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19 Assam Rifles recovers arms at Zedua

ITANAGAR, Sept 11: 19 Assam Rifles recovered cache of arms after a search operation launched at Zedua village yesterday.

While on a routine patrol one youth was apprehended yesterday at around 2 PM after he was seen suspiciously moving around near a Deomali Hotel.

When interrogated, he revealed that heavily armed NSCN (IM) cadres are present at Zedua Village.  

Acting swiftly on this information a search operation was launched by the troops of   19 Assam Rifles in Zedua the same day.

After an hour the troops saw four cadres of NSCN (IM) running out from a house. The column of troops chased the cadres but taking advantage of the foliage and darkness they melted into the thick jungle.  

On searching the place from where cadres escaped, a Grenade and one bipod of 7.62 mm Light Machine Gun was recovered that was dropped by the panic stricken fleeing militants.   

The troops of 19 Assam Rifles then came back to the Zedua vill and carried out house clearing drill wherein house to house search was done.  

While searching one of the house another Grenade, 40 Live rounds of AK - 47 Assault Rifle, 32 Live rounds of 7.62 Light Machine Gun, 04 Rounds of .303 Rifle, One live round of 5.56 mm INSAS Rifle, a Nokia mobile charger, One pair of combat dress, NSCN (IM) Capt rank epaulettes, medicines, large qty of incriminating documents, extortion letters of NSCN (IM) and a diary containing list of mobile numbers were recovered.  

Further investigation and combing operation are being done and troops of 19 Assam Rifles have sanitized the entire area.  


Efforts on to help Nyigam cope with fire tragedy

ITANAGAR, Sept 12: Galo Community of Lower Dibang Valley working under various departments has contributed Rs 39050 to the fire victims of Nyigam Village in Basar Sub Division.

Dr. Jumdak Bam VO who is the Vice-President of Galo Welfare Society (GWS) district unit appealed to the community residing across the state to contribute to the relief fund to give immediate succor to the victims of the deadly Fire.

108 houses were gutted down in the area rendering at least thousand people homeless.             

The Art of Living Arunachal Pradesh has launched a drive to mobilise relief material for the people affected by this week’s fire tragedy in Nyigam village in Basar. To start with, the NGO is mobilizing clothes for distribution to the victims through its sister organization International Association of Human Values (IAHV).

In Itanagar, it has issued an appeal to the general public to donate man’s and woman’s clothing which are in good condition. Donations in clothes and cash will be collected at the Art of Living Centre in H Sector.

The NGO, founded by Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, will also soon start trauma relief programmes to help the victims overcome the trauma of the tragedy, in which 108 houses were gutted down to ashes. IAHV is also exploring the ways and means of assisting the victims in long-term rehabilitation.

Citizens can contact the organisation at 9856028453 or 9436898022 for further information.

Galo Welfare Society while expressing shock on the regularity of fire accident that had happened in the on going week at Nyigam village, Basar, Karpu Kendra memorial school and St Thomas Messok memorial school both at Bogdo Aalo, expressed its heartfelt sympathy to the victims of these fire accidents.

In order to show its solidarity and support to the victims and in continuation to its gesture of contributing Rs one lac for Nyigam village where 108 houses were gutted, GWS contributes Rs 15000/ each to both the schools.

GWS while thanking Chief Minister and MP Western Parliamentary constituency and all other generous donors for their prompt support and response to the fire victims of Nyigam village, also appeals the Govt to sanction some emergency relief to help the school administrations to avoid losses of academic classes of the students as class rooms along with its furniture are reportedly all burnt down. GWS also appeals people dwelling in traditional houses in particular where chances of occurrences of such fire accidents are comparatively more to take necessary precautions in kitchens whether using fire wood or LPG or burning paddy husk to prepare local drinks or in regards to installation of proper and recommended electrical fittings and wirings by licensed electricians.

It further appeals the youth volunteers in villages to perform fire inspection duty religiously in all villages on turnwise basis every day as is already in practice in some of villages.


Action against school authority demanded

ITANAGAR, Sep 12: Arunachal Pradesh Youth Congress (APYC), Upper Subansiri Galo Students’ Union (USGSU) and All Baririjo Area Students’ Union (ABASU) have filed a complaint against the authorities of Holy Child School, H-sector Itanagar.

The complaint was filed after the police found the body of a young school boy from a ditch behind the school.

The organizations claimed that the father of the deceased had warned the school authorities in writing that the life of his child was not secured in the school after he received a false complaint from the school authority that his son was involved in a fight with other students.

