September 21

Winger mows down two


RUKSIN, Sept 20: In a tragic road accident, two motorcycle-borne students of JN College Pasighat were mowed down by a speeding car (Winger) on National Highway-52 at Pasighat on the evening of Sept 17.

The deceased have been identified as Aina Panggeng and Gebi Boli, both BA first year students, and hailed from Upper Siang district.

The incident took place near Gandhi Higher Secondary School here.

According to eye witnesses, the rider (boy) of the bike was killed on the spot while the pillion rider (girl) was left seriously injured and was lying near the boundary wall of College of Horticulture Forestry. She was rushed to the General Hospital but succumbed to her injuries in the hospital.

On being informed of the incident, Pasighat police followed the Winger and alerted the police at Ruksin check post bordering Jonai (Assam) to stop the vehicle and nab the driver.

Accordingly, the police managed to apprehend the driver along with the vehicle at Ruksin gate.

A group of angry youths, who rushed to Ruksin Police Station, partially damaged the vehicle by pelting stones.

A case has been registered at Pasighat Police Station against the driver and the accused has been remanded to judicial custody.

Police also picked up one Sontosh Terong, who was said to be the actual driver of the vehicle.


Computer centre opens at Changlang

CHANGLANG, Sept 20: Changlang-Kan Computer Education Center was today inaugurated near the CDPO office here today by Changlang Deputy Commissioner Wayong Khimhun in a function which was attended by officers, public leaders and members of Arunachal Vikas Parisad (AVP) Changlang unit.

It has been set up by AVP, Changlang unit to provide certificate courses and training to sincere and dedicated students belonging to poor and economically downtrodden families of the region at a minimum cost.

Speaking during the inaugural function, DC Khimhun advocated for compulsory computer training courses to all the students to make them stay on the right track.

He said, knowledge to operate computer can enable one to access many useful things through internet. Govt is transforming into digital, and services to the citizens will be provided electronically which mean having technical knowledge on computer has become mandatory.

The DC appealed all to join the computer training and keep themselves upgraded with basic knowledge of computer operation. He expressed hope that the computer center will be beneficial for the students from poor family background.

Earlier, Joint Secretary, AVP, Kamjai Taisam, disclosed that the computer centre will be run under AVP in collaboration with Longchang Elite Society, Changlang. He informed that seven students have already registered themselves to undergo the training course.

Retired ADC, H Matcha and public leader N Kamba, who were delighted with the opening of the centre appealed the youths to join the center and avail the opportunity. (DIPRO)


Marathon to raise awareness on drugs abuse

PASIGHAT, Sept 20: Around 200 students from various schools in Pasighat today participated in a mini marathon organised by East Siang District SSA mission as part of its anti-drugs awareness campaign.

Flagging off the race, ZPC Kaling Dai hoped the event would go a long way in creating public awareness on harmful effects of drugs. Dai requested the DDSE to conduct more such events in future to spread the message to the public, particularly youngsters about the ill effects of drugs and substance abuse.

Deputy Commissioner Isha Khosla, who was also present, also described the harmful effects of drugs stating that drugs are the enemies of society and can ruin one’s life. She suggested the education department to play a lead role in the fight against drugs. The DC gave away six bicycles, trophies, seven consolation prizes and certificates to the achievers on the occasion.

The race started at Gandhi Chowk and passed through Mariyang-Ayeng tri junction and back.

DDSE cum DPO Obuk Panor, DMO Dr. Mandip Perme, DSO (Sports) Nada Apa, DTO (S&G) Onya Padung, principals, headmasters and teacher in-charge of the participating schools were present on the occasion. DIPRO


Satam Kame FC and MWSAP

FC register big wins

ITANAGAR, Sep 20: Satam Kame FC and MWSAP FC registered big wins in the ongoing 9 Warriors 21st Vishwakarma Football Running Tournament at KV No. 2 playground, Chimpu near here today.

Both Satam Kame FC and MWSAP FC won their respective matches against KV No. 2 and Young Brothers FC by an identical 4-0 margin.

In other matches played in the day, Hari Royal FC beat Don Bosco United 2-0, Aasthe beat TCSC 4-2, Gyamar FC beat Signature 2-0.

The match between CCAFC and Young Generation ended in a draw.

Today’s match:

CRYFCFC vs Parsi Parlo FC

Time: 2 pm

SRPLFC vs Barapani FC

Time: 3 pm

Chimpu Sporting Returns vs SLSA

Time: 4 pm


News Impact

India emerges champion in C’wealth

Karate Championship

Arunachal contributes 12 medals to country’s medal tally

[ M Doley ]

ITANAGAR, Sept 20: India emerged champion in the Commonwealth Karate Championship-2015 which concluded at New Delhi today.

