote Denzi

Tezpur, Mar 20: Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), 30th BN Dirang SSB organised a four day long social awareness programme under the name of “Publicity Campaign” at Denzi village along Indo-Bhutan border from March 16.

During the publicity awareness drive, medical/veterinary civic action was conducted at Kalaktang, Samphung and surrounding villages with the help of SSB Dr J. Chakma, Deputy Commandant (Medical) and Dr. L. D. Singh, Assistant Commandant (Vety).

A cleanliness drive was also conducted in and around Denzi village under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

The programme was led by B.P.S Negi, Deputy Commandant 30th BN Dirang. Villagers in large attended the programme and promised for conduct of the programme at least thrice in a month.

During the concluding function, L. K. Gohain, Deputy Inspector General, SHQ. SSB, Tezpur said that SSB has taken up many welfare measures for the welfare and development of the border people under its civic action programme.

T. N. Thongdok, Deputy Speaker Arunachal Legislative Assembly attended the concluding function.


Villagers demand enquiry


DAPORIJO, Mar 20: The villagers of Bogia Siyum under Siyum circle have alleged that District Medical Officer (DMO) has deprived the land donors by changing the specification of the land after the final land notification of the Govt vide letter No.LR-21/89 for construction of a building for Health Sub-Centre under National Health Mission for the financial year 2015-16. They appealed to the higher authority to enquire into the matter and take appropriate action for the welfare of the villagers.

The villagers claimed they have donated land as per assurance given in a meeting held at the village earlier to award civil work as per guidelines to the land donors for construction of building for health sub-centre. Finally the land management authority notified the land for the sub-centre, they said.

“Daporijo DMO has neglected the order of higher authority by changing the land from actually notified area for Health Sub-centre. He also awarded civil work order to some other contractors depriving the land donors,” said one of the villagers.

Moreover, the new site for health sub centre is under the jurisdiction of a school and it is not feasible for the health sub-centre, the villagers claimed.


Shivyog camp

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Shivyog Guwahati is organizing a two days Durga Saptshati Sadhana Shivir on 21st and 22nd March at Guwahati Medical College Auditorium.

Durga Saptshati Sadhana is very ancient and part of Shivyog said Simanta Bijoy Deb, Coordinator, North East.

There are 13 chapters and 700 slokas believed to be strong and powerful and has been popularized by Guru Avdoot Baba Shivanandaji popularly known as Babaji.


Awareness prog on gender equality for youths held

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The role of youths and various hurdles such as societal and religious beliefs in bringing about gender equality were thoroughly discussed during an awareness programme for the students of JN College Pasighat today.

The programme was organized by Women Studies & Research Centre, Rajiv Gandhi University, in collaboration with Jawaharlal Nehru College Pasighat.

Prof. Elizabeth Hangsing, Director, Women Studies & Research Centre, RGU spoke in detail on the importance of gender equality.

During the technical session, Dr. Kesang Degi, Associate Prof., Dept of Education, RGU, spoke on the challenges for gender equality while Dr. Devi Baruah, Asst. Prof., Dept. of Commerce, RGU, talked on the social construct of gender and the role media can play to bring about gender equality.

Dr. Tage Rupa, highlighted the role of youth for gender equality in the present context.

Around 200 students from JNC, Daying Ering College of Teachers’ Education and Siang Royal Academy, Pasighat attended the programme.

J N College Principal Tayek Talom attended the inaugural session.


NHPC CSR on Agri-Horti skills

Roing, Mar 20: The three-day training programme on 'Imparting Agriculture and Horticulture Skills', conducted by the Dibang Multipurpose project, NHPC LTD under their CSR-SD Scheme, concluded at the Multipurpose Hall, here today.

The resource persons from KVK Roing, SMS (Animal Science) Dr Dipankar Hazarika, SMS(Agronomy) Monica Pangkam, and HDO Roing Minonti Pait Menjo, explained in detail various subjects related to the topic of the programme.

Hazarika spoke in detail about backyard poultry farming and piggery farming, while Pangkam explained the proper procedure of growing paddy, ginger, potato, and other crops for better production, and also about the importance of Azolla-production technology, as a source of bio-fertilizer and feed for fish, dairy and piggery.

Documentaries and videos holding relevance to the topic were also shown to the trainees. Programme coordinators, HDO Roing R.Sora, DM (Civil) NHPC Bengia Guma, DM (Civil) NHPC Bengia Nyer, DM (Civil) NHPC Tage Lomdak and DM (PR) NHPC Ram Gupta, answered to the queries of the trainees at the end of the programme. Pamplets on backyard poultry farming, piggery farming, diseases of livestock, and ginger growing were also distributed. Gupta also informed that after the success of this programme, the company plans to conduct such programmes as a continuous process.

A total number of 60 farmers from twelve different villages attended the training.


