Winger mows down two
RUKSIN, Sept 20: In a tragic road accident, two motorcycle-borne students of JN College
Pasighat were mowed down by a speeding car (Winger) on National Highway-52 at Pasighat
on the evening of Sept 17.
The deceased have been identified as Aina Panggeng and Gebi Boli, both BA first year
students, and hailed from Upper Siang district.
The incident took place near Gandhi Higher Secondary School here.
According to eye witnesses, the rider (boy) of the bike was killed on the spot while
the pillion rider (girl) was left seriously injured and was lying near the boundary
wall of College of Horticulture Forestry. She was rushed to the General Hospital
but succumbed to her injuries in the hospital.
On being informed of the incident, Pasighat police followed the Winger and alerted
the police at Ruksin check post bordering Jonai (Assam) to stop the vehicle and nab
Accordingly, the police managed to apprehend the driver along with the vehicle at
A group of angry youths, who rushed to Ruksin Police Station, partially damaged the
vehicle by pelting stones.
A case has been registered at Pasighat Police Station against the driver and the
accused has been remanded to judicial custody.
Police also picked up one Sontosh Terong, who was said to be the actual driver of
Computer centre opens at Changlang
CHANGLANG, Sept 20: Changlang-Kan Computer Education Center was today inaugurated
near the CDPO office here today by Changlang Deputy Commissioner Wayong Khimhun in
a function which was attended by officers, public leaders and members of Arunachal
Vikas Parisad (AVP) Changlang unit.
It has been set up by AVP, Changlang unit to provide certificate courses and training
to sincere and dedicated students belonging to poor and economically downtrodden
families of the region at a minimum cost.
Speaking during the inaugural function, DC Khimhun advocated for compulsory computer
training courses to all the students to make them stay on the right track.
He said, knowledge to operate computer can enable one to access many useful things
through internet. Govt is transforming into digital, and services to the citizens
will be provided electronically which mean having technical knowledge on computer
has become mandatory.
The DC appealed all to join the computer training and keep themselves upgraded with
basic knowledge of computer operation. He expressed hope that the computer center
will be beneficial for the students from poor family background.
Earlier, Joint Secretary, AVP, Kamjai Taisam, disclosed that the computer centre
will be run under AVP in collaboration with Longchang Elite Society, Changlang. He
informed that seven students have already registered themselves to undergo the training
Retired ADC, H Matcha and public leader N Kamba, who were delighted with the opening
of the centre appealed the youths to join the center and avail the opportunity. (DIPRO)
Marathon to raise awareness on drugs abuse
PASIGHAT, Sept 20: Around 200 students from various schools in Pasighat today participated
in a mini marathon organised by East Siang District SSA mission as part of its anti-drugs
Flagging off the race, ZPC Kaling Dai hoped the event would go a long way in creating
public awareness on harmful effects of drugs. Dai requested the DDSE to conduct more
such events in future to spread the message to the public, particularly youngsters
about the ill effects of drugs and substance abuse.
Deputy Commissioner Isha Khosla, who was also present, also described the harmful
effects of drugs stating that drugs are the enemies of society and can ruin one’s
life. She suggested the education department to play a lead role in the fight against
drugs. The DC gave away six bicycles, trophies, seven consolation prizes and certificates
to the achievers on the occasion.
The race started at Gandhi Chowk and passed through Mariyang-Ayeng tri junction and
DDSE cum DPO Obuk Panor, DMO Dr. Mandip Perme, DSO (Sports) Nada Apa, DTO (S&G) Onya
Padung, principals, headmasters and teacher in-charge of the participating schools
were present on the occasion. DIPRO
Satam Kame FC and MWSAP
FC register big wins
ITANAGAR, Sep 20: Satam Kame FC and MWSAP FC registered big wins in the ongoing 9
Warriors 21st Vishwakarma Football Running Tournament at KV No. 2 playground, Chimpu
near here today.
Both Satam Kame FC and MWSAP FC won their respective matches against KV No. 2 and
Young Brothers FC by an identical 4-0 margin.
In other matches played in the day, Hari Royal FC beat Don Bosco United 2-0, Aasthe
beat TCSC 4-2, Gyamar FC beat Signature 2-0.
The match between CCAFC and Young Generation ended in a draw.