India clinched 44 gold, as many silver and 61 bronze medals to finish top of the medal table followed by Sri Lanka (9 Gold, 9 Silver) and Australia (9 Gold, 5 Silver), informed India Coach and Arunachal Karate Do Association General Secretary L Marik.

Karatekas from Arunachal performed exceptionally well as they contributed 12 medals—6 Gold, 3 Silver and as many Bronze medals—to the country’s medal tally.

The gold medalists from the state are Atum Sono, Nabam Radhe, Mojum Dodum, Kamku Tallo, Raja Yangfo and Johny Manghiya.

Biplob Devnath, Yorjum Sera and Sinne Mikhu won a Silver medal each while Tade Bayer, Lipin Ete and Gyadam Doka bagged one Bronze medal each.

Eleven Commonwealth countries, including South Africa, Australia, Botswana, Bangladesh, Malaysia, New Zealand participated in the Championship.



Historic accord signed between Nyishis and Apatanis

Inter-community exchange a pre-requisite

for peaceful coexistence: Tuki

ZIRO, Sept 20: Chief Minister Nabam Tuki today witnessed the historic signing of accord between the Nyishi and Apatani communities here and hailed it as ushering in "a new era of peaceful co-existence" in the state.

The accord was signed by Nyishi Elite Society (NES), President, Bengia Tolum and Tanw Supun Dukun (TSD) President, Dr. Hage Loder with witnesses signing from both the communities. The accord was signed at a conglomeration of hundreds of members of both the communities as well as members of various community-based organisations from across the state.

The accord - a trend setter for other communities to take a cue - is unique and historic and an agreement between the two neighbours for peaceful co-existence, brotherhood and social harmony, said the Chief Minister.

"Today is the beginning of a new era of peaceful co-existence and social harmony. Let this message go out to the world and let other communities learn that if there is a will there will be peace," said Tuki while addressing people on the occasion.

The Chief Minister lauded the leaders of NES and TSD, apex social bodies of the Nyishis and Apatanis respectively, for coming together with the idea and fostering a bond between the two communities that will be socially binding on each and every member of the communities. He lauded the tireless efforts put in by NES President Bengia Tolum and TSD President Dr. Hage Loder.

Tuki said people with hatred and violence in the name of caste, creed and community constitute only one per cent of the population. And with such social sanction provided by the accord, these one per cent people would be overpowered and no petty differences or disputes would ever take a communal colour, he said.

Tuki viewed the accord as an example that needs to be followed for communal and social harmony between all tribes of the state, particularly those living in close proximity of each other.  Such understanding will not only help prevail peace and bonhomie, but also push for accelerated development in the region, he said.

Tuki cited the example of similar accords signed by the NES with the Bodos of Assam and Akas of West Kameng.

He said after the agreements all differences between the Nyishis and the Bodos along the interstate boundary are resolved peacefully and thus there is a feeling of goodwill and peace.

"Same is the case with Akas and now the Nyishis and Apatanis have come together to create an atmosphere of understanding, love and caring," Tuki added.

Inter community exchanges and mingling are pre-requisite for peaceful coexistence, the Chief Minister asserted and informed that the state government will encourage inter-tribe marriages by rewarding such couples with Rs. 50,000.

Talking on the developmental front, Tuki said that Ziro rated as second after Shillong in terms of tourist visits in the Northeast can surpass Shillong and sought people s support and cooperation to attain the same.

As the Ziro valley is almost saturated with regard to expansion of township, Tuki asked the people to consult with the administration, their leaders and elders and forward a proposal for expansion to the government.

He assured full support to the proposal.

Tuki, who had travelled by road to Ziro from Itanagar, also lamented about the road condition.

"I, as the representative of the Government, am also guilty. This road should not have been what it is, but due to many factors maintenance of the road could not be carried out on time," he said.

Tuki assured that he would do his best to arrange for maintenance funds and improve the condition of the road.

Some of the major highlights of accord;

# Both the communities resolved to maintain the age-old social relations prevailing since time immemorial.

# Any individual disputes or controversies like motor accident, theft and land disputes of individuals shall not be construed as communal issues.

# Both the communities shall activate more social and communal harmony; confidence building measures by encouraging inter tribe marriage on mutual consent.

# The district headquarter shall be expanded to accommodate and ensuring equal participation in the facilities and developmental process by the Nyishis and the Apatanis.

# The traditional system of revenge in both the tribes shall be strictly denounced and prohibited so as to avoid victimisation of the innocents.