World oral health day celebrated

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The dental health cell, directorate of health services, govt. of Arunachal today conducted an oral health awareness campaign cum mass brushing programme at Pichola Village, under circle Balijan circle on the special occasion of "World Oral Health Day." More 100 people of all ages from Pichola and Tani Happa villages took active participation in the event.

They were provided with free tooth brushes, tooth pastes and clean water bottles from the State Oral Health Cell-Directorate of Health Services, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh. Dr. Lala Wage, State Nodal Officer, National Oral Health Programme highlighted the importance of celebrating "World Oral Health Day.”

Dr. Rime Ngulom, MDS- Maxillo-Facial Surgeon spoke about oral health and its impact on general health. She advised the public to keep the mouth clean and not to invite heart related diseases, lung infections, oral cancer, GI infections, gum diseases and to take preventive steps for mouth cancer by avoiding the consumption of both smoke and smokeless tobacco products.

Dr. Opok Pertin, MDS -Endodontist demonstrated the brushing techniques to villagers and he emphasized them to brush minimum two times in a day - at morning and night before going to bed, to prevent tooth decay problem.

Lindum Pema - GPM of Pichola and Dayum Taja- GPM of Tani Happa also advised the public to remember the instructions given by doctors and keep practicing brushing technique in their life time.



Apatani Students’ Union (ASU) has appealed to the department concerned to start the construction works of outdoor Stadium at Subansiri Stadium.  In a news item published in this daily on March 16, it was wrongly printed in both headline and news item as “indoor stadium” in place of “outdoor stadium.” The inadvertent error is regretted.


News Impact

MCTS call centre launched

Tacho makes the first call to a new mother

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Arunachal Pradesh Mother and  Child Tracking System (MCTS) Call Centre -a joint initiative of Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Arunachal Pradesh State Health Society and Piramal Swasthya (formerly known as HMRI)-was inaugurated by Health & Family Welfare Minister Rajesh Tacho at Naharlagun today.

The first ever innovative web based service was started with a phone call to a new mother at Wakro by the Minister followed by another call to a new mother at Daporijo by Health and Family Welfare Secretary Indra Mallo, who advised them to avail the Chief Ministers’ Health Insurance Scheme.

While briefing about the MCTS call centre, PN Thungon, Mission Director (NHM) explained how this innovative call centre could help in reducing the mortality of mother and child as well as neonates and provide them with specialist health care.

As of now, only outgoing calls will be operational, he informed. Helpline will also be started shortly for more effective tracking and rendering quality services in accessible areas of Arunachal Pradesh, he added.

The objective of setting up of this MCTS Call Centre is to undertake case specific monitoring to ensure complete Antenatal Care (ANC) services, delivery services and Postnatal Care (PNC) services and monitoring of full Immunization services to pregnant woman and child through the database collected from NHM web portal. Through a dedicated five-seat MCTS call center which is operationally managed by Piramal Swasthya, the aim is to have an effective monitoring system for high risk pregnant women and low weight birth babies in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality.

Other present on this occasion were Dr. T. Thomas, Special Secretary (Health & FW), Dr. K. Nishing, DHS, Dr. G Tatu, Director (FW), Dr. M. Jini, Director (Medical Education), H. Lampung (AMD) NHM, Dr. E. Rumi, Jt.DHS (FW) and senior officers of the Directorate of Health Services and Mission Directorate.



One arrested for SE RWD office vandalization

Staff Reporter

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: In yet another incident of lawlessness, the office of Superintendent of Engineer (SE) Rural Works Department (RWD) Itanagar was vandalized by a mob on Thursday. The incident occurred when a group of people came to the chamber of TK Tagin, SE RWD and tried to put their tender paper even after expiry of deadline. The tender for inter village wire rope suspension bridge project under SPA scheme for three blocks of Damin, Parsi Parlo and Sarli was being held.

When officials of RWD resisted the groups move, the mob destroyed the office infrastructure and also took away tender box along with earnest money drafts. However, Itanagar police has managed to recover the earnest money draft and have arrested one person in regards to the incident. “We have recovered earnest money draft of Rs 21 lakh from the resident of one of the accused from Chimpu area. We have also arrested one Pani Tare for his involvement in the incident and the court has sent him to 5 days judicial custody. The other accused are absconding but hopefully we will arrest them soon,” informed T Bage officer in charge of Itanagar police station.

Meanwhile, All Arunachal Pradesh Public Health Engineering and Water Supply Department Workers Union have condemned the incident. In a press release union urged the home minister to arrest all the accused involved at the earliest. They expressed fear that if the accused are not arrested at the earliest, such kind of incident may occur in other engineering departments too.



