DoNER gets Hill Area Development Programme
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: The Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) has
been allotted the subject of Hill Area Development Programme in North Eastern Region
after an amendment of the Government of India vide Gazette notification dated 18
The Ministry of DoNER thus becomes directly responsible for matters pertaining to
the Hill Areas of the Region.
Although the subject was included along with Border Area Development under the Ministry
of DoNER, it continued to be with the Ministry of Home Affairs due to its sensitive
nature and also due to the fact that there are other hilly areas in the country in
addition to those in the North Eastern Region alone.
Due to constant persuasion, the matter has been settled by the Government now by
adding the work of hill areas development of North Eastern Region to the Ministry
of DoNER, while allotting the work of Border areas to the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The move to include this subject under the purview of the Ministry has been welcomed
by Minister of Mines & DoNER Bijoy Krishna Handique. He mentioned that the inclusion
of Hill Area Development subject would extend the scope of the Ministry of DoNER
to directly cater to the developmental needs of the diverse populace inhabiting these
areas. He also reiterated the commitment of the Ministry in ensuring holistic development
in the Hill Areas of Region.
Apang remand extended, Unions question arrest
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: The Police remand of former Chief Minister Gegong Apang has been
extended to another seven days by Special Court, Lakhimpur.
The ailing former Chief Minister who is currently undergoing treatment at RK Mission
Hospital could not attend in person.
The High Court, has fixed the hearing on bail matter on Sept 3.
Meanwhile, All Papum Pare District Students’ Union (APPDSU) has condemned the ways
the former chief minister Gegong Apang was arrested.
“We are not looking through political lines whether Apang belongs to Congress or
any other political party, but we respect Apang who served the state for more than
20 years. He is not only former chief minister, but a senior citizen, fatherly and
popular figure”, the union added.
Instead of only raising the corruption in PDS, the citizens should raise voice against
corruption against many departments in the state, the union said.
The union further said that taking the advantage of arrest of former CM, the citizens
should open a new chapter against corruption and demand arrest of all corrupted persons
irrespective of their positions and status in the state.
It also requested the civil society, particularly All Arunachal Pradesh Students
Union to take the cudgel against corruption and begin a new chapter.
On the other hand, All East Siang District Students’ Union” (AESDSU) while terming
the arrest as illegitimate and lambasting the partial judgment of the judiciary has
urged the state govt. to hand over the case to the CBI. When dozens of officials
and individuals are involved in the scam, why only target former Chief Minister,
the Union asked.
The Union said that it does not defend anyone involved in the scandal, but hold the
view that law should be equal for everyone. The Union further questioned the “collective
responsibility” of the govt. in the arrest of the former chief minister and has strongly
condemned the attitude of SP SIC M.S.Chauhan in handling the case and demanded his
The Union further urged the Chief Minister to bring an end to the political drama
by listing out all the names involved in the scam and letting the judiciary punish
the real culprits.
People and their agenda
The centre’s detour on Vedanta’s bauxite mining project in tribal inhabited Niyamgiri
Hills in Orissa comes at a time when centre and state governments are mercilessly
pushing developmental agendas undermining environmental concerns.
The centre’s decision came after Forest Advisory Committee submitted the NC Saxena
report which cited violations of environment clearance given to Orissa Mining Corporation
in 2008 including non-compliance with the provisions of the Forest Rights Act.
As we debate whether centre’s stand on Vedanta project is a sign of environmental
consciousness or political agenda, none the less it has come as a big relief for
indigenous communities fighting to save their land from those agencies, including
state governments, for whom revenue generation is top on the agenda.
However the center’s decision on Vedanta, though it managed to bring a certain Rahul
Gandhi to the site who glorified the decision, is no sign that it would go slow on
power projects among others in Arunachal.
Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh has already said that power projects will go ahead
in Arunachal and that there was no room for no dams/projects debate.
On the other hand, even as we concluded that Arunachal Pradesh Package of Roads and
Highways was for the people of the state, as we look deeper into the road projects,
it is rather ensuring a smooth drive for power projects in the state. In a recent
meeting on road projects in North East where Arunachal figured prominently, the ministry
exclusively talked about linking those areas in Arunachal with roads which had a
But since we are not the questioning kinds, the ministry will have its way. It does
not make sense to the centre or the state government where the road comes up as long
as it leads to a power project.
No one really bothers if the people from nearest village will have to walk for some
kilometers to cover the distance from their village to the highway, located somewhere
in the middle of nowhere.
Talking of violations of environment laws, as state government carry out projects,
it does not make much sense either.