CRYFCFC vs Parsi Parlo FC
Time: 2 pm
SRPLFC vs Barapani FC
Time: 3 pm
Chimpu Sporting Returns vs SLSA
Time: 4 pm
India emerges champion in C’wealth
Arunachal contributes 12 medals to country’s medal tally
[ M Doley ]
ITANAGAR, Sept 20: India emerged champion in the Commonwealth Karate Championship-2015
which concluded at New Delhi today.
India clinched 44 gold, as many silver and 61 bronze medals to finish top of the
medal table followed by Sri Lanka (9 Gold, 9 Silver) and Australia (9 Gold, 5 Silver),
informed India Coach and Arunachal Karate Do Association General Secretary L Marik.
Karatekas from Arunachal performed exceptionally well as they contributed 12 medals—6
Gold, 3 Silver and as many Bronze medals—to the country’s medal tally.
The gold medalists from the state are Atum Sono, Nabam Radhe, Mojum Dodum, Kamku
Tallo, Raja Yangfo and Johny Manghiya.
Biplob Devnath, Yorjum Sera and Sinne Mikhu won a Silver medal each while Tade Bayer,
Lipin Ete and Gyadam Doka bagged one Bronze medal each.
Eleven Commonwealth countries, including South Africa, Australia, Botswana, Bangladesh,
Malaysia, New Zealand participated in the Championship.
Historic accord signed between Nyishis and Apatanis
Inter-community exchange a pre-requisite
for peaceful coexistence: Tuki
ZIRO, Sept 20: Chief Minister Nabam Tuki today witnessed the historic signing of
accord between the Nyishi and Apatani communities here and hailed it as ushering
in "a new era of peaceful co-existence" in the state.
The accord was signed by Nyishi Elite Society (NES), President, Bengia Tolum and
Tanw Supun Dukun (TSD) President, Dr. Hage Loder with witnesses signing from both
the communities. The accord was signed at a conglomeration of hundreds of members
of both the communities as well as members of various community-based organisations
from across the state.
The accord - a trend setter for other communities to take a cue - is unique and historic
and an agreement between the two neighbours for peaceful co-existence, brotherhood
and social harmony, said the Chief Minister.
"Today is the beginning of a new era of peaceful co-existence and social harmony.
Let this message go out to the world and let other communities learn that if there
is a will there will be peace," said Tuki while addressing people on the occasion.
The Chief Minister lauded the leaders of NES and TSD, apex social bodies of the Nyishis
and Apatanis respectively, for coming together with the idea and fostering a bond
between the two communities that will be socially binding on each and every member
of the communities. He lauded the tireless efforts put in by NES President Bengia
Tolum and TSD President Dr. Hage Loder.
Tuki said people with hatred and violence in the name of caste, creed and community
constitute only one per cent of the population. And with such social sanction provided
by the accord, these one per cent people would be overpowered and no petty differences
or disputes would ever take a communal colour, he said.
Tuki viewed the accord as an example that needs to be followed for communal and social
harmony between all tribes of the state, particularly those living in close proximity
of each other. Such understanding will not only help prevail peace and bonhomie,
but also push for accelerated development in the region, he said.
Tuki cited the example of similar accords signed by the NES with the Bodos of Assam
and Akas of West Kameng.
He said after the agreements all differences between the Nyishis and the Bodos along
the interstate boundary are resolved peacefully and thus there is a feeling of goodwill
"Same is the case with Akas and now the Nyishis and Apatanis have come together to
create an atmosphere of understanding, love and caring," Tuki added.
Inter community exchanges and mingling are pre-requisite for peaceful coexistence,
the Chief Minister asserted and informed that the state government will encourage
inter-tribe marriages by rewarding such couples with Rs. 50,000.
Talking on the developmental front, Tuki said that Ziro rated as second after Shillong
in terms of tourist visits in the Northeast can surpass Shillong and sought people
s support and cooperation to attain the same.
As the Ziro valley is almost saturated with regard to expansion of township, Tuki
asked the people to consult with the administration, their leaders and elders and
forward a proposal for expansion to the government.
He assured full support to the proposal.
Tuki, who had travelled by road to Ziro from Itanagar, also lamented about the road
"I, as the representative of the Government, am also guilty. This road should not
have been what it is, but due to many factors maintenance of the road could not be
carried out on time," he said.
Tuki assured that he would do his best to arrange for maintenance funds and improve
the condition of the road.