Prog on Media and Accessibility concludes with a call for equal opportunities for people with disability

RONO HILLS, Mar 20: The two-day training programme on Media and Accessibility concluded here today with the Vice Chancellor of Rajiv Gandhi University, Prof. Tamo Mibang advocating for equal opportunities for people with disability.

In his deliberation, the VC said that environment has to be made conducive for all irrespective of disability. Setting a platform for initiating workshops that are targeted at making opportunities accessible in the area of disability, the VC called for a collective effort from the policy makers and the executing agencies. He further stressed on the need to bring attitudinal change in the way we look at disability by advocating for a society that is inclusive in nature.

The workshop was organized by the Ali Yuvar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, GoI in collaboration with department of Mass Communication, RGU.

The VC thanked the resource persons who had come from New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and neighbouring states for sharing their knowledge to the participants with their field of expertise in the area of disability that the university has taken serious cognizance of. Pitching for an approach that is universal in nature and accessible in the area of disability, the VC is keen at making the university accessible for all.

Earlier on the day there were technical sessions on accessibility technology & environment and media advocacy and designs for accessibility.

The participants interacted with MD Barrier Break technologies Shilpi Kapoor on Skype from Mumbai over issues pertaining to acceptable and accessible media and websites for people with disability.  The participants were also trained on how to make TV ads accessible for people with disability. Director Deviprasad Goenka, Management College of Media Studies, Mumbai Dr. Mangesh Karandikar  dwelt at length on how new media can be used in education to be accessible for all.

Communication manager, The George institute of Global Health, New Delhi, K Kanan trained the participants on making use of media advocacy and implementation of accessibility guidelines to help in the area of disability.

Later during the day, the students of the department of Mass Communication received certificates for various competitions such as designing TV spots, preparing comics and article writing.



ILP Facilitation Centers contribute to state exchequer

Staff Reporter

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: The computerized Tourist Inner Line Permits (ILP) Facilitation Centers set up at Guwahati, Gumto and Naharlagun Railway Station have issued 247 (ILP) to domestic tourists and assisted four foreign tourists who came without PAP by train.

The total revenue earned from ILP since February 19th from the three centers is Rs. 1, 11,600 @ of Rs 400 per domestic tourist and Rs 3200 per foreign tourist.  

The collected amount has been deposited to government exchequer through treasury challan, according to an official source.

The teams deployed at the computerized ILP facilitation centers are working hard to assist the tourists from morning 5 AM onwards.

An employee has been deployed in each of the centre as public relation officer (PRO), who interacts with the tourists. At the same time, the tourism officials are not sparing anyone who does not carry recommended documents such as Aadhaar, GoI/State Govt. ID, Pan Cards and Passport for ILP on arrival with the help of Government Railway Police (GRP) who are guarding and providing security round the clock to the passengers and railway stations.

Many ILP violators were caught by the joint operation team of GRP and tourism officials and handed over to Naharlagun Police Station for further course of action, the release added.



AACWA alleges fiscal mismanagement

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Alleging huge misappropriation of public fund and fiscal mismanagement, the  All Arunachal Contractor's Welfare Association (AACWA) appealed to the Governor to invoke Article 360 under state financial emergency and recommend President Rule in the state.

In its memorandum addressed to the Governor,  the Association said that the state Govt has miserably failed to manage fiscal discipline thereby presenting deficit budget for the last 3 successive financial year. Alleging that huge amount of money under various sources of central grant has been misappropriated, the memorandum said all the departments are not in a position to submit mandatory utilization certificate in respect of all the ongoing centrally sponsored schemes, due to which the fund flow from the Centre against all the central schemes has been halted.

“Due to huge misappropriation of public fund and the fiscal mismanagement, the state Govt has failed to clear contractor's pending bills, employees salaries. Above all the development programs undertaken by both central and state govts are in grinding halt and if this problem persists further the result will be disastrous for Arunachal Pradesh,” the memorandum said.

Demanding immediate constitution of Lokayukta in Arunachal Pradesh for transparent, accountable and corruption free governance,  the Association said that the state govt. was supposed to constitute full-fledged Lokayukta body by the month of February 2015 but even after more than a year of the enactment of the Act., the Lokayukta has not been constituted till date.

Expressing grievances over non-fulfillment of various pending issues of the Association, AACWA also sought the intervention of the Governor in solution to their pending demands.

The Association said that in spite of several memorandums and  reminders, the Govt did not respond to its grievances.

Demanding immediate lower down of enlistment fees as per Govt notification, the Association said   “We welcome the recent notification for class-wise contractors registration vide no. SPWD/W- 336/cont/06-0 dated 21st November 2014. However, we strongly oppose the Govt notification fixing high amount of enlistment fees which is against CPWD norms for all categories of registration fees.”