# Both the communities shall encourage their members to participate in the traditional festivals, like Nyokum Yullo, Dree, Boori-Boot Yullo, Longte, Myoko etc., so that the younger generations shall have opportunities to intermingle so as to learn and respect each other’s culture.

# The violators of the joint declaration of the Nyishi-Apatani Summit 2015 shall be dealt by Nyishi Elite Society and Tanw Supun Dukun on case to case basis based on ground realities. If any party of either community violates this declaration, the respective apex body of the community shall initiate to deal with the situation.



Chakma-Hajongs should be granted

Indian citizenship: SC

AAPSU vows to vehemently oppose the directive

Staff Reporter

ITANAGAR, Sept 20: In a major setback which might change the demography of the state, the Supreme Court has directed Centre and Arunachal Pradesh government to grant citizenship to Chakma and Hajong tribals within three months, who had migrated from Bangladesh in 1964-69, saying they cannot be discriminated in any manner. Further, the court also said that Chakma-Hajong do not require Inner Line Permit (ILP) to enter the state. The apex court has given three months time to both Centre and State to implement the order.

The directive of apex court will especially affect Namsai, Changlang and Lohit districts where Chakmas are in big numbers. It is alleged that on a daily basis the Chakmas are still migrating to these three districts from Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh. Their population is estimated to be around one lakh. It is feared that apex court’s order will further encourage the illegal migrants to enter Arunachal Pradesh.

"It is well known that the Chakmas and Hajongs were displaced from the area which became part of East Pakistan (now in Bangladesh) on construction of Kaptai Dam and were allowed to be rehabilitated under the decision of the Government of India..." They could not be discriminated against in any manner pending formal conferment of rights of citizenship. Their status also stands duly acknowledged in the guidelines of the Election Commission of India," a bench of Justices Anil R Dave and Adarsh K Goel said.

The apex court said that Chakmas have a right to be granted citizenship and it is even "recognised by judicial decisions that they cannot be required to obtain any Inner Line Permit as they are settled in Arunachal Pradesh." The court passed the order on a petition filed by Committee for Citizenship Rights of the Chakmas (CCRC) seeking direction to grant citizenship to the Chakma and Hajong tribals who migrated to India in 1964-1969 and were settled in the Arunachal Pradesh. "As earlier held by this Court, the Delhi High Court and Gauhati High Court, they need to be protected and their claims of citizenship need to be considered as per applicable procedure," the court said. The Supreme Court directive has been strongly opposed by All Arunachal Pradesh Students’ Union (AAPSU). In a release, AAPSU termed the order as arbitrary and said it is hurting the sentiments of the indigenous people of Arunachal Pradesh.

“AAPSU will fight tooth and nail against the verdict and it wants all the stakeholders of the state cutting across party line to openly disapprove this unacceptable verdict of the apex court of our country. Any political party, political leader, community, organisations or individual supporting the verdict shall be deemed to be an anti- Arunachal,” the union stated.

AAPSU also came down heavily on Bordumsa-Diyun MLA cum Parliamentary Secretary Nikh Kamin who allegedly issued congratulatory statement in support of the Supreme Court order. “We question the integrity of Nikh Kamin. He is well aware of the struggle which the people of Arunachal Pradesh and AAPSU together have been waging against refugees since ages. His congratulatory message has made us to ponder seriously over his patriotism towards Arunachal. We in strongest term condemn the congratulation statement given by him and in doing so he has deeply hurt the sentiment of the indigenous people of Arunachal Pradesh,” stated AAPSU. They sought unconditional public apology from Nikh Kamin and also demanded Chief Minister to drop him from his Parliamentary Secretary post.

Further, AAPSU called on Chief Minister Nabam Tuki to oppose the verdict of the Supreme Court and file a “Review Petition" and other appropriate petitions challenging the judgment of the Supreme Court. As such it’s time for all of us not to be in slumber mode, but awake and support us by all means in our fight against this judgment. With the help of our people, we would not stop unless and until our goal is accomplished, they added.

As a sign of protest against the apex court’s verdict, AAPSU will hold a mega peace rally from Akashdeep, Ganga to Raj Bhawan on Sept 28. The union has requested all the Civil Societies, NGOs, Community Based Organizations, former AAPSU leaders, all political leaders cutting across party affiliations and the common masses to take part in the rally. (With inputs from PTI)



Proposed shutter down strike called off, extortionist arrested

ITANAGAR, Sept 20: Commending the police for arresting extortionist Berun Camdir belonging to a students’ body from here on Friday as disclosed by Home Minister Tanga Byaling, the traders have decided to call off the 72-hour shutter down proposed from Sept 22.