Violation of Forest Laws in the state is rampant given the fact that almost all road
projects comes within the designated Forest land. But then when the Recognition of
Forest Rights Act, has not been implemented properly in the state, it is just matter
of time that these projects will come up without any meaningful resistance.
As centre and state takes a step forward on developmental activities in the state,
someone called up yours truly to inform about villagers felling trees so that they
could avail forestation schemes from the centre! This obviously was carried out
in full consultation with the district administration!
ABK, GWS, NES and civil society on one platform to take up boundary issues
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Perhaps for the first time organisations representing various tribes
and civil society will come at one platform to take up the issues of boundary dispute
with Assam and other concerns.
Nyishi Elite Society (NES), Adi Baane Kebang (ABK), Galo Welfare Society (GWS), Arunachal
Citizens Rights (ACR), Human Rights Law Network, some academicians and individual
representatives agreed to pursue the issue of the Inter State Boundary as a single
body, hereafter, and also decided to meet again on the 3rd September at Itanagar,
to discuss other inter-tribal interests and concerns as peoples of Arunachal Pradesh.
The President, Galo Welfare Society (GWS), Jarjum Ete, had convened the meeting of
the communities affected by the inter-state boundary imbroglio and some concerned
rights groups last Sunday at Itanagar.
Chairperson, ACR Bamang Tago has been entrusted to contact the community body representatives
of Tirap and Changlang districts. Advocate and Coordinator, HRLN, Sunil Mow, was
given the responsibility to inform and invite the responsible community representatives
from Lohit, Anjaw, Dibang Valley and Upper Dibang Valley. Secretary, APCC Khandu
Thungon was requested to get in touch with the concerned bodies and organisations
from Tawang and West Kameng. Jarjum Ete, President, GWS will contact the bodies in
Upper Subansiri, West Siang and Upper Siang. General Secretary, NES, Vijay Sonam,
will contact the other Tribes in East Kameng, Kurung Kumey.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: While reacting to the demand of the Parang Pare Welfare Society
not to release PDS pending bills before completion of investigation of PDS scam,
All Arunachal Contractors Welfare Association today said its has announced one
month’s time for both Centre and state and FCI to release PDS pending bills.
The present PDS case as per PIL No 50/2004 related to period between 2001 and 2004,
the association said while demanding that Govt fulfill the demands of the contractors
who executed works after 2005. Regarding the demand of CBI enquiry and halt on release
of pending bills by a section of society, the association said law will take its
own course of action.
Union urges teachers to join posting places
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: All Papum Pare District Students Union (APPDSU) has urged the higher
authorities of the education department to suspend those teachers who have not yet
joined at their posting places even after a month of transfer.
Claiming that teachers who were transferred from capital region to interior area
of the district did not join their duty till date, the union said some principals,
vice principals and head masters of various schools of the capital region are not
releasing the transferred teachers and instead asking for retention. The union urged
the heads of the schools to release the transferred teachers immediately and also
urged the teachers to join their new posting places, else it said, would compel to
take its own course of action.
The further appealed the deputy director of school education and deputy commissioner
not to accept the retention of transferred teachers in any ground and hold-up the
salary till they join at posting places.
Tezpur win ITBP inter sector football trophy
KIMIN, Aug 31: Tezpur lifted the first ever ITBP Inter Sector Football Trophy defeating
Gangtok 6-4 in an entertaining final via penalty kick at ITBP ground here yesterday.
The match went to penalty shot out after the two sides played out a 1-1 draw in
Gangtok was leading the match 1-0 in the first half which was equalized by Tezpur
in the second half.
Ranbir S. Sharma (IPS) DIG SHQ (Ita), who was the chief guest of the closing ceremony
today, gave away trophies, medals and other prizes to the winners, runners up, coaches
and referees. Narayan Tiwari of Gangtok team was adjudged the ‘Best Player’ of the
In his brief speech, Sharma applauded the sportsman spirit shown by all the participating
teams during the tournament. He also spoke about the importance of games and sports
and the role played by it in fostering unity and brotherhood among jawans. He lauded
the 10 ITBP Commandant Rajesh Kumar Tomar for organizing the tournament smoothly
and successfully. The tournament was participated by every sector of ITBP, including
Tezpur, Gangtok, Leh, L&C, Bareilly, Dehradun, Bhubneswar, Almora, Itanagar,
Delhi, Lucknow, Shimla and Amritsar participated in the tournament.
The main highlight of the closing ceremony was the impressive march-past by all the
The tournament was declared open by Commandant, 40th ITBP, Ram Meher Singh, on August
The main objective of this competition was to inculcate sportsman spirit among ITBP
jawans and realize the importance of sports in day to day life.
Repercussion following attack on doctor
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: There has been massive repercussion after yesterday’s incident
at Pine Grove, Ziro, where Dr Tage Kano was allegedly assaulted by GREF personnel.