Some of the major highlights of accord;
# Both the communities resolved to maintain the age-old social relations prevailing
since time immemorial.
# Any individual disputes or controversies like motor accident, theft and land disputes
of individuals shall not be construed as communal issues.
# Both the communities shall activate more social and communal harmony; confidence
building measures by encouraging inter tribe marriage on mutual consent.
# The district headquarter shall be expanded to accommodate and ensuring equal participation
in the facilities and developmental process by the Nyishis and the Apatanis.
# The traditional system of revenge in both the tribes shall be strictly denounced
and prohibited so as to avoid victimisation of the innocents.
# Both the communities shall encourage their members to participate in the traditional
festivals, like Nyokum Yullo, Dree, Boori-Boot Yullo, Longte, Myoko etc., so that
the younger generations shall have opportunities to intermingle so as to learn and
respect each other’s culture.
# The violators of the joint declaration of the Nyishi-Apatani Summit 2015 shall
be dealt by Nyishi Elite Society and Tanw Supun Dukun on case to case basis based
on ground realities. If any party of either community violates this declaration,
the respective apex body of the community shall initiate to deal with the situation.
Chakma-Hajongs should be granted
Indian citizenship: SC
AAPSU vows to vehemently oppose the directive
ITANAGAR, Sept 20: In a major setback which might change the demography of the state,
the Supreme Court has directed Centre and Arunachal Pradesh government to grant citizenship
to Chakma and Hajong tribals within three months, who had migrated from Bangladesh
in 1964-69, saying they cannot be discriminated in any manner. Further, the court
also said that Chakma-Hajong do not require Inner Line Permit (ILP) to enter the
state. The apex court has given three months time to both Centre and State to implement
The directive of apex court will especially affect Namsai, Changlang and Lohit districts
where Chakmas are in big numbers. It is alleged that on a daily basis the Chakmas
are still migrating to these three districts from Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh.
Their population is estimated to be around one lakh. It is feared that apex court’s
order will further encourage the illegal migrants to enter Arunachal Pradesh.
"It is well known that the Chakmas and Hajongs were displaced from the area which
became part of East Pakistan (now in Bangladesh) on construction of Kaptai Dam and
were allowed to be rehabilitated under the decision of the Government of India..."
They could not be discriminated against in any manner pending formal conferment of
rights of citizenship. Their status also stands duly acknowledged in the guidelines
of the Election Commission of India," a bench of Justices Anil R Dave and Adarsh
K Goel said.
The apex court said that Chakmas have a right to be granted citizenship and it is
even "recognised by judicial decisions that they cannot be required to obtain any
Inner Line Permit as they are settled in Arunachal Pradesh." The court passed the
order on a petition filed by Committee for Citizenship Rights of the Chakmas (CCRC)
seeking direction to grant citizenship to the Chakma and Hajong tribals who migrated
to India in 1964-1969 and were settled in the Arunachal Pradesh. "As earlier held
by this Court, the Delhi High Court and Gauhati High Court, they need to be protected
and their claims of citizenship need to be considered as per applicable procedure,"
the court said. The Supreme Court directive has been strongly opposed by All Arunachal
Pradesh Students’ Union (AAPSU). In a release, AAPSU termed the order as arbitrary
and said it is hurting the sentiments of the indigenous people of Arunachal Pradesh.
“AAPSU will fight tooth and nail against the verdict and it wants all the stakeholders
of the state cutting across party line to openly disapprove this unacceptable verdict
of the apex court of our country. Any political party, political leader, community,
organisations or individual supporting the verdict shall be deemed to be an anti-
Arunachal,” the union stated.