A delegation of Arunachal Chamber of Commerce & Industries (ACCI) led by President Techi Lala and General Secretary Tarh Nachung called on Byaling on Saturday to brief him about the Naharlagun incident where the group had blackmailed and extorted traders.

“It was unthinkable but true that the group forcefully snatched away products worth Rs. 500 at Naharlagun and demanded Rs. 2 lakh. Such phenomenon has forced many traders to quit the state and others would follow suit if urgent preventive steps are not taken,” they reasoned.

The group had also snatched away a truck load of packaged products from Daporijo market, threw it in the river and posted it in the Facebook while Lower Subansiri DC had revoked the order of SP authorising the same group to check ILP, they informed the Home Minister.

There is vast difference between ‘best before’ and ‘expiry’ dates, they said while producing a letter of Health Department’s food unit and informed that even police was not authorised to check and seize food products without involving the food unit, which is legally authorised to do so.  Pointing out the murder of prominent traders, like Logun Hardware shop owner Rajendra Chaudhury and another seriously injured by four masked armed men in March 2010 and Best Bakery owner P Chako in 2014 while the guilty went scot free, they called for urgent steps for the security and safety of the business community to create the much desired conducive atmosphere to woo outside investors.

Taking serious exception to blackmailing and extortions of traders in various parts of the state, Byaling directed DGP S Nithianandam for taking the group into task to end lawlessness. He gave the direction to send a louder message that law would take its own course of action against any illegal act.

Informing about the extortionist’s arrest, Byaling disclosed that he has also directed the DGP to ask all SPs to be on guard to prevent this group from disturbing and troubling the traders in any part of the state.

The ACCI team also met Capital Deputy Commissioner Mige Kamki and SP Devender Arya and briefed them that trade and commerce sector would take a downwards trend if traders are harassed this way. The delegates were assured adequate steps to redress the grievances of the traders.



Thansen Wangchadong: A Symbol Of Woman Empowerment

[ Denhang Bosai ]

Endowed with all the queenly attributes, Thansen Wangchadong, affectionately addressed as ‘Rani Maa’ or ‘Borduria Rani’ by the Noctes of Tirap district is synonymous with woman empowerment in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. At a time when even the men living in the inaccessible and hostile Tirap district during the pre-independence era hesitated to venture out of their villages, Thansen Wangchadong efficiently managed the administration of all the villages under the Borduria group of villages. She had to interact with the officers coming from outside which was not an easy task those days when language was a great hindrance. But the ‘Rani’ could manage it without much fuss.

The erstwhile NEFA administration was totally dependent on the chiefs of Borduria and Namsang for smooth administration because the chiefs exerted great influence over the Noctes then and they commanded great respect in their respective areas. The Noctes are broadly divided into two major groups; Borduria group and Namsang group each having a number of villages paying allegiance to both of them. In fact, even today, all the traditional systems revolve around the two chiefs.

Born in the chief’s family of Khela village in the year 1933, Thansen Wangchadong married late Towang Lowangdong (Chopha), paramount chief of Borduria. After the untimely demise of her husband Towang Lowangdong in the year 1964, Thansen Wangchadong took up the onus of running not only the village administration of Borduria but of the whole Borduria area. She willingly accepted the daunting challenges and started showing her administrative acumen. Soon she became very popular amongst the people. She was a strong lady who was generous but at the same time dignified and strict in dealing with the affairs of the villages. She was affectionate and took great care of the poor and the needy during those difficult days when modern amenities were almost non-existent. She even took up some welfare schemes like Bharat Seva Mission under the aegis of the Merbil Chaliha Bare Ghar Satra in Assam. She was also instrumental in starting new schools in her area.  Thansen Wangchadong took the reins during the turbulent period when there used to be frequent feuds between the villages over land, river and forest. But her inherent acumen and resolve enabled her to weather the storms and the darkest tempest with élan.

Thansen Wangchadong successfully carried forward the welfare schemes initiated by her husband late Towang Lowangdong for the overall development of Borduria area in particular and of the Noctes in general. She was closely involved in the functioning of the famous Namsang-Borduria Fund Trust (NBF) founded by the former chiefs of Borduria and Namsang. During the time when Thansen Wangchadong was holding the helms of affairs of the people, the district administration was vaguely run with very few staff and no Police. So, she had to play a pivotal role to help the administration in dealing with various issues confronting the society. In the process she became an undisputed symbol of woman empowerment and woman’s emancipation during 60s and 70s, the formative years of transition from the old and archaic systems to an age of modern era.