It further infomred that the warden said that late Ngakar Hete attended school on September 8 whereas the school principal’s statement says that the deceased has not been seen in the school for the last two weeks.

They further alleged that the warden is no longer available in the school. Such facts points towards the evident murder of the child by either the students of the school or the school authorities, they said.

The organization alleged that the school authorities have not only neglected their duties but have also failed to co-operate with the parents of late Ngakar when they repeatedly visited the school to know the where about of their late son.

They have demanded immediate arrest of the culprits involved and sanction of exemplary punishment so that such incident is not repeated in the future.   

Meanwhile, Investigation Officer S I Inya Ete informed that postmortem has been completed and the report is awaited while the body of the deceased has been handed over to the family.


Krishi Vigyan Kendra: The Light House for Rural People

By Manish Kanwat,

R. Bhagawati

Krishi Vigyan Kendra ( K.V.K. ) is a noble concept developed by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) which was rest upon a solid base of transfer of technology from laboratory to farmer's field with respect to Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Plant Protection, Extension Education, Home Science and allied subjects. As per the recommendations of Mohan Singh Meheta Committee during 1974, K.V.K.s were established in different states. Gradually working guidelines are prepared to make the K.V.K. as the light house for the rural people. Indian Council of Agricultural Research emphasized on the research on agriculture and allied subject during 1960's to generate new technology for increasing crop production in different agro-climatic zones of the country. A lot of technologies were generated through constant effort of the scientists to boost up the production. But the technologies so generated in the research field are not transferred through extension agencies of different state Government. It is observed that a lot of technologies could not reach the farmer due to high cost of adoption, lack of the interest of the extension agencies. Hence the transfer of the technology was not complete and effective. Keep all these view in mind later on K.V.Ks were established for easy and active participation of farmers through Front Line Demonstration and on Farm Testing. As per the mandate of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, K.V.K. will operate under the administrative control ICAR institutes , State Agricultural University (SAU) or Non Government Organisation (NGOs) situated in a particular area. Different scientists from different disciplines as per the specific requirement of that particular area are posted in the Krishi Vigyan Kendra as Subject Matter Specialist. Generally there are six Subject Matter Specialist   posted in the K.V.K. i.e.  (i) Subject Matter Specialist (Crop Production) to look after the experiment on field crops as well as provide training and advice on different field crops. (ii) Subject Matter Specialist (Horticulture) looks after the training and demonstration on horticultural crops such as vegetables, fruits and flowers and now emphasizing on processing and value addition of the Horticultural produce (iii) Subject Matter Specialist (Plant Protection) Provides training and demonstration on control of different pests and diseases in different crops. He also imparts training and advice on different types of pesticides and insecticides, their methods and time of application .In the context he also motivates the farmers to cultivate mushroom and take as enterprise for earning the money (iv) Subject Matter Specialist (Animal Science) looks after overall growth and management of animal resource of that particular area. He also imparts training and advices on Broiler farming, Backyard poultry Farming, Piggery, Dairy Farming as well as rabbit rearing etc. (v) Subject Matter Specialist (Agricultural Extension Education) provide the training and demonstrations of the various technologies which is newly released, he also act as bridge between the researcher and farmers he create the zeal among the farmers about to be acquainted with new  technologies which is suited with locality , he is the person who take the lead for conducting the Participatory Rural Appraisal and Bench Mark Survey for assessing the preliminary information about available resources and identified the thrust area, initiate the farmers about formation of Self Help Group and their motivate to start the  micro-finance system among the people  (vi) Subject Matter Specialist (Home Science) involved in the improvement of skill and attitude of the farmers and farm women as well as provides advices and training on Stitching, Tailoring and knitting,  kitchen gardening preparation of nutritional food and different handicrafts. She also imparts training regarding the preservation and storage of fruits and vegetables for rural youths of the adopted village.

Programme Coordinator is head of the K. V .K. family, he coordinates the work of all scientists for smooth functioning of the K.V.K. as well as for the benefit of the rural people of that particular area. He is also liaisoning with other line departments for better coordination and effective implementation of different programs of the K.V.K. in the adopted village. Every K.V.K. has adopted 4 to 6 economically, culturally and technologically backward villages situated within the jurisdiction of the  K.V.K. These villages are not too small or too large. Before adoption a detailed survey of the village was conducted to study the socio-economic and cultural status of that village. Now-a-days Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tool was used to conduct the survey in which the village people are actively participated in the process. The village map was drawn by the help of different colour by the villagers themselves and different prominent structures of the village such as school, temple, river, club etc. were depicted in that map. These structures will help the scientists to conduct the survey easily and smoothly. Basing upon the survey the field crop maps, animal resource map and other ancillary maps were prepared for future use. After the survey work detailed plan of work was chalked out and depending upon the requirement different activities were undertaken in different areas by K.V.K. scientists.