AAPSU also came down heavily on Bordumsa-Diyun MLA cum Parliamentary Secretary Nikh
Kamin who allegedly issued congratulatory statement in support of the Supreme Court
order. “We question the integrity of Nikh Kamin. He is well aware of the struggle
which the people of Arunachal Pradesh and AAPSU together have been waging against
refugees since ages. His congratulatory message has made us to ponder seriously over
his patriotism towards Arunachal. We in strongest term condemn the congratulation
statement given by him and in doing so he has deeply hurt the sentiment of the indigenous
people of Arunachal Pradesh,” stated AAPSU. They sought unconditional public apology
from Nikh Kamin and also demanded Chief Minister to drop him from his Parliamentary
Further, AAPSU called on Chief Minister Nabam Tuki to oppose the verdict of the Supreme
Court and file a “Review Petition" and other appropriate petitions challenging the
judgment of the Supreme Court. As such it’s time for all of us not to be in slumber
mode, but awake and support us by all means in our fight against this judgment. With
the help of our people, we would not stop unless and until our goal is accomplished,
As a sign of protest against the apex court’s verdict, AAPSU will hold a mega peace
rally from Akashdeep, Ganga to Raj Bhawan on Sept 28. The union has requested all
the Civil Societies, NGOs, Community Based Organizations, former AAPSU leaders, all
political leaders cutting across party affiliations and the common masses to take
part in the rally. (With inputs from PTI)
Proposed shutter down strike called off, extortionist arrested
ITANAGAR, Sept 20: Commending the police for arresting extortionist Berun Camdir
belonging to a students’ body from here on Friday as disclosed by Home Minister Tanga
Byaling, the traders have decided to call off the 72-hour shutter down proposed from
A delegation of Arunachal Chamber of Commerce & Industries (ACCI) led by President
Techi Lala and General Secretary Tarh Nachung called on Byaling on Saturday to brief
him about the Naharlagun incident where the group had blackmailed and extorted traders.
“It was unthinkable but true that the group forcefully snatched away products worth
Rs. 500 at Naharlagun and demanded Rs. 2 lakh. Such phenomenon has forced many traders
to quit the state and others would follow suit if urgent preventive steps are not
taken,” they reasoned.
The group had also snatched away a truck load of packaged products from Daporijo
market, threw it in the river and posted it in the Facebook while Lower Subansiri
DC had revoked the order of SP authorising the same group to check ILP, they informed
the Home Minister.
There is vast difference between ‘best before’ and ‘expiry’ dates, they said while
producing a letter of Health Department’s food unit and informed that even police
was not authorised to check and seize food products without involving the food unit,
which is legally authorised to do so. Pointing out the murder of prominent traders,
like Logun Hardware shop owner Rajendra Chaudhury and another seriously injured by
four masked armed men in March 2010 and Best Bakery owner P Chako in 2014 while the
guilty went scot free, they called for urgent steps for the security and safety of
the business community to create the much desired conducive atmosphere to woo outside
Taking serious exception to blackmailing and extortions of traders in various parts
of the state, Byaling directed DGP S Nithianandam for taking the group into task
to end lawlessness. He gave the direction to send a louder message that law would
take its own course of action against any illegal act.
Informing about the extortionist’s arrest, Byaling disclosed that he has also directed
the DGP to ask all SPs to be on guard to prevent this group from disturbing and troubling
the traders in any part of the state.
The ACCI team also met Capital Deputy Commissioner Mige Kamki and SP Devender Arya
and briefed them that trade and commerce sector would take a downwards trend if traders
are harassed this way. The delegates were assured adequate steps to redress the grievances
of the traders.
Thansen Wangchadong: A Symbol Of Woman Empowerment
[ Denhang Bosai ]
Endowed with all the queenly attributes, Thansen Wangchadong, affectionately addressed
as ‘Rani Maa’ or ‘Borduria Rani’ by the Noctes of Tirap district is synonymous with
woman empowerment in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. At a time when even the men
living in the inaccessible and hostile Tirap district during the pre-independence
era hesitated to venture out of their villages, Thansen Wangchadong efficiently managed
the administration of all the villages under the Borduria group of villages. She
had to interact with the officers coming from outside which was not an easy task
those days when language was a great hindrance. But the ‘Rani’ could manage it without
The erstwhile NEFA administration was totally dependent on the chiefs of Borduria
and Namsang for smooth administration because the chiefs exerted great influence
over the Noctes then and they commanded great respect in their respective areas.
The Noctes are broadly divided into two major groups; Borduria group and Namsang
group each having a number of villages paying allegiance to both of them. In fact,
even today, all the traditional systems revolve around the two chiefs.