Dr Kano, who is currently, posted at CHC, Old Ziro and associated with Future Generations
Arunachal on honorarium position, was allegedly attacked by GREF personnel in front
of his daughter and wife following an argument.
The doctor was hurt in the attack as the GREF officials tied him up with a rope and
beat in front of his minor daughter and wife.
Mob of around 100 local residents armed with dao’s, 12 bore guns, crowbars attacked
the GREF camp and burnt down the officers mess building and caused extensive damage
to the adjoining buildings, stores and equipments kept inside. Several vehicles parked
nearby were also damaged in the assault.
Confirming the incident Superintendent of Police, Lower Subansiri informed that nobody
was injured in the attack and damages have been inflicted on the camp. He further
added that police is camping at the GREF camp and situation is under control. GREF
officials said that though there were armed security guards present at the camp at
the time of today’s assault, the guards were restrained from retaliating to prevent
further escalation of the matter. The official further informed that after yesterday’s
incident, camp OC of Pine Grove and other officers of GREF had called on Dr Tage
Kano at his residence on Tuesday morning as friendly gesture and to inform him that
whatever had happened was due to the GREF Personnel not knowing his identity. However
despite this peace gesture, camp was attacked, it said.
The official further termed the news carried on the assault in this daily as one
sided while adding that entire incident happened because of mis-understanding and
report that GREF personnel assaulted Dr Kano is not true.
The official further went on to add that personnel of BRO drawn from all parts of
the country and are working in Arunachal Pradesh away from their families to assist
in the progress and development of the state while adding that such kind of incident
demoralizes the spirit of personnel working in Arunachal. He further requested authorities
to promptly apprehend the attackers and book by them under law.
Meanwhile PR Leaders and village leaders of Tajang have given 24 hours for arrest
of culprits. It further called on the GREF to vacate the area within a week’s time.
Lower Subansiri Arunachal Pradesh Doctors Association has condemned the attack on
its colleague. It threatened to go on protest if the administration does not take
action within 24 hours.
Ngunu Ziro in a statement called for arrest of those involved in the manhandling
of the doctor. It said Dr Kano has been instrumental in empowering people at the
grassroots levels apart from giving medical attention to those in need.
Itanagar Tage Welfare Society, condemn the physical assault committed by security
personnel of BRTF on Dr Kano. It said that the villagers of Tajang had given its
ancestral land temporarily free of any compensation decades back for their establishment.
In return they did nothing for the welfare of our Tajang village. It further said
that the atrocity meted to Dr. Kano is not an isolated case as on earlier occasions
also villagers had to face the brunt of atrocity committed by the BRTF personnel.
It demanded the BRTF to vacate the land occupied by the BRTF at Pine-Grove area immediately
while urging the District Magistrate to issue arrest warrant immediately against
all those who were involved in the brutal attack on Dr. Kano under appropriate section
Meanwhile Apatani Youth Association has condemned the alleged assault of Dr Tage
Kano by GREF personnel.
Association has demanded arrest of alleged culprit and added that this is seventh
time GREF officials has been involved in altercation with locals of Pine Grove.
Itanagar Tajang Welfare Committee said that in as civilized society such kind of
immoral act is totally condemnable. It requested the authority concerned to arrest
the culprit(s) immediately and give exemplary punishment. It further called on the
GREF authority to cooperate and handover the culprit(s) to the Police immediately
to ensure good relations with the local denizen.
Apatani Students Union (ASU) urged the General Commandant GREF to take a drastic
action against those involved and demanded suspension of all the personnel involved
in the manhandling Dr Kano.
The union also urged the Deputy Commissioner to arrest all GREF personnel involved
within 72 hours, otherwise, it threatened to take its course of action against the
Dr. Kano is responsible and respected person in the society. Therefore, question
of his misbehavior toward any person does not arise, the union said while adding
that it will not tolerate any such kind of misbehavior.
ECI photo exhibition
NAHARLAGUN, Aug 31: As a part of year long Diamond Jubilee Celebration of the Election
Commission of India, the Election Commission is organizing Photo Exhibitions in all
states of the country. To mark the event, a three day long Photo Exhibition is being
organized at Nirvachan Bhawan campus, Itanagar from September 3 to 5 next.