Other demands include adoption and relaxation of 1% EMD for ST and local contractors for any categories of tender work, halt on advance implementation of works under SPA / TFC and other Centrally Sponsored Schemes and maintenance of transparency in tendering process, stop unfair deduction of 2% income tax from tribal contractor's during payments of bill. Deduction of 2% income tax from local contractors of any category are against the constitutional privilege being enjoyed by ST population of the state,  the memorandum said.

The Association said that failing to address all the demands may compel them to launch series of democratic mass movement.



State BJP calls for effective mechanism for inclusive  devp.

ITANAGAR, Mar 20: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)'s Arunachal Pradesh unit President Tai Tagak appealed to the central government to explore effective mechanism for sustainable, inclusive and participatory development in Arunachal Pradesh.

Attending the a meeting of the party presidents, general secretaries (Org) and State Prabharies of North Eastern states at New Delhi yesterday, Tagak pointed out some areas of major concerns and ‘lopsided’ approaches to development by the successive Congress governments responsible for the present state of affairs in Arunachal Pradesh.

The meeting attended by party top brass, including National President Amit Shah, National General Secretary (Org), Ramlal, National General Secretary (i/c NE States), Ram Madhavji and National Vice President, Vinay Shashrabudhey critically reviewed the strength of party organization in NE States, scope and responsibility before the BJP after Narendra Modi led BJP Government came to power at the Centre, governance and developmental matters of NE states etc.

In his inspiring address, Party President Shah said that the BJP is committed to establish emotional connectivity, national unity and integration over political relation. The party accepts the realities and would think and work something beyond the party lines in the NE States, he said.

“Our area of work would be on national unity and integrity, expansion and strengthening of party organization in all the NE states up to primary level units, make it people’s own platform to voice their concerns and seek or get redressal their grievances, to chalk-out proper strategies and mechanisms for eradication of corruptions and improvement of development administration,” said Shah. He lauded the hard works and untiring efforts by the party workers in the NE states.

Union Minister for DoNER and MoS to PMO Dr. Jitendra Singh outlined the activities, programmes and policy of his Ministry. He highlighted Modi led BJP Government’s initiatives towards the development of NE states. He told that the Ministry has planned to have camps in every state of the region and central ministers would be visiting the NE states and monitor various development programmes.

The meeting was also addressed by National General Secretary (Org) Ramlal, National General Secretary (i/c NE States) Ram Madhav, National Vice President, Vinay Sahashrabudheyji and Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju.



ATYO calls for strict vigil against corruption in land management


DAPORIJO, Mar 20: All  Tagin Youth Organization (ATYO) has appealed to the state Govt to keep strict vigil on Daporijo land management department and take stern action against any staff if found involved in corruption in land allotment in the township.

The organization also appealed to the civil society, pressure groups and all communities irrespective of any caste and creed to fight against the corruption especially against land mafias of Daporijo who are allegedly responsible for the destruction of beauty of Daporijo.

The organization further appealed to the Upper Subansiri Deputy Commissioner for early submission of inquiry report on the recent Daporijo land scam to the Chief Secretary’s office for further necessary action.

While condemning the alleged act of former DC Tahang Taggu and his subordinate in Land Management department who were allegedly involved in land scam leading to rampant encroachment and destruction of Govt. buildings, roads and other Govt properties, the Organisation advocated for SIT enquiry and punishment of wrong doers as per the law.

Meanwhile, ATYO informed that, they have met Chief Secretary and Director of Land Management and registered their protest against Govt land allotment including in DC bunglow premises and Daporijo Daily Bazar allegedly by former DC to some vested interest people. The organization claimed that both the CS and the land management director assured necessary action.



Interface of Traditional and Modern Judicial Institutions in Arunachal Pradesh: An Emerging Reality

Robin Hissang (MA,M.Phill.)

The judiciary in India is responsible not only for settlement of disputes among the people or to punish the violators of law. It has also been given power to defend the constitution and protect the right of the citizens. In Arunachal Pradesh, the two judicial institutions are working: Traditional village council or village authority for resolutions of conflict and disputes based on unwritten customary laws which is well recognized by the people and the modern written law based on Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Criminal Procedure Code (Cr.PC) including various criminal and civil laws enacted by the Parliament of India and state legislature. In the time of interpretation, adjudication and justice delivery process for different nature of cases by these two judicial institutions based on different approaches often juxtapose each others for same end which needs serious study. In the modern era, existing and legally recognition of law adjudication by traditional village council based on unwritten customary laws which contradicts the modern well accurate written law is the main focus of the paper including to analyze its emerging reality.          