She was a strong propagator of the rich Nocte cultural heritage and actively participated in all the age-old traditional rituals, festivals and other social events pertaining to the Noctes. She was also keen to show-case the rich and varied Nocte traditional systems outside her society. This strong urge in her enabled her to produce the popular Assamese feature film ‘Rashmi Rekha’ in which the most popular Assamese actor of those days Biju Phukan played the lead role and the legendary singers Dr. Bhupen Hazarika and Khogen Mahanta rendered the ever melodious Assamese songs. This film used to be screened all over the state by the field publicity department. She was probably the first film producer in the state. The film produced in 1973 was based on a love story between a Nocte boy and an Assamese girl. Thansen Wangchadong passed away after a prolonged illness on the 4th February 2005 at her village Borduria but not before she had created a niche for herself. As the first woman village administrator and the ‘Rani’ of Borduria, her name will be inscribed in golden letters.

It is needless to say that the Thansen Wangchadong Memorial Football Tournament is but a fitting tribute to the great Rani. The tournament with the highest cash prizes at Khonsa is being sponsored by Wanglin Lowangdong, Minister for WCD, Social Justice and his family in loving memory of Thansen Wangchadong. The much-hyped running football tournament is being conducted with the aim of popularising football among the youth of the district and to wean away the restive youth from going astray.

When contacted, the main sponsor and the chief patron of the tournament Wanglin Lowangdong said, “There are many ways of contributing towards the development of our society. I sincerely feel that organising sporting events like the Thansen Wangchadong Memorial Football Tournament at Khonsa will enthuse the young people to love games and sports and hone their skills. It will also inculcate the spirit of sportsmanship in our youth. Our state government has a clear policy of reserving seats in different categories of jobs for the accomplished sportspersons of the state. So, I wish that our youths avail this opportunity by shining in the sports and games events too. I am sure that this tournament will go a long way to identifying local talents who will represent our district in the bigger tournaments outside. I am also profoundly indebted to the district administration, Police, Assam Rifles, members of the Advisory Board, Committee Members,  the organising team and all who are directly or indirectly involved with the tournament for their sincere efforts in conducting the tournament in a befitting manner.”

Truly, the old Hindi adage ‘Padoge likhoge banoge nawaab, kheloge kudoge banoge kharaab’ has become a thing of the distant past. Today many youths are taking up games and sports as a career. In fact, many of the sportspersons in the country and the world are the wealthiest and the most popular today. They are not only the sporting icons for the youths but render a yeoman’s service through various charity works. The Northeast has a great potential in sports and the state of Manipur is known for producing national and international sportspersons. The youths in Arunachal Pradesh are also beginning to show results through sheer hardwork and practice, especially in weight lifting, badminton, football and martial arts.

Altogether 29 teams from across Tirap district are participating in the mega football tournament. So, let the game begin! (The writer is DIPRO, Tirap and can be reached at denhangbosai @yahoo.co.in)



Alzheimer’s Disease

[ Dr. Amber Anand PT ]

Alzheimer’s disease (AD), is also known as Alzheimer disease, or just Alzheimer’s. It is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. The most common early symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events (short-term memory loss). As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems with language, disorientation (including easily getting lost), mood swings, loss of motivation, not managing self care, and behavioural issues. As a person’s condition declines, they often withdraw from family and society. Gradually, bodily functions are lost, ultimately leading to death. Although the speed of progression can vary, the average life expectancy following diagnosis is three to nine years.

World Alzheimer’s Day, is observed on September 21 each year, and is a day on which Alzheimer’s organisations around the world concentrate their efforts on raising awareness about Alzheimer’s and Dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of Dementia, a group of disorders that impairs mental functioning. Every 68 seconds, someone develops Alzheimer’s disease.

In India, more than 4 million people have some form of Dementia. Worldwide, at least 44 million people are living with Dementia, making the disease a global health crisis that must be addressed.

The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is poorly understood. About 70% of the risk is believed to be genetic with many genes usually involved. Other risk factors include a history of head injuries, depression or hypertension. The disease process is associated with plaques and tangles in the brain. A probable diagnosis is based on the history of the illness and cognitive testing with medical imaging and blood tests to rule out other possible causes. Initial symptoms are often mistaken for normal ageing. Examination of brain tissue is needed for a definite diagnosis. Mental and physical exercise and avoiding obesity may decrease the risk of AD. There are no medications or supplements that decrease the risk.

No treatment stops or reverses its progression, though some may temporarily improve symptoms. Affected people increasingly rely on others for assistance, often placing a burden on the caregiver, the pressures can include social, psychological, physical, and economic elements. Exercise programmes are beneficial with respect to activities of daily living and can potentially improve outcomes. Treatment of behavioural problems or psychosis due to Dementia with antipsychotics is common but not usually recommended.