The exhibition is organized by the Election Commission of India in collaboration
with Chief Electoral Officer, Itanagar, District Election Officer, Papum Pare, DC
Capital Complex, DAVP Regional Office, Guwahati and State Directorate of Information
& Public Relations. During the Exhibition, in addition to 22 panels of photographs
received from Election Commission, 15 more photographs of notable local significance
in Arunachal Pradesh shall also be displayed. The Photo Exhibition would be inaugurated
by the Judge of Gauhati High Court, Justice K Mereeno on September 3 next. The Exhibition
would remain open for public visit from Sep 4 and 5. A painting competition for the
students selected by the DDSE shall also be conducted on Sep 4 at Nirvachan Bhawan
and the selected paintings shall be displayed at the Exhibition. (DIPRO)
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Arunachal would celebrate the Solung, the festival of the Adis
which starts from Sept 1.
The Governor and Chief Minister of the state have greeted the citizens on the occasion
Governor Gen JJ Singh in a message expressed his hope that the festive occasion would
usher in happiness, bumper harvest, peace and tranquility in the society.
Chief Minister Dorjee Khandu in his message expressed his hope that celebration will
strengthen the emotional integration and foster feelings of brotherhood and mutual
understanding amongst our citizens and bring prosperity, happiness and tranquility
in the society. He further appealed the citizens to preserve the unique but rich
traditional culture and pass on to the younger generation for its continuity.
Education Minister Bosiram Siram has extended his greeting to the people of the state
on the auspicious occasion of Solung.
In a festival message, the minister said, ‘the significance of festival has greatly
widened in every society and better sense always prevails. The characteristics of
tribal virtue of order, fidelity, generosity, hospitality, truthfulness and kindness
are the merit of our festivals which strengthens the true spirit of unity, sacrifice
and compassion.’ ‘The true reflection of agro-socio, spiritual and cultural vivacity
of Solung provides supreme expression of love, tranquility peace and joy, therefore,
its no wonder why it is liked, loved and greatly popular’, the message read.
SEPPA, Aug 31: Taking serious note of ongoing power disruption in Seppa due to frequent
felling of trees and bamboos dislocating the power transmission lines and excessive
illegal hooking by some inhabitants, the East Kameng District Magistrate Tope Bam
yesterday issued prohibitory order restraining all residents of Seppa township from
planting any bamboos or trees along with the power transmission lines and also directed
to voluntarily cut all such existing bamboos or trees by planters themselves.
Meanwhile he restricted the inhabitants of Seppa township to refrain from any illegal
hooking which would be immediately disconnected by the department after proper physical
State Level Science Seminar
Dendro Mihu of V.KV Roing bags the first place
NAHARLAGUN, Aug 31: Dendro Mihu from V.KV Roing will represent the State at the
National level Science Seminar to be held in October next at Bangalore.
Mihu has bagged the first place at the State Level Science Seminar on this year’s
theme of –India and world science: are we there? held today while Rikmi Changmi of
Ramakrishna Sarada Mission, Khonsa took the second place followed by Gaurav Dubey,
Public School Rupa who got the third place.
Participated by altogether13 young budding scientists from various districts of the
state, the State Level Seminar has been organized by the Directorate of School Education,
Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh in collaboration with National Council of Science Museums,
The Chief Guest, Director NERIST, Prof J. Choubey addressing the students on the
occasion, stressed on promotion of Scientific temperament among young students and
called upon them to develop and inculcate a sense of inquisitiveness and make scientific
belief a habit.
Science is essential to understand ourselves and our surroundings, he asserted adding
that Indians have carved a niche in the scientific field through their various contributions
and commands respect in the Science domain.
Speaking on India’s place in the world Science, he said that India has still a lot
to strive to reach the level of western nations in the field of Science. However,
he expressed happiness at the increasingly growing interest in Science among the
young generation adding that India needs to regain its ancient glory in the field
He also laid stress on increasing on enhancing central Govt. allocation on Science
and Technology for its further promotion.
Joint Director of School Education, Hage Tatung in his address advocated for launching
scheme to encourage young budding scientists. Underling the role of Science, he said
that Science has contributed a lot for the betterment of humanity and also creating
Earlier, DDSE (Science & Maths) A. Tayeng informed that the Science Seminar is organized
annually at School, District and State level on a uniform specific topic in the state.
Informing that such effort is a step towards strengthening science education in
the state, he said that the aim of such science seminar is to inculcate a spirit
of scientific temperament in young students and analytical thinking. Further, it
is also a platform for budding students’ scientists for exchange of innovative ideas
and providing exposure, he added. (DIPRO)
IDEA skill development training inaugurated at Daporijo
Daporijo, Aug 31: Itanagar Diocesan Empowerment Association (IDEA) in collaboration
with NABARD inaugurated an intensive skill development training programme for 25
school drop-out girls and women SHGS on Aug 25 at Sacred Heart School Campus Daporijo.