Present Status of Traditional and Modern Judicial institutions

The traditional village council existed in India from ancient time. Sir Charles Metcalf, (in Minute) the Provisional Governor-General of India (1835-36) also described them as “Little Republic”1 for delivering justice based on Natural Justice (customary law) what scholar defined it as Due Process of Law in judicial parlance. The justice deliver system in Arunachal Pradesh are based on customary law being discharge by the traditional village council through Gaon Burah(GB), Political Interpreter(PI) and village elders. Verrier Elwin’s in his “A Philosophy of NEFA” too recognized for “integrationist approach rather than imposition of modern system”2 by justifying for growing of tribal life as per their own way of life with traditional arts and culture1.  Henceforth, village council is social sanction institution and even empowered by The Assam Frontier (Administration of Justice) Regulation 1945(Act No.1 of 1945) and The Assam Frontier (Administration of Justice) Regulation, 1945(Amendment) Act 2005(Act No.1 of 2005). The regulation was made to administer civil and criminal justice in Arunachal Pradesh. Village authorities were institutionalized to help the administration in consolidating peace and tranquility. Thus, Elwin describes, “This regulation does, infact, give the tribal councils very wide powers, for it is recognized that they will function and inflict punishment or order compensation according to their customary law.”3

As per the section 5(1) and section 6(1) of The Assam Frontier (Administration of Justice) Regulation, 1945. There will be village authority in the village as administrators of the law and responsible to maintain peace and order within their village jurisdiction. The village council governed based on principles of wise, wisdom and elders meaning the elders should rule and most members of society should participate in ruling.

The third organ of government i.e. judiciary (law adjudication agency) are now fully operationalise in Arunachal Pradesh after complete separation of judiciary from executive in year 2012. The establishment of independent judiciary began with the setting of Hon’ble High Court permanent Bench at Naharlagun in state level and constitution of two District & Session Judge with well demarcated structured in the regional level with proper defined the territorial jurisdiction i.e. Arunachal East Division with HQ at Tezu under Lohit district for eastern region and Arunachal West Division HQ at Yupia under Papumpare district for western region with three Additional District and Session Court for zonal level viz. Additional District and Session Court at Basar, Additional District and Session Court at Bomdila and Additional District and Session Court at Pashighat for convenience of each zonal. For inter-district level viz.Chief Judicial Magistrate-cum-Civil Judge (Sr.Division) at Roing, CJM-cum-Civil Judge (Sr.Div.) at Aalo, CJM-cum-Civil Judge(Sr.Div.) at Yupia, CJM-cum-Civil Judge(Sr. Div.) at Ziro and  CJM-cum-Civil Judge(Sr.Div.) at Seppa for trial of one or more than one district.

There is Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr.Division) at Khonsa, Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr.Division) at Yingkong,   Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr. Division) at Daporijo, Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr. Division) at Tawang and  Judicial Magistrate First Class-cum-Civil Judge(Jr. Division) at Yupia for district. Subsequently, the government had notified on 6th January 2014, for transfer of all pending cases from Deputy Commissioner (both criminal and civil) to the courts of Chief Judicial Magistrate-cum-Civil Judge (Sr.Division) and judicial magistrate-cum-civil judge (Jr. Division) for trial and disposal thereof.  Also, all kind of cases both criminal and civil shall be instituted only in the court of CJM-cum-civil judge (Sr.Division) and JM-cum-Civil (Jr. Division). So, actual functional of modern judiciary began in the state.

Leadership Dichotomy

In order to become village authority members, educational qualifications, professional degree, mandatory literate member are not require. A person having knowledge of oral traditions and customary laws can be village authority member. They are appointed by the Deputy Commissioner, so their power and functions can be cease any time even can suspension, terminate as and when necessary. They are answerable to the DC. After being chosen and appointed, they are given red coat as insignia of village authority. This new institution of Gaonburahship symbolized government control through consent (Sanjay Dubey: 1991, P.8.1). Another was the new class of Political Interpreters (Kotokis) who were handpicked person chosen for their bilingualism and play as interpreters of tribal customary law for settlement of disputes and maintain peace and order. Paradoxically, mandatory literate person, professional law degree holder, educational qualification, law background qualified person is only entitled to pleads and argue in the modern court of law with certain formal dress code. They are appointed after passing many processes of examinations and they are not answerable to the DC.  