Born in the chief’s family of Khela village in the year 1933, Thansen Wangchadong
married late Towang Lowangdong (Chopha), paramount chief of Borduria. After the untimely
demise of her husband Towang Lowangdong in the year 1964, Thansen Wangchadong took
up the onus of running not only the village administration of Borduria but of the
whole Borduria area. She willingly accepted the daunting challenges and started showing
her administrative acumen. Soon she became very popular amongst the people. She was
a strong lady who was generous but at the same time dignified and strict in dealing
with the affairs of the villages. She was affectionate and took great care of the
poor and the needy during those difficult days when modern amenities were almost
non-existent. She even took up some welfare schemes like Bharat Seva Mission under
the aegis of the Merbil Chaliha Bare Ghar Satra in Assam. She was also instrumental
in starting new schools in her area. Thansen Wangchadong took the reins during the
turbulent period when there used to be frequent feuds between the villages over land,
river and forest. But her inherent acumen and resolve enabled her to weather the
storms and the darkest tempest with élan.
Thansen Wangchadong successfully carried forward the welfare schemes initiated by
her husband late Towang Lowangdong for the overall development of Borduria area in
particular and of the Noctes in general. She was closely involved in the functioning
of the famous Namsang-Borduria Fund Trust (NBF) founded by the former chiefs of Borduria
and Namsang. During the time when Thansen Wangchadong was holding the helms of affairs
of the people, the district administration was vaguely run with very few staff and
no Police. So, she had to play a pivotal role to help the administration in dealing
with various issues confronting the society. In the process she became an undisputed
symbol of woman empowerment and woman’s emancipation during 60s and 70s, the formative
years of transition from the old and archaic systems to an age of modern era.
She was a strong propagator of the rich Nocte cultural heritage and actively participated
in all the age-old traditional rituals, festivals and other social events pertaining
to the Noctes. She was also keen to show-case the rich and varied Nocte traditional
systems outside her society. This strong urge in her enabled her to produce the popular
Assamese feature film ‘Rashmi Rekha’ in which the most popular Assamese actor of
those days Biju Phukan played the lead role and the legendary singers Dr. Bhupen
Hazarika and Khogen Mahanta rendered the ever melodious Assamese songs. This film
used to be screened all over the state by the field publicity department. She was
probably the first film producer in the state. The film produced in 1973 was based
on a love story between a Nocte boy and an Assamese girl. Thansen Wangchadong passed
away after a prolonged illness on the 4th February 2005 at her village Borduria but
not before she had created a niche for herself. As the first woman village administrator
and the ‘Rani’ of Borduria, her name will be inscribed in golden letters.
It is needless to say that the Thansen Wangchadong Memorial Football Tournament is
but a fitting tribute to the great Rani. The tournament with the highest cash prizes
at Khonsa is being sponsored by Wanglin Lowangdong, Minister for WCD, Social Justice
and his family in loving memory of Thansen Wangchadong. The much-hyped running football
tournament is being conducted with the aim of popularising football among the youth
of the district and to wean away the restive youth from going astray.
When contacted, the main sponsor and the chief patron of the tournament Wanglin Lowangdong
said, “There are many ways of contributing towards the development of our society.
I sincerely feel that organising sporting events like the Thansen Wangchadong Memorial
Football Tournament at Khonsa will enthuse the young people to love games and sports
and hone their skills. It will also inculcate the spirit of sportsmanship in our
youth. Our state government has a clear policy of reserving seats in different categories
of jobs for the accomplished sportspersons of the state. So, I wish that our youths
avail this opportunity by shining in the sports and games events too. I am sure that
this tournament will go a long way to identifying local talents who will represent
our district in the bigger tournaments outside. I am also profoundly indebted to
the district administration, Police, Assam Rifles, members of the Advisory Board,
Committee Members, the organising team and all who are directly or indirectly involved
with the tournament for their sincere efforts in conducting the tournament in a befitting
Truly, the old Hindi adage ‘Padoge likhoge banoge nawaab, kheloge kudoge banoge kharaab’
has become a thing of the distant past. Today many youths are taking up games and
sports as a career. In fact, many of the sportspersons in the country and the world
are the wealthiest and the most popular today. They are not only the sporting icons
for the youths but render a yeoman’s service through various charity works. The Northeast
has a great potential in sports and the state of Manipur is known for producing national
and international sportspersons. The youths in Arunachal Pradesh are also beginning
to show results through sheer hardwork and practice, especially in weight lifting,
badminton, football and martial arts.