EE, PWD Dani Gambo who inaugurated the programme lauded the initiatives of IDEA and
said that IDEA is empowering individuals with the skills necessary to earn an income
and support their families. So he called upon the participants to put heart and soul
and take full advantage of the opportunity given to them to be self-reliant women.
Dy. Director (ICDS) Dani Yami, highlighted the hard work of IDEA in shaping the lives
of rural women in various districts of Arunachal Pradesh through Health, education
and women empowerment programmes. She further said that through SDP, IDEA has laid
a stepping stone to success for the rural women to strive for higher goals.
Speaking on the occasion CMF, Principal Sacred Heart School Fr. Tomy Edasseriparampil
encouraged the participants to develop entrepreneurial abilities to set up their
own micro-enterprises and income-generating activities through this skill development
program. He also pointed out that IDEA is creating a lot of skilled man power to
mainstream the rural people. He thanked GM NABARD Dr. B.G.Mukhopayay, for availing
such growth-oriented people’s programmes for the rural people through IDEA.
Pen down strike
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: All Papum Pare District Unit Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Teachers’ Association
(APPDUSSATA) extended its support to pen down strike proposed by its parent’s body
from Sept 16 in favour its demand for regularization of SSA teachers on seniority
Most of the primary and middle schools are run by SSA teachers, even some highly
qualified SSA teachers offer their service as assistant teachers at secondary and
higher secondary levels, the association unit said.
It further resented that despite their dedicated service with meager amount of salary
in the days of sky rocketing prices, the authorities failed to redress the grievances
of the SSA teachers. The Association unit demanded early regularization of the SSA
teachers on seniority basis.
ABSU demands teachers
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: All Bokar Students’ Union (ABSU) demanded immediate posting of
regular JT and AT teachers in many schools of Monigong circle under Mechuka block
of West Siang.
Teacher Students ratio is far away from the prescribed proportion under Right to
Education(RTE) Act, it said while adding that most Primary schools are running only
with one or two SSA teachers while Middle schools and Secondary school are being
run by four to five SSA and hardly one to two regular teachers.
It requested the concerned authorities to immediately post JT’s And AT’s in the area
failing which it threatened to agitate.
DEMHSS lift Solung trophy
PASIGHAT, August 31: Dying Ering Memorial Higher Secondary School (DEMHSS ) lifted
the Solung Trophy thrashing Yagrung Govt. Sec. School 6-2 in the final played at
General Ground here today.
Enjoying the final match as chief guest, Education Minister Bosiram Siram advised
the players to maintain physical and mental strength to become a good sportspersons.
He also stressed on regular practice and balanced diet by a sportspersons to excel
in their chosen events. The Education Minister gave away the trophies and cash prizes
to the winners and runners up teams.
The football tournament was sponsored by the CSFCC’10 (Central Solung Festival Celebration
Committee) and organized by DFA (District Sports Association).
Altogether six teams participated in the tournament.
Jeevan Nath, best Goalkeeper, Vijay Dupak, highest scorer and Dukin Padung all from
DEMHSS team were awarded by the Er. D.K. Padung President CSFCC, Er. T. Darang and
Dr. E. Lego.
Member of Parliament Ninnong Ering was the guest of honour. DIPRO.
Ornamental Fish Culture for Entrepreneurship Development in Arunachal Pradesh
Aquarium fish keeping has emerged as the second most popular hobby in recent years
next to photography. The practice of keeping ornamental fish as pets is said to have
originated with keeping of gold fish in glass bowls in China several hundred years
ago. Keeping of fish in glass aquarium started in 1805. The first public display
aquarium was opened at Reagents’ Park in England in 1853. There are over 500 public
aquaria presently functioning throughout the world. This event triggered the craze
of aquarium keeping at homes.
In India, the hobby of keeping ornamental fishes as pets bloomed with the opening
of the Taraporevala Aquarium in Mumbai in 1951. India’s present overall trade in
ornamental fish has crossed Rs. 150 million. It is estimated to be growing at the
rate of 20% every year and the present domestic demand is higher than the supply.
Ornamental fish breeding and culture is concentrated in and around the metro cities
of India viz., Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.
Aquarium keeping as a hobby got a boost in the northeastern India when the Gauhati
Nursery set up the first aquarium shop in Guwahati around 1977. This region of India
has been recognized as a global hot spot of freshwater fish biodiversity, harbouring
250 ornamental fish species. The highest number of ornamental fish species have been
recorded from Assam (187), followed by Arunachal Pradesh (165), Meghalaya (159),
Manipur (139), Tripura (103), Nagaland (71), Mizoram (46) and Sikkim (29). The major
shares of country’s export are from northeastern states, which comprise as much as
85% of total trade.