Trial Dichotomy  

The name of traditional trial institution is different like ‘Nyelle’ in Nysihi tribe, ‘Kebang’ in Adi, Buliang in Apatani, ‘Keba’ in Tagin, etc. But, there is single uniform modern trial institution all over the county i.e. Hon’ble Supreme Court, Hon’ble High Court and Session Court both Senior and junior division court etc, judicial magistrate etc. The village authority trial finalized after getting consensus decisions of the village council after long deliberation by member. The decisions of the council are supposed to come from the people and the Gams or headmen/ chief help only to enforce it.4 Thus, there is larger scope for discussion and deliberations in the village council, which paves the way for consensus or majority decisions. The customary laws, traditional-history and religious-cultural are the main bases of the trial and hearing. No written specific or accurate sections, sub-sections and provisions are available for reference in related to any kind of cases (both criminal and civil). The supernatural beliefs play important roles while making final verdict. In traditional system, often oath and ordeal are used for conclusions of any decision for awarding justice based on supernatural and customary laws. The duration of trial and deliberation of speaker/ pleader is not fixed; it may long many days but may conclude even in an hour too. The final decision and justice used to deliver early. But, in modern trial and hearing process, court used to fix the date and time for trial and hearing. The written acceptable constitutional provisions like IPC, Cr.PC(contained with accurate defined sections for punishments of various nature of crime), various government acts and rational views are the basis of trials under the proper supervision of professional and experiences govt.judge, advocates, lawyer, and advocates. But, final delivery of justice often delays.


(1 Report of the Congress Village Panchayat Committee, First Edition, (1954), B.B. Gupta, quoted in Local Government in India, 1968, Central Book Depot, Allahabad,  p.4.

2 Verrier, Elwin, (1943), Maria Murder and Suicide, London: Oxford, P.220, quoted in Guha, Note 11, p.237 again quoted by David, Stuligross, Op. cit., p.501.

3. Verrier, Elwin, (1960), A Philosophy for NEFA, Shillong,, p.172.

4. Verrier, Elwin,(1988), Democracy in NEFA (reprint), Directorate of Research, Government of Arunachal Pradesh, P.111, quoted by Rijir, Karlo, Op.cit., p.144.



Speaking of the Unspeakable: “Menstruation”

Yumbi Yongam

Why is a girl tagged as a big girl when she starts her periods? That’s rather harsh even if you’re 14. But what if you’re just 8 or 9 years? Can a 9 or 10 years old girl be able to take the sudden pressure of the menstrual taboos imposed on her all of a sudden just because she started to bleed? Can such a little girl understand why she is bleeding? Can a girl at such an age bear the sudden change of attitude towards her from her own family? A girl when asked to talk on menstruation said she doesn’t wants to tell her father that she has started her menstruation just because she doesn’t wants her father to look at her differently, she wants to be his little princess forever. Just imagine the impact the social stigmas have on the minds of these girls who are forced to maintain the silence. Do we realise how much negative impact is caused to a girl by all those so called menstrual taboos imposed on her. A girl is deprived of the vital education she ought to have about her own body and her self esteem and confident just takes the back seat all thanks to the so called societal beliefs towards a menstruating girl.

It just makes me wonder why menstruation is flagged as unspeakable when it is as natural as other functions of the body.  It is just a shift of hormones. From shameful secrecy, embarrassment to silly humour there’s almost a century of social stigmas packed into that shift which otherwise is a normal biological phenomenon. Menstruation across cultures around the world has always been and is still treated with silence. It is considered as taboo topic with menstrual blood viewed as unclean and dirty limiting women and adolescent girl’s access to relevant and important information about their own bodies. Such is the state of the impact of such menstrual stigmas that instead of celebrating being women which symbolises that a girl is healthy and that she has a wonderful gift to be a mother but girls across the world hates it because the attitude of those close to her changes when she starts her periods. Taboos, even long forgotten ones, have chains so powerful to enslave us. Why to steal the freedom, the right of girl based on the taboos created by misconceptions and myths about a normal body process: menstruation. Menstruation is an identity of being a healthy woman.

What is most concerning is that the first shock and the embarrassment in most cases start from homes. At homes older women often considered wise are often illiterate and uneducated themselves and may recount and reinforce myths related to menstruation that are biologically incorrect. Mothers and elderly grandmothers are still contributing a lot to the tabooing of menstruation and the process of showing and embarrassing young girls on its account. By restricting their daughters to speak about it in front of the male members of the family even if the male is your own father starts the negative teaching about menstruation and passing the confusion filled with embarrassment through the generations. Once I had my periods on the day of some traditional rituals were to be done at home, my mother gave me a good scolding as I made it happen and i was made to stay at my aunt’s place for three days. I wasn’t allowed to enter the bedrooms of my father and brother and was not allowed even to have my meals before they had theirs until my periods ended. That was an utterly an unnecessary punishment just for being a women. At a time a cousin of mine staying with us had her periods on the day my brother had an interview scheduled.  My mother scolded her the entire day saying she will bring bad luck to my brother. But my brother got that job and taking this as a tool I made her realize and understand that menstruation has nothing to do with ones luck.

School adds more in hushing the topic instead of creating the much needed awareness on the topic. There is usually a lack of physiological education in schools. This is often attributed to predominantly male science teachers feeling uncomfortable in teaching such a subject, especially if they have not received formal training in how to do so. This topic is often left out for self study. Instead of sensitizing on the topic in a coed session, most schools go for segregation. The girls are separately taught to maintain menstrual etiquette on how to behave before others especially before the males during menstruation. No school teaches the boys that Menstruation is a normal biological process and one need not change his or her attitude towards menstruation. Such way of teaching creates a gap among the young and it only spreads the negativity further.