Stages of Alzheimer’s disease:


The first symptoms are often mistakenly attributed to ageing or stress. Detailed neuropsychological testing can reveal mild cognitive difficulties up to eight years before a person fulfills the clinical criteria for diagnosis of AD. These early symptoms can affect the most complex daily living activities. The most noticeable deficit is short term memory loss, which shows up as difficulty in remembering recently learned facts and inability to acquire new information.

Subtle problems with the executive functions of attentiveness, planning, flexibility, and abstract thinking, or impairments in semantic memory (memory of meanings, and concept relationships) can also be symptomatic of the early stages of AD. Depressive symptoms, irritability and reduced awareness of subtle memory difficulties are also common. The preclinical stage of the disease has also been termed mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This is often found to be a transitional stage between normal ageing and dementia.


In people with AD, the increasing impairment of learning and memory eventually leads to a definitive diagnosis. In a small percentage, difficulties with language, executive functions, perception (agnosia), or execution of movements (apraxia) are more prominent than memory problems. AD does not affect all memory capacities equally. Older memories of the person’s life (episodic memory), facts learned (semantic memory), and implicit memory (the memory of the body on how to do things, such as using a fork to eat) are affected to a lesser degree than new facts or memories.

Language problems are mainly characterised by a shrinking vocabulary and decreased word fluency, leading to a general impoverishment of oral and written language. While performing fine motor tasks such as writing, drawing or dressing, certain movement coordination and planning difficulties (apraxia) may be present, but they are commonly unnoticed.


Progressive deterioration eventually hinders independence, with subjects being unable to perform most common activities of daily living. Speech difficulties become evident due to an inability to recall vocabulary, which leads to frequent incorrect word substitutions (paraphasias). Reading and writing skills are also progressively lost. Complex motor sequences become less coordinated as time passes and AD progresses, so the risk of falling increases. During this phase, memory problems worsen, and the person may fail to recognise close relatives. Long-term memory, which was previously intact, becomes impaired.

Behavioural and neuropsychiatric changes become more prevalent. Common manifestations are wandering, irritability and labile affect, leading to crying, outbursts of unpremeditated aggression, or resistance to care giving. People with AD develop illusionary misidentifications and other delusional symptoms. Urinary incontinence can develop. These symptoms create stress for relatives and care takers, which can be reduced by moving the person from home care to other long-term care facilities.


During the final stages, the patient is completely dependent upon caregivers. Language is reduced to simple phrases or even single words, eventually leading to complete loss of speech. Despite the loss of verbal language abilities, people can often understand and return emotional signals. Although aggressiveness can still be present, extreme apathy and exhaustion are much more common symptoms. People with Alzheimer’s disease will ultimately not be able to perform even the simplest tasks independently; muscle mass and mobility deteriorate to the point where they are bedridden and unable to feed themselves. The cause of death is usually an external factor, such as infection of pressure ulcers or pneumonia, not the disease itself.


Alzheimer’s disease is usually diagnosed based on the person’s medical history, history from relatives, and behavioural observations. The presence of characteristic neurological and neuropsychological features and the absence of alternative conditions are supportive. Advanced medical imaging with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or positron emission tomography (PET) can be used to help exclude other cerebral pathology or subtypes of dementia. Moreover, it may predict conversion from prodromal stages (mild cognitive impairment) to Alzheimer’s disease.

Assessment of intellectual functioning including memory testing can further characterise the state of the disease. Medical organizations have created diagnostic criteria to ease and standardize the diagnostic process for practicing physicians. The diagnosis can be confirmed with very high accuracy post-mortem when brain material is available and can be examined histologically.


The National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke (NINCDS) and the Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association (ADRDA, now known as the Alzheimer’s Association) established the most commonly used NINCDS-ADRDA Alzheimer’s Criteria for diagnosis in 1984, extensively updated in 2007. These criteria require that the presence of cognitive impairment, and a suspected dementia syndrome, be confirmed by neuropsychological testing for a clinical diagnosis of possible or probable AD. A histopathologic confirmation including a microscopic examination of brain tissue is required for a definitive diagnosis. Good statistical reliability and validity have been shown between the diagnostic criteria and definitive histopathological confirmation. Eight cognitive domains are most commonly impaired in AD—memory, language, perceptual skills, attention, constructive abilities, orientation, problem solving and functional abilities

Alzheimer’s Treatment and Support

While there are currently no treatments available to slow or stop the brain damage caused by Alzheimer’s disease, several medications can temporarily help improve the symptoms of dementia for some people. These medications work by increasing neurotransmitters in the brain.