Developing entrepreneurship in Arunachal Pradesh:
The unemployment problem in the region is growing, not because there is lack of opportunities
but because the unemployed youth have failed to take advantage of the opportunities
available. Therefore to boost the self-employment and rural economy, this native
ornamental fish can play a key role. The concept of entrepreneurship development
through ornamental fish farming is gaining popularity day by day. Many people have
entered into this lucrative business of culturing and breeding through farming. As
a result many ancillaries and pet shops have come up in cities and towns.
Factors that contribute to the development of this sector are,
(i) Northeast region has the advantage of a mild climate, suitable soft water and
abundant natural waters.
(ii) Export facilities through Kolkota airport.
(iii) Abundance of freshwater resource of high export value.
Aquarium fish are grouped into two categories viz., egg-layers (oviparous) and live-bearers
(ovo-viviparous), though some categorize them as egg-layers without parental care
(non-guarders), egg-layers with parental care (guarders), egg barriers, mouth-incubators,
nest builders and egg-carriers. Important groups of egg-layers are barbs, rasboras,
goldfish, tetras, danios, betas and gouramis and the major live-bearers are guppies,
platties, mollies and swordtails.
A beginner or an entrepreneur should start work on breeding and culture of live-bearers
followed by goldfish for self-acquaintance with the procedures on handling and maintenance
of brood fish and young ones. Local farmers/ entrepreneurs should be made aware about
the commercial value of various indigenous fishes as ornamental fish which are otherwise
used for food fish. Co-operative societies, fish farmer federations should be established
in potential places to facilitate in availability of inputs and a ready and steady
market. This is high time that the state Arunachal Pradesh become aware of the potential
and take advantage of its biological wealth for generating enormous employment opportunities
for the local people besides earning valuable foreign exchange for the country. (The
contributor is Subject-Matter Specialist (Fisheries), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dirang,
Public spending on Health
Dr D Padung
The institutional capacity is a vital ingredient in providing effective services.
When this capacity is inadequate, health spending, even on the right services, may
lead to little actual provision of services. The net effect of government health
services depends on the severity of market failures—the more severe the market failures,
the greater the potential for government services to have an impact.
The concept called primary health care, or health for all, enshrined in Alma Ata
Declaration 1978, has dominated much of the discussion of health policy in developing
countries. Yet in many developing countries, the public budget for health is principally
absorbed by public hospitals staffed by doctors expensively trained at public expense
who use costly medical technologies to treat conditions of the urban elite, while
in those same countries, children die from diseases that could have been treated
for a few cents or avoided altogether with basic hygienic practices.
The primary health care efforts can be successful even in very poor regions. Kerala,
in India with very low annual per capita income in purchasing power parity dollars,
has a very low infant mortality rate. The existing allocation of health expenditures
toward curative care in secondary and tertiary facilities, such as hospitals and
clinics to which patients are referred, is inappropriate and that a reorientation
of government efforts toward primary health care would bring both health gains and
Has Primary Health Care Been Effective?
First, given a level of total health expenditures, more spending on primary health
care activities and greater access to primary health care services should be associated
with lower aggregate mortality. Second, at the local level (household, village) greater
access to primary health care facilities should reduce mortality. Third, projects
that develop primary care facilities should reduce mortality.
An empirical regularity that would support primary health care would be that the
availability of primary-level health facilities or community health workers had a
demonstrable impact on the local health status of individuals and communities.
Creation of Effective Health Services
Primary health care may have little impact on health status not because such care
is unimportant but because, the efficacy of government health interventions may be
In a client survey of women who had delivered a child in the past two years at rural
health centers in Zimbabwe listed the most frequently cited disadvantages of giving
birth in an institution. These were “ridiculed by nurses” for not having baby clothes
(22 percent), “maternity fees” (16 percent), “nurses ordered mothers to wash used
linen soon after delivery” (16 percent), and “nurses hit mothers during delivery”(13
percent). Moreover, in nearly every country one can find rural health clinics that
have no drugs, although government financed medicines are readily available on the
Evidence on Quality
An example of the problematic nature of some of the measures is that the absence
of various types of drugs is often used to indicate inadequacies in public health
delivery. Both the ineffectiveness of low-level public sector health clinics and
the element of individual choice are highlighted in the phenomenon called “bypassing,”
which occurs when people choose to bypass the closest public facility in favor of
either more costly private facilities or higher-level public facilities. The bypassed
public facilities had fewer doctors, nurses, and services and less equipment than
public facilities that were not bypassed.
There is no accountability for physicians or nurses, no rewards for extraordinary
performance, and no punishment for inadequate or nonexistent performance. There is
no management control over staff and essentially no returns to effective management.