The objectives of all the activities undertaken by K.V.K. are :

(a)  To demonstrate the new improved technology to the farmers as well as to the extension agencies directly in the farmers field with their active participation.

(b) To identify the important problems of that area as per the need of the farmers and prioritization of the identified problems as per their importance.

(c)  To collect feed back from the farmers and extension agencies and to communicate these massage to research scientists for modification of technology.

(d) To impart training on different topics to different group of the villagers. .

(e) To provide new and important information to the extension agencies and NGOs for wider circulation in that locality to improve their economic condition.

(f) To prepare different extension models and verify these models in the farmers field with their participation to create confidence among them.

To achieve the above mentioned objectives K.V.K. undertake following types of activities in the adopted villages:

(1) Farm Advisory Service (2) Training programme for different categories of people.

(3) Training programme for the extension functionaries. (4) Front Line Demonstration

(Fill) (5) On Farm Testing (OFT).

Farm Advisory Services:

Krishi Vigyan Kendra otherwise known as Farm Science Center. It provides solution to any problems related to agriculture and allied subjects as and when faced by farmers of that particular locality. Interested farmers /persons can get proper advices regarding the establishment of new entrepreneurship on non traditional sector. The main function of advisory service center is to provide continuous and constructive advice along with sound theory and practical knowledge to the contact villagers regarding agriculture and its allied subjects for their cultural and economical improvement. The objectives of the Farm Advisory Center are as follows:

(a) To study the socio economic status of the villagers.

(b) To keep close relationship between K.V.K. and villagers.

(c) To prepare individual farm model for uplift of rural people.

(d) To provide training and advice to the rural people so as to enable them to take part

in the agricultural planning of the village, blocks as well as district.

(e) Formation of farm club, farm center or village committee for easy transfer of new

Information related to agriculture to the villagers in short time.

Training programme for different categories of people:

Training is one of the most important activities of Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Training

is planned and systematic effort to increase the knowledge, improves the skill and change the attitude of a person towards a particular subject. Training need assessment is the first

and foremost factor to be considered before conducting any training programme. Depending upon the need and categories of trainees, K.V.K. imparts mainly following three types of training:

(a) Training to the practicing farmers and farm women: Training on different subjects were conducted by the scientists of the K.V.K. as per the need of the local farmers of a particular area as well as the types of trainees and different audio visual aids are used to increase the efficiency of the training. As the trainees are practicing farmers and farmwomen, more emphasis was given on the practical than theory to improve their skill to change their attitude and increase their knowledge for that particular topic.

(b) Training to the Rural Youth: This type of training was imparted to the rural youth (Both male and female) mostly those are left their education in midway i.e. school dropouts. The main objective of this training is to provide sufficient knowledge and skill

regarding a new entrepreneurship so that they can start their own business singly or collectively and generate some income for their livelihood. The main thrust areas of this type of training are mushroom cultivation, bee keeping, preservation of fruits and vegetables, broiler farming, goat rearing, tailoring, wool knitting, hand crafts and exotic vegetable cultivation etc. for more profit. In this training more emphasis was given on the practical aspects and trainees were do the practical themselves to get more confidence. The scientists of the K.V.K. provide knowledge regarding the availability of the raw materials as well as the marketing of different products in that particular locality for the interested  participants.

(c) Training programme for the Extension functionaries: In this group mostly government employees of agriculture along with extension functionaries of line department and members of different NGOs operated in that locality are trained in different aspects. The main objective of this type of training is to refresh the memory and up grade the knowledge and skill of the extension functionaries by providing recent and new information regarding new techniques as well as new approach of solving different problems faced by farmers of that locality. As the extension functionaries of different  department act like a bridge between the scientists and villagers, the refinement of the knowledge is highly essential and quite helpful for effective and efficient transfer of the technology.

Front Line demonstration:

Front Line Demonstration (FLD) is the field demonstration conducted under the close supervision of the scientists because the technologies are demonstrated for the first time by the scientist themselves before being fed into the main extension system of the state department of Agriculture in that particular area. In this method newly released crop production and protection technologies and its management practices are adopted in a block of two to four hectares in the farmers field. Only critical inputs and training for this

demonstration are provided by Krishi Vigyan Kendra. In FLD both farmers and extension

functionaries are target audience. From the FLD, it is possible to generate some data   related to factors contributing to higher yield and also constraints of production under various farming situations. Front Line Demonstration is conducted in a particular area after thorough discussion and consultation with the farmers of that locality. Depending upon the requirement of that area highly efficient new proven technology with higher potentialities is selected for this programme. Generally a field day is observed in the demonstration field when the crop is at maturity stage and interaction between the scientists, farmers and extension functionaries takes place in the field. The crop is harvested in the presence of the interested group of farmers so that they can visualize-the importance of new technology easily and effectively.