Altogether 29 teams from across Tirap district are participating in the mega football
tournament. So, let the game begin! (The writer is DIPRO, Tirap and can be reached
at denhangbosai @yahoo.co.in)
[ Dr. Amber Anand PT ]
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), is also known as Alzheimer disease, or just Alzheimer’s.
It is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse
over time. The most common early symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events
(short-term memory loss). As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems
with language, disorientation (including easily getting lost), mood swings, loss
of motivation, not managing self care, and behavioural issues. As a person’s condition
declines, they often withdraw from family and society. Gradually, bodily functions
are lost, ultimately leading to death. Although the speed of progression can vary,
the average life expectancy following diagnosis is three to nine years.
World Alzheimer’s Day, is observed on September 21 each year, and is a day on which
Alzheimer’s organisations around the world concentrate their efforts on raising awareness
about Alzheimer’s and Dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of Dementia,
a group of disorders that impairs mental functioning. Every 68 seconds, someone develops
In India, more than 4 million people have some form of Dementia. Worldwide, at least
44 million people are living with Dementia, making the disease a global health crisis
that must be addressed.
The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is poorly understood. About 70% of the risk is believed
to be genetic with many genes usually involved. Other risk factors include a history
of head injuries, depression or hypertension. The disease process is associated with
plaques and tangles in the brain. A probable diagnosis is based on the history of
the illness and cognitive testing with medical imaging and blood tests to rule out
other possible causes. Initial symptoms are often mistaken for normal ageing. Examination
of brain tissue is needed for a definite diagnosis. Mental and physical exercise
and avoiding obesity may decrease the risk of AD. There are no medications or supplements
that decrease the risk.
No treatment stops or reverses its progression, though some may temporarily improve
symptoms. Affected people increasingly rely on others for assistance, often placing
a burden on the caregiver, the pressures can include social, psychological, physical,
and economic elements. Exercise programmes are beneficial with respect to activities
of daily living and can potentially improve outcomes. Treatment of behavioural problems
or psychosis due to Dementia with antipsychotics is common but not usually recommended.
Stages of Alzheimer’s disease:
The first symptoms are often mistakenly attributed to ageing or stress. Detailed
neuropsychological testing can reveal mild cognitive difficulties up to eight years
before a person fulfills the clinical criteria for diagnosis of AD. These early symptoms
can affect the most complex daily living activities. The most noticeable deficit
is short term memory loss, which shows up as difficulty in remembering recently learned
facts and inability to acquire new information.
Subtle problems with the executive functions of attentiveness, planning, flexibility,
and abstract thinking, or impairments in semantic memory (memory of meanings, and
concept relationships) can also be symptomatic of the early stages of AD. Depressive
symptoms, irritability and reduced awareness of subtle memory difficulties are also
common. The preclinical stage of the disease has also been termed mild cognitive
impairment (MCI). This is often found to be a transitional stage between normal ageing
In people with AD, the increasing impairment of learning and memory eventually leads
to a definitive diagnosis. In a small percentage, difficulties with language, executive
functions, perception (agnosia), or execution of movements (apraxia) are more prominent
than memory problems. AD does not affect all memory capacities equally. Older memories
of the person’s life (episodic memory), facts learned (semantic memory), and implicit
memory (the memory of the body on how to do things, such as using a fork to eat)
are affected to a lesser degree than new facts or memories.
Language problems are mainly characterised by a shrinking vocabulary and decreased
word fluency, leading to a general impoverishment of oral and written language. While
performing fine motor tasks such as writing, drawing or dressing, certain movement
coordination and planning difficulties (apraxia) may be present, but they are commonly
Progressive deterioration eventually hinders independence, with subjects being unable
to perform most common activities of daily living. Speech difficulties become evident
due to an inability to recall vocabulary, which leads to frequent incorrect word
substitutions (paraphasias). Reading and writing skills are also progressively lost.
Complex motor sequences become less coordinated as time passes and AD progresses,
so the risk of falling increases. During this phase, memory problems worsen, and
the person may fail to recognise close relatives. Long-term memory, which was previously
intact, becomes impaired.
Behavioural and neuropsychiatric changes become more prevalent. Common manifestations
are wandering, irritability and labile affect, leading to crying, outbursts of unpremeditated
aggression, or resistance to care giving. People with AD develop illusionary misidentifications
and other delusional symptoms. Urinary incontinence can develop. These symptoms create
stress for relatives and care takers, which can be reduced by moving the person from
home care to other long-term care facilities.