How Can the Public Sector Deliver High-Quality Services?
Even strong advocates of primary health care would agree that governments do not
always provide high-quality health services. Is failure, then, is the result of resource
constraints, ignorance, and mistakes, or is it a systematic and expected result of
(dis)incentives created by institutional and organizational arrangements? If one
is convinced that existing public sector problems are easily remediable through larger
budgets, earmarked inputs, additional training, or technical assistance of various
kinds, there is no reason to back away from public provision as a strategy. But if
one is convinced that the failures are endemic and intrinsic to the especially low
capability of the public sector, then perhaps the entire strategy for delivering
health services needs rethinking.
Doctors and nurses do not perceive themselves as performing for the money, or because
of threats or close scrutiny, but out of professional pride and affiliation. When
the underlying control mechanisms are weak or nonexistent, however, professionalism
is not a powerful enough inducement.
The role of social and political factors in generating the effective performance
of government agencies is well known. In West Bengal, where success was achieved
“because the state government appointed cadres at every health center to report on
doctors or nurses who did not put all their time and effort into their services or
who discriminated between patients”.
One reason could be that extending publicly funded health care could merely crowd
out the consumption of equally effective private services. Even if the government
were to deliver health services effectively, the health impact would depend not on
the total use of public services but rather on how public provision affected total
use of all services. The degree to which public spending affects overall health services
depends on few factors.
• The smaller the overall elasticity of demand for health services, the smaller the
impact of public spendings. Low elasticity of demand (demand that is unresponsive
to price and distance) may well be the crux of the matter. It is assumed that individuals
place a high value on necessary health services; the demand for them would be fairly
insensitive to circumstances such as price or availability.
• The larger the private sector, the smaller the impact of public spending. Private
(nongovernment) spending made up the largest percentage of health spending in nearly
all-poor countries, accounting for about 75 percent in South Asia.
• The greater the extents to which people see the private sector as a substitute
for the public sector, the smaller the impact of public spending.
• The larger the private sector response to public interventions, the smaller the
impact of public spending. Changes in the price or availability of government interventions
may induce a private supply response that can mitigate any actual impact on health
Why is the evidence so thin for the seemingly plausible argument that primary health
care is the best way to improve health in developing countries? The first is that
governments often find it difficult to translate public spending into effective services,
and the second is that of all the types of health services that the public sector
might provide, primary care is the one that the private sector is likely to move
away from as a result of any increase in public supply.
An alternative way of looking at policy in the health sector focuses on a careful
analysis of the characteristic market failures the degree to which policy benefits
reach the poor, and the government’s ability to provide various kinds of services.
Finally, the public health activities need to emphasize control of infectious diseases,
largely through environmental changes, it should include demand-side mechanisms to
improve routine clinical care and the policymakers must reconsider the role of hospital
services as a practical means for governments to address inadequacies in insurance
markets. (The contributor is State Nodal Officer, NRHM)
Faith on law for justice
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Expressing serious concern at the alleged attempt on life of one
Kabuk Lego, a NERIST student on Aug 28, a relative of Lego hoped that law will take
its own course of action for justice. He also appreciated the reported disciplinary
action taken by the authorities against the alleged attacker one Hage Nobin.
However he expressed concern that despite the intention of the alleged culprit, the
Police authorities has pressed mild charges.
When contact police informed that law will take its own course of action.
AKKYO welcome Govt decision on PDS
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: All Kurung Kumey Youth Organization (AKKYO) endorsed the recent
joint resolution adopted by the Govt. officials and public leaders of Kurung Kumey
District at SIRD office for proper and smooth functioning of Public Distribution
System (PDS) in Kurung Kumey district.
Welcoming the decision, the organisation said the poor people who could not avail
essential PDS commodities for years together will now get ration items under the
The recent resolution adopted by the Govt officials and public leaders of Kurung
Kumey is the ultimate demand of the people of district. Therefore, any attempt to
disturb aforesaid resolution from being implementated would be against the interest
of people of district, the organization said.
Describing the demand of the AKKDSU for cancellation of resolution as irrational,
against the desire and interest of the people and politically motivated, the AKKYO
said public interest should be taken into consideration before any decision is made
against the resolution.
Change of nomenclature
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: The nomenclature of the Arunachal Youth Organization has been changed
to All Arunachal Pradesh Youth Organization (AAPYO) in a meeting of the association
held here yesterday.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Arunachal Pradesh Congress Committee has welcomed decision of Assam
based NGOs and various student organizations for lifting economic blockade imposed
against people of Tirap and Changlang. APCC has further thanked government of Assam
and government of Arunachal for their prompt response to bring peace in the area
which is the need of the hour. Further they have appealed the people of both Assam
and Arunachal living along the border to maintain peace and harmony to preserve age
old friendly relation between two states.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: ANMA Integrated Development Association, Kurung Kumey has organized
twp skill developments training on hip loom weaving and tailoring for rural SHG women
in Sangram on Aug 25 under the sponsorship of NABARD.