Even when purchasing  sanitary napkins girls are often meet with startled looks, hushed voices starts surrounding her and the napkin is wrapped in a paper than put into a black polythene bag as if it is a curse to see such a packet. A girl bleeds most of their life with variety of symptoms from passing out via great tranches of pain to glassy lobotomised exhaustion. Yet, girls are not supposed to talk about this vital part of their life. Why that essential part is expected to go entirely unspoken? What we don’t realize is that it is a topic made to be well known to both the sexes. The stigmas and social restriction imposed might result in spreading the ignorance on scientific facts and hygienic health practices during menstruation which sometimes may result in adverse health outcomes. What needs to be understood is that menstrual hygiene is an important risk factor for reproductive tract infection, a vital aspect of health education for adolescent girls and women. It is difficult to predict when and where you will experience your first menstruation (Menarche). Having a prior positive knowledge about menstruation will help in dealing with such a situation in a much better way.

Because of the negative attitude of the societies towards menstruating girls, girls across culture views menarche (first menstruation) as negative experience and there are reports stating that for some it has been horrifying, frightening, shocking and confusing. Menstrual etiquette is something to be learned not only by girls but by the boys too. It is not only girls who need to grow up but the society as a whole too. Only positive teaching can change the societal outlook towards a menstruating woman. In order for women and girls to live a healthy, productive and dignified life there is a need to provide healthy family education and awareness to both the sexes. Menstruation is an important sanitation issue which has long been into the closet now it is time to let it out as it is no longer a women issue it’s now a human issue. All we need to do is break free from the shell and come out of this culture of shame, embarrassment and silence. We women need to be the change to see the change.

Important facts on menstruation:

What is menstruation?

Menstruation (men-STRAY-shuhn) is a woman’s monthly bleeding. When you menstruate, your body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb). Menstrual blood flows from the uterus through the small opening in the cervix and passes out of the body through the vagina. Most menstrual periods last from 3 to 5 days.

What is the menstrual cycle?

When periods (menstruations) come regularly, this is called the menstrual cycle. Having regular menstrual cycles is a sign that important parts of your body are working normally. The menstrual cycle provides important body chemicals, called hormones, to keep you healthy. It also prepares your body for pregnancy each month. A cycle is counted from the first day of 1 period to the first day of the next period. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days long. Cycles can range anywhere from 21 to 35 days in adults and from 21 to 45 days in young teens.

The rise and fall of levels of hormones during the month control the menstrual cycle.R

What happens during the menstrual cycle?

In the first half of the cycle, levels of estrogen (the “female hormone”) start to rise. Estrogen plays an important role in keeping you healthy, especially by helping you to build strong bones and to help keep them strong as you get older. Estrogen also makes the lining of the uterus (womb) grow and thicken. This lining of the womb is a place that will nourish the embryo if a pregnancy occurs. At the same time the lining of the womb is growing, an egg, or ovum, in one of the ovaries starts to mature. At about day 14 of an average 28-day cycle, the egg leaves the ovary. This is called ovulation.

After the egg has left the ovary, it travels through the fallopian tube to the uterus. Hormone levels rise and help prepare the uterine lining for pregnancy. A woman is most likely to get pregnant during the 3 days before or on the day of ovulation. Keep in mind, women with cycles that are shorter or longer than average may ovulate before or after day 14.

A woman becomes pregnant if the egg is fertilized by a man’s sperm cell and attaches to the uterine wall. If the egg is not fertilized, it will break apart. Then, hormone levels drop, and the thickened lining of the uterus is shed during the menstrual period.

What is a typical menstrual period like?

During your period, you shed the thickened uterine lining and extra blood through the vagina. Your period may not be the same every month. It may also be different than other women’s periods. Periods can be light, moderate, or heavy in terms of how much blood comes out of the vagina. This is called menstrual flow. The length of the period also varies. Most periods last from 3 to 5 days. But, anywhere from 2 to 7 days is normal.

For the first few years after menstruation begins, longer cycles are common. A woman’s cycle tends to shorten and become more regular with age. Most of the time, periods will be in the range of 21 to 35 days apart.

When does a girl usually get her first period?

In the United States, the average age for a girl to get her first period is 12. This does not mean that all girls start at the same age. A girl can start her period anytime between the ages of 8 and 15. Most of the time, the first period starts about 2 years after breasts first start to develop. If a girl has not had her first period by age 15, or if it has been more than 2 to 3 years since breast growth started, she should see a doctor.

How long does a woman have periods?