During the final stages, the patient is completely dependent upon caregivers. Language
is reduced to simple phrases or even single words, eventually leading to complete
loss of speech. Despite the loss of verbal language abilities, people can often understand
and return emotional signals. Although aggressiveness can still be present, extreme
apathy and exhaustion are much more common symptoms. People with Alzheimer’s disease
will ultimately not be able to perform even the simplest tasks independently; muscle
mass and mobility deteriorate to the point where they are bedridden and unable to
feed themselves. The cause of death is usually an external factor, such as infection
of pressure ulcers or pneumonia, not the disease itself.
Alzheimer’s disease is usually diagnosed based on the person’s medical history, history
from relatives, and behavioural observations. The presence of characteristic neurological
and neuropsychological features and the absence of alternative conditions are supportive.
Advanced medical imaging with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging
(MRI), and with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission
tomography (PET) can be used to help exclude other cerebral pathology or subtypes
of dementia. Moreover, it may predict conversion from prodromal stages (mild cognitive
impairment) to Alzheimer’s disease.
Assessment of intellectual functioning including memory testing can further characterise
the state of the disease. Medical organizations have created diagnostic criteria
to ease and standardize the diagnostic process for practicing physicians. The diagnosis
can be confirmed with very high accuracy post-mortem when brain material is available
and can be examined histologically.
The National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke (NINCDS)
and the Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association (ADRDA, now known as
the Alzheimer’s Association) established the most commonly used NINCDS-ADRDA Alzheimer’s
Criteria for diagnosis in 1984, extensively updated in 2007. These criteria require
that the presence of cognitive impairment, and a suspected dementia syndrome, be
confirmed by neuropsychological testing for a clinical diagnosis of possible or probable
AD. A histopathologic confirmation including a microscopic examination of brain tissue
is required for a definitive diagnosis. Good statistical reliability and validity
have been shown between the diagnostic criteria and definitive histopathological
confirmation. Eight cognitive domains are most commonly impaired in AD—memory, language,
perceptual skills, attention, constructive abilities, orientation, problem solving
and functional abilities
Alzheimer’s Treatment and Support
While there are currently no treatments available to slow or stop the brain damage
caused by Alzheimer’s disease, several medications can temporarily help improve the
symptoms of dementia for some people. These medications work by increasing neurotransmitters
in the brain.
Researchers continue to search for ways to better treat Alzheimer’s and other progressive
dementias. Currently, dozens of therapies and pharmacologic treatments that focus
on stopping the brain cell death associated with Alzheimer’s are underway.
Associations call upon MoS Rijiju
ITANAGAR, Sept 20: A joint delegation of All Arunachal Contractor Welfare Association
(AACWA) and All Arunachal Pradesh BSNL Civil Contractors Welfare Association (AAPBSNL
CCWA) recently called on Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju and
submitted a memorandum for creation and shifting of office of the Superintending
Engineering, BSNL for Arunachal Pradesh, to make eligible only registered contractors
of BSNL in BSNL tender works, allocation of sufficient funds to GM, BSNL, Itanagar
and improvement of telecommunication services in Arunachal Pradesh.
The delegation also urged the Minister for early construction of the four-lane road
from Itanagar to Banderdewa and releasing central development funds.
Rijiju, after hearing the grievances of the delegation, suggested them to meet the
chairman and Managing Director BSNL and short out the issues.
With regards to four-lane road, he informed that the project will be sanctioned after
preparation of the revised detailed project report (DPR).
He advised people of the state to come forward and cooperate with the government
by not seeking high compensation as it may hamper the development initiatives.
Next day, the delegation met the Chairman and Managing Director of BSNL Anupam Shrivastava,
Directors (Enterprises) NK Mehta and Executive Directors (NBCA) Md. Ashraf Khan at
their office complex and apprised them of the various problems faced by contractors
of Arunachal Pradesh.
During discussion, the delegation apprised them about the telecommunication bottleneck
and internet problem in the state. The team informed that telecommunication is most
poor in Arunachal Pradesh with only 20 percent connectivity.
The Chairman and Managing directors and his teams assured that all problems will
be shorted out and they will convey BSNL Chief General Manager (CGM), North East
Zone-II Dimapur, Nagaland to make feasibility reports and submit it to them.