GM assures better network
ITANAGAR: All Upper Subansiri District Students Union (AUSDSU) has called up on general
manager of BSNL and apprised him of the problems faced by people of district due
to poor network in the area. After listening patiently to the grievances of students,
general manager assured that within next few days tower that have established in
the area would start functioning.
Further AUSDSU requested the general manager not to relocate the proposed BSNL WLL
tower from Tachi Putung. Union termed the present site as the best one in terms of
Society to stage hunger strike
ITANAGAR: All Arunachal Pradesh Handicapped Welfare Society has decided to stage
hunger strike from Sept 3 to 6 in protest against non-implementation of the state
policy for the benefit of disabled people under persons with Disabilities Act 1995.
The society resented that since the enactment of Act in 1995, the state Govt did
nothing for the welfare of the handicapped people.
ITANAGAR: RK Mission Hospital Itanagar is celebrating National Fortnight (25 Aug-8
Sept) on Eye Donations in collaboration with Light for the World, Australia on Sept
Dr Deepak Kumar, DC Capital Complex will be the Chief Guest while Dr T Basar, Director
of Health Services would be the Chief Guest.
Symposium on Yobin
ITANAGAR: Sokjar and Gamde Gamlim Foundation is organizing a symposium on “Yobin-a
marginalized tribe in search of Arunachalee identity here in Itanagar on Sept 1.
Finance Minister Setong Sena would deliver the key note speech. Other speakers include
Power Minister Jarbom Gamlin, MLA Passang Dorjee Sona, NESO Secy General Gumjum
Haider, Gen Secy Tujum Poyom, ACR President Bamang Tago, Academic Dr Nani Bath and
Dr Sarit Chaudhury among others.
Union declares bandh
ITANAGAR: Pushi Bango Students’ Union (PBSU) in its meeting held recently declared
phase-wise bandhs in favour of its various demands.
Pointing out the 20 days ultimatum submitted to the West Siang DC on Aug 10 demanding
posting of teachers in various schools of Pushi Bango area, the union said it will
observe 1st phase 24-hour bandh on Sept 3. This will be followed by 36 hours bandh
on Sept 6 and 48 hours bandh on Sept 10, the union said.
EDP on mushroom farming
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Action Aid Society Arunachal (AASA) which has been conducting a
series of entrepreneurship programme for unemployed, farmers and SHG since 2004 in
various districts of Arunachal Pradesh would organize one more entrepreneur’s training
on mushroom farming at Naharlagun. The training shall include of theory class on
traits and principle of entrepreneurs, scope and opportunity, marketing strategy
and how and where to avail financial support etc .Any interested individual and party
may avail the free training just by registering themselves at AASA office.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Mecha Welfare Society organized a one day awareness programme on
Aug 23 for 59 SHG members on Book Keeping and Bank Linkage at Deed village, Lower
Subansiri. The training was sponsored by NABARD, Itanagar.
While addressing the participants, ASM, Deed village Neelam Yan emphasized that the
participants should learn more about the SHG concept and should give their best to
make their SHGs sustainable.
Former ZPM Toko Rich encouraged the participants by participating in the programme
The topics dealt during the training were Concept of SHG, Importance of maintaining
SHG registers, Saving and Minute registers and Bank Linkage.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: All Tali Area Students Union (ATASU) regretted wrong information
regarding appointment of four advisory board members, while it is under process for
solution to the case through the Tali Constituency Collegians Forum.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: The students and youth of the Tengri, Debe, Gollo, Papu Hote, Gumtung,
Rasi, Chamte, Mado, Palin and Nangnyo villages under Pijerang circle in East Kameng
district formed All Upper Papu Youth Welfare Association to look into the problems
of the villagers and unemployed youths.
The Association formed recently at New Seppa will be headed by Ramesh Tana as acting
chairman. John Tana and Ram Tana have seen selected as vice chairman and secretary
Capital Young Youth Democratic Forum (CYYIDF) has been formed in a meeting held yesterday
with Phassang Sajen, Kipa Taram and Tadar Taro as president, vice president and general
secretary respectively. The Forum will work for development and eradication of social
evils from Capital circle.
ITANAGAR, Aug 31: Lekhi Tsering, Rinchin Phuntso and Tharpa Monpa have been appointed
as president, vice-president and general secretary of All Arunachal Pradesh Worker’s
Union Tawang district unit.