Researchers continue to search for ways to better treat Alzheimer’s and other progressive dementias. Currently, dozens of therapies and pharmacologic treatments that focus on stopping the brain cell death associated with Alzheimer’s are underway.



Associations call upon MoS Rijiju

ITANAGAR, Sept 20: A joint delegation of All Arunachal Contractor Welfare Association (AACWA) and All Arunachal Pradesh BSNL Civil Contractors Welfare Association (AAPBSNL CCWA) recently called on Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju and submitted a memorandum for creation and shifting of office of the Superintending Engineering, BSNL for Arunachal Pradesh, to make eligible only registered contractors of BSNL in BSNL tender works, allocation of sufficient funds to GM, BSNL, Itanagar and improvement of telecommunication services in Arunachal Pradesh.

The delegation also urged the Minister for early construction of the four-lane road from Itanagar to Banderdewa and releasing central development funds.

Rijiju, after hearing the grievances of the delegation, suggested them to meet the chairman and Managing Director BSNL and short out the issues.

With regards to four-lane road, he informed that the project will be sanctioned after preparation of the revised detailed project report (DPR).

He advised people of the state to come forward and cooperate with the government by not seeking high compensation as it may hamper the development initiatives.

Next day, the delegation met the Chairman and Managing Director of BSNL Anupam Shrivastava, Directors (Enterprises) NK Mehta and Executive Directors (NBCA) Md. Ashraf Khan at their office complex and apprised them of the various problems faced by contractors of Arunachal Pradesh.

During discussion, the delegation apprised them about the telecommunication bottleneck and internet problem in the state. The team informed that telecommunication is most poor in Arunachal Pradesh with only 20 percent connectivity.

The Chairman and Managing directors and his teams assured that all problems will be shorted out and they will convey BSNL Chief General Manager (CGM), North East Zone-II Dimapur, Nagaland to make feasibility reports and submit it to them.

Regarding shifting and creation of Superintending Engineer post, it was informed that the NDA Govt. recently announced Rs.5000 Crore for North East region for infrastructure development and improvement of telecommunication faculties which is under process.



4th Abo-Tani Cup state level

football tournament kicks off

NAHARLAGUN, Sept 20: The 4th Abo-Tani Cup state level football tournament was kicked off by Minister Home & Power, Tanga Byaling amidst a mammoth gathering of football lovers at Rajiv Gandhi Stadium, Naharlagun today.

Speaking on the occasion, Byaling said that coming up of many clubs of different sports disciplines in the last few years is a good sign for development of games and sports in the state.

Our government under the leadership of Chief Minister Nabam Tuki has given priority to sports and many meritorious sportspersons have so far been employed in various government departments under the sports quota.

He appreciated the organising committee for keeping the name of our forefather ‘Abo Tani” alive by naming the football tournament after him.

Yora Togung, Vice Chairman, Arunachal Pradesh Bamboo Application Resource Development Agency (APBARDA) advised the players to maintain sportsman spirit and strict discipline throughout the tournament. He asked the players to learn to accept defeat graciously since winning and losing are part and parcel of any game.

The winner and runners up teams will be awarded cash prize of Rs. 2 lakhs and Rs. 1 lakh respectively along with trophies, informed Bamang Taji, Chairman of BTFC.

Eight teams, namely Todo United, Capital Complex Sporting Club, Tarh Ku Sports Club, Todo United Football Club-B, Arunachal Pradesh Police, Arunachal Sporting Club, Nirjuli Youth Welfare Association FC, Bamang Taji Football Club are participating in the tournament.

The opening match was played between Bamang Taji Football Club and Arunachal Pradesh Police and the APP team won the match by a margin of 4-0 goals.

The tournament is organised by Bamang Taji Football Club (BTFC).



TW Memorial football tournament begins at Khonsa

ITANAGAR, Sept 20: The first Thansen Wangchadong Memorial Football Tournament began at Nehru Stadium, Khonsa amidst a huge gathering yesterday.

Inaugurating the tournament, MP Ninong Ering said that he was aware of the lack of sports infrastructure in Tirap district and announced Rs.15 lakh for upgradation and improvement of sports infrastructures. Ering also announced Rs.10 lakh for construction of heritage building at Baribasiap CO headquarters. He urged the youths to channelise their energy towards constructive purposes. Later, he declared the football tournament open.

MLA Gabriel D. Wangsu recalled the contributions of Thansen Wangchadong in whose memory the football tournament is being organised. He said sports and games provide ample opportunities to the youths for exposing their talents.