On Farm Testing ( OFT):

Testing of any improved technology along with the farmers practice in the farmers field with active participation of both the scientists and farmers is known as OFT. In this method two to three improved varieties or two to three improved technologies are tested in the same field so as to compare the results of these treatments. As per the suggestions of the farmers  as well as local soil and climatic conditions the improved technology may slightly be modified by the scientists of K.V.K. to get maximum return. All these activities of the K.V.K. are undertaken as per the suggestion and approval of the Scientific Advisory Committee. This committee consists of representative from the Vice-chancellor of State Agricultural University or Director of the Institute, representative from the Indian Council ofAgricultural Research, representative of the District Collector, representatives fromDepartment of Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandary, Sericulture, progressive male and female farmers, male and female social workers of that area and Training Organizer of the concern K.V.K. The Scientific Advisory Committee held once in a year to review the work of K.V.K. and provide  suggestions for future plan of work. The future technical programme of the K.V.K. is prepared as per the suggestion of the farmers of that particular area. Besides these activities each K.V.K. has got different demonstration units such as Mushroom unit. Biofertiliser unit, Vermicompost unit, Broiler farming unit, Bee keeping unit, Fruit preservation unit etc. for the lagers. When a person will visit K.V.K., he will be able to see all the enterprise in the demonstration unit and he can interact with the scientists regarding the establishment of his own enterprise. These units will help the villager to increase his confidence on a particular enterprise. From these discussions it can be concluded that the scientists of K.V.K. provide required knowledge, impart training to improve the skill and attitude of the people towards a particular subject, provide proper guidance to solve any problem faced by the people related to agriculture and allied topics. Krishi Vigyan Kendra provides inspiration, constructive and constant advice to the people of that area to start new entrepreneurship for their livelihood and show them proper way when need actual help as the light house help the sailor in the sea. So we can rightly say that Krishi Vigyan Kendra is the light house for the rural people.

* Manish Kanwat, Subject Matter Specialist (Agril.Extension), ICAR RC for NEH Region AP Centre, Basar, Arunachal Pradesh

** R. Bhagawati, Joint Director, ICAR RC for NEH Region AP Centre, Basar, Arunachal Pradesh


ASHAs’ role vital in rural areas


ROING, Sept 13: Lower Dibang Valley Deputy Commissioner Y W Ringu has called upon the  health activists, specially the Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) to play a vital role in bringing the  awareness about the need of  good health and maintaining hygiene among the rural and downtrodden people. Inaugurating the week-long module IV, V training programme for ASHAs at Anchal Samiti Hall here recently as the chief guest, Ringu hoped that health scenario in rural areas will significantly  improve  if the benefit of health schemes reach the poor and needy. She also advised the participants to take optimum advantage of the training to prepare themselves for serving the  villagers in better way.  As many as 32 ASHAs are taking part in the training.

Dr. M Basar DRCHO explaining the significant of being an ASHA said that ASHAs must   have basic knowledge of the disease TB, AIDS, besides, pregnancy, child care, and malaria etc first  so that they  can  serve the villagers in proper way.

Dr. Ista Pulu gynaecologist, Dr. Mitapo DTO, Dr. Yirang Pediatric, Dr. Gogoi DSO are the resource persons of  the training programme.


EE contradicts allegation

ITANAGAR: Executive Engineer, PHED Roing Er. S Pertin while responding to AAPWU allegation on illegal appointments said that the appointments of casual staff on Adhoc, Contract basis Group D and C posts do not fall under the purview of the Executive Engineer, PHED, Roing. The allegation leveled against the EE, PHED, Roing is malicious and untrue.

Pertin further urged the association to verify the authenticity before going to press.


Social Services

ITANAGAR: Taraso Circle Youth Association is conducting social service from Bihmari Sontal Basti approach road to Town bill Bormai road on September 26.

Meanwhile, the association appealed the people of the area not to sell their rights to political leaders during election. It also appealed the candidates to play good and moral politics in the area.


Plantation prog

ITANAGAR: The Environment Protection Society has planted a large amount of saplings of different varieties of temperate forests today at SIB campus. Tawang.

September - 13