Regarding shifting and creation of Superintending Engineer post, it was informed
that the NDA Govt. recently announced Rs.5000 Crore for North East region for infrastructure
development and improvement of telecommunication faculties which is under process.
4th Abo-Tani Cup state level
football tournament kicks off
NAHARLAGUN, Sept 20: The 4th Abo-Tani Cup state level football tournament was kicked
off by Minister Home & Power, Tanga Byaling amidst a mammoth gathering of football
lovers at Rajiv Gandhi Stadium, Naharlagun today.
Speaking on the occasion, Byaling said that coming up of many clubs of different
sports disciplines in the last few years is a good sign for development of games
and sports in the state.
Our government under the leadership of Chief Minister Nabam Tuki has given priority
to sports and many meritorious sportspersons have so far been employed in various
government departments under the sports quota.
He appreciated the organising committee for keeping the name of our forefather ‘Abo
Tani” alive by naming the football tournament after him.
Yora Togung, Vice Chairman, Arunachal Pradesh Bamboo Application Resource Development
Agency (APBARDA) advised the players to maintain sportsman spirit and strict discipline
throughout the tournament. He asked the players to learn to accept defeat graciously
since winning and losing are part and parcel of any game.
The winner and runners up teams will be awarded cash prize of Rs. 2 lakhs and Rs.
1 lakh respectively along with trophies, informed Bamang Taji, Chairman of BTFC.
Eight teams, namely Todo United, Capital Complex Sporting Club, Tarh Ku Sports Club,
Todo United Football Club-B, Arunachal Pradesh Police, Arunachal Sporting Club, Nirjuli
Youth Welfare Association FC, Bamang Taji Football Club are participating in the
The opening match was played between Bamang Taji Football Club and Arunachal Pradesh
Police and the APP team won the match by a margin of 4-0 goals.
The tournament is organised by Bamang Taji Football Club (BTFC).
TW Memorial football tournament begins at Khonsa
ITANAGAR, Sept 20: The first Thansen Wangchadong Memorial Football Tournament began
at Nehru Stadium, Khonsa amidst a huge gathering yesterday.
Inaugurating the tournament, MP Ninong Ering said that he was aware of the lack of
sports infrastructure in Tirap district and announced Rs.15 lakh for upgradation
and improvement of sports infrastructures. Ering also announced Rs.10 lakh for construction
of heritage building at Baribasiap CO headquarters. He urged the youths to channelise
their energy towards constructive purposes. Later, he declared the football tournament
MLA Gabriel D. Wangsu recalled the contributions of Thansen Wangchadong in whose
memory the football tournament is being organised. He said sports and games provide
ample opportunities to the youths for exposing their talents.
Earlier, President of organising committee and local MLA Wanglam Sawin in his welcome
address highlighted the importance of sports in one’s life.
Tirap Deputy Commissioner Ravi Jha who is the Chairman of the committee lauded Minister
Wanglin Lowangdong for sponsoring the tournament adding that this tournament would
help in weaning away the youths from going astray.
The host and sponsor of TWMFT, Wanglin Lowangdong, Minister WCD hoped that the tournament
would go a long way to enthuse the youths to take up sports seriously. He said that
the state govt. keeps 10% seats reserved for accomplished sportspersons in all categories
of jobs. He lamented that Tirap district lagged behind in sports and the youths had
not been able to avail any benefit out of the sports quota. Lowangdong appealed to
the players to maintain true spirit of sportsmanship.
The first match of the tournament was played between Deomali FC and Dadam FC in which
Deomali FC won the match by 6-5 goals via penalty shootout.
Earlier, the oath to the players and official was administered by senior public leader
The inaugural match was witnessed by Superintendent of Police Jasmeet Singh, IPS,
CO 1st Assam Rifles Col.Prashant Nair, HoDs and huge football aficionados.
The inaugural function was marked by attractive cultural programmes.
Meanwhile, GHSS Khonsa beat Kothin 2-0 in the first match today. Ngamlang Pumoh and
Patwang Sumpa scored one goal each for the winning team.
The second match was played between NERCORMP FC and Old Bunting FC in which the former
trounced the latter by 6-0 goals, informed organising Secretary Noah Mongku.
Hakhunthung FC vs Upper Chinkoi
Time: 1 pm
Bazaar FC vs Lower Chinkoi
Time: 3 pm