Women usually have periods until menopause. Menopause occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, usually around age 50. Menopause means that a woman is no longer ovulating (producing eggs) or having periods and can no longer get pregnant. Like menstruation, menopause can vary from woman to woman and these changes may occur over several years.

The time when your body begins its move into menopause is called the menopausal transition. This can last anywhere from 2 to 8 years. Some women have early menopause because of surgery or other treatment, illness, or other reasons. If you don’t have a period for 90 days, you should see your doctor.

How often should I change my pad?

You should change a pad before it becomes soaked with blood. Each woman decides for herself what works best. (The writer is Scientific Officer, Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science & Technology, ESS- Sector, Itanagar)



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---- Readers Forum ----


Do not deprive us

Dear Editor,

Through your esteemed daily, I would like to ventilate the impending problem that Post Graduate students of Rajiv Gandhi University are going to face. Although it has not been officially confirmed, it is learnt that the APPSCCE Mains 2015 has tentatively been scheduled in the month of May. Here it is pertinent to mention that the semester exam of RGU is also held in the same month (May) every year. There are hundreds of students from RGU who are also going to appear in APPSC Mains. If the APPSC does not change the tentative schedule , it would mean a curtail to our Right of Equal Opportunity in matters of public employment under state as mentioned in Article 16 of the Indian constitution. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) also asserts that no competitive exam conducted by Public Service Commission should coincide with the exam schedule of UGC. Besides, being the premier recruiting agency of the state, Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission should give recognition to the students of the only University of state by providing them a chance to appear in this coveted examination of APPSC Mains.     

Hence I would like to request the Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission to conduct the APPSCCE Mains in any suitable time but NOT in the month of May.


Marte Loma




Need for deeper rational thinking

Dear Editor,

Religion, if it's pursuit of god, then it has become the most ungodly endeavour of the mankind in practice down the centuries and more so today. It has become the biggest reason for exclusivity, divisions, disunity, fighting & destructions leading to perpetual human sufferings. The Creator, god, if there be one, didn't ever manifest before human nor will it ever happen in the eternity. However, godly & supernatural manifestations, the universe, the Mother Nature & all its sacred entities have mysterious and eternal existence for the human to revere for harmony of living and that’s the only path. The supernatural system, its entities and the processes are perfectly interlinked in omnipotent manner with everything working in tandem and there is no scope for any seclusion. Yet we human always keep the habit and practice for exclusivity and differentiated pursuits even within our own race and that’s where we have been going wrong. Perhaps, the acclaimed rational thinking which is a fundamental characteristic of the modern age needs to get more rational and liberal. Because, in the ancient and medieval age, human fought, killed and earned misery on the basis of religion since they were considered devoid of modern thoughts. And today, when human societies across the world are distressed for the same reason, then present human does not deserve to be rightful inheritor of the dignified value titles modern, godly. This supernatural system has gifted lives and he is godly. So religion, if that leads to perpetual human sufferings is devoid of god and godly and harmony of life and society will remain ever elusive. A perfectly irrational and hypothetical blissful space in afterlife, heaven is misleading the minds. But the creator, the god didn't ever send any human to make a sojourn, experience blissful heaven and come back in the world to preach. There is need for deeper rational thinking. Persistent endeavours to exist in reverence with the godly supernatural will only bring harmony in the present life and may be better ticket to better after life, if there be one.  


Tagam Mibang





It does not suit you

Dear  Editor,

If we carefully read the national and international news published in our dailies, we would find that many of the news are just cut & paste news. In some instances the sentences would be half or some words would be missing. Even the Arunachal Times too adopt this mechanism of cut and paste. The Press of our state is most respected one and this silly mistake doesn't suit you.


Yab Nikum

RGU, Doimukh






All email and surface mails must be accompanied with contact numbers and full postal address. Do keep writing but please make sure that letters are short and to the point.        


---- Editorial ----


Mini hydel is the solution

A report published today in the local dailies about successful restorations of two mini hydel stations has caught the attention of the people of Arunachal. As per the report micro hydel station (MHS) of Pacha at Seppa in East Kameng district and Sessa in West Kameng district was successfully restored by the department of electro-mechanical under hydro power development, Bomdila. With the restoration of Pacha MHS (2x1.5MW) and Sessa MHS (3x500KW), Seppa and its adjacent villages are now getting uninterrupted power supply. Earlier Seppa was reeling under darkness for the last two months due to the breakdown of Pacha MHS.

This news once again shows that Arunachal can meet their electricity needs by constructing small mini hydel stations. State does not need construction of large number of big hydropower projects to meet the electricity demands. Government of Arunachal should re-look the hydropower policy. Big dams should be constructed in small number to create job opportunities and to generate revenue. Government should not construct big dams wherever local populace is opposing it. It’s time Arunachal government adopt new hydro policy which is beneficial to the people of state and not the corporate lobbies.