Earlier, President of organising committee and local MLA Wanglam Sawin in his welcome address highlighted the importance of sports in one’s life.

Tirap Deputy Commissioner Ravi Jha who is the Chairman of the committee lauded Minister Wanglin Lowangdong for sponsoring the tournament adding that this tournament would help in weaning away the youths from going astray.

The host and sponsor of TWMFT, Wanglin Lowangdong, Minister WCD hoped that the tournament would go a long way to enthuse the youths to take up sports seriously. He said that the state govt. keeps 10% seats reserved for accomplished sportspersons in all categories of jobs. He lamented that Tirap district lagged behind in sports and the youths had not been able to avail any benefit out of the sports quota. Lowangdong appealed to the players to maintain true spirit of sportsmanship.

The first match of the tournament was played between Deomali FC and Dadam FC in which Deomali FC won the match by 6-5 goals via penalty shootout.

Earlier, the oath to the players and official was administered by senior public leader Tonhang Tongluk.

The inaugural match was witnessed by Superintendent of Police Jasmeet Singh, IPS, CO 1st Assam Rifles Col.Prashant Nair, HoDs and huge football aficionados.

The inaugural function was marked by attractive cultural programmes.

Meanwhile, GHSS Khonsa beat Kothin 2-0 in the first match today. Ngamlang Pumoh and Patwang Sumpa scored one goal each for the winning team.

The second match was played between NERCORMP FC and Old Bunting FC in which the former trounced the latter by 6-0 goals, informed organising Secretary Noah Mongku.

Today’s matches;

Hakhunthung FC vs Upper Chinkoi

Time: 1 pm

Bazaar FC vs Lower Chinkoi

Time: 3 pm


Copyright © 2008, The Arunachal Times Publications Pvt. Ltd., Siang House, Sector - E, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh - 791111, India

All rights reserved.


---- Editorial ----


Regressive step

The recent decision of the government of India to ban National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) for a period of five years will damage the Naga peace process. The signing of peace accord between NSCN (IM) and central government last month had given hope that finally long pending vexed Naga problem will come to a conclusion. The optimism generated from it is now slowly starting to vanish. Central government’s decision to sideline NSCN (K) from ongoing peace process is a big mistake. First of all, they abruptly ended the talk with NSCN (K) which angered them.

The Naga outfit hit back and carried out multiple attacks against the Indian army in Arunachal, Manipur and Nagaland inflicting major casualties. Further vitiating the atmosphere centre has decided to ban NSCN (K) for 5 years. This would create more mistrust between the Centre and the outfit and vitiate the peaceful atmosphere in the North East region. The central government’s move has been criticized by both Nagaland Legislators Forum (NLF) and Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee (NPCC). The two organizations have rightly pointed out that ban will not help the peace process. Infact it will further worsen the situation. With so much difficulty govt of India managed to convince NSCN (IM) to sign peace accord. All the hard work will go waste if NSCN (K) continues to indulge in violent activities. Govt. of India should rethink their policy and try to engage NSCN (K) in dialogue process.




---- Readers Forum ----


An open letter to Governor

Dear Editor,

I would like to convey my gratitude to our respected Governor JP Rajkhowa for showing us a ray of hope for a better road in our Land of Rising Sun, Arunachal.

We are living in twin capital cities where road condition is so horrible that it has become headache for the citizens. Even five minutes of journey seems to be a nightmare because of uncountable potholes. One can imagine the sufferings of old people in trekkers and tempos. Besides, the horrible road makes our beautiful state so ugly.

I don’t have words for Arunachal politicians as each individual in my state knows how the situation is. But I am sad and disappointed with the engineers who are educated unlike Arunachal politicians.

I am very happy that you are new in our state and within no time, you have taken a step forward by raising your voice against the road conditions.

You have started a journey; please do not hesitate to complete it. I have faith in you that you will discharge your power and duty for a new era in my state. Politicians and engineers have sold their souls and morals but you are the only hope. Your effort will give us a relief and at the same time, it will lessen the curse on the CM and engineers by travellers in the state.


Anjali Siga

Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono hill



Doctorate degree holders apply for peon’s job

Dear Editor,

It is shocking to read in dailies that 255 PhD degree holders were among the 23 Lakh applicants  for the 368 vacancies for the post of peon in UP Government Secretariat, where minimum qualification for the post of Peon is only class five pass and the candidate should know to ride a bicycle. The galloping rate at which graduates are mass produced from universities is one of the reasons for young workforce in today’s organisations. However, employability of education is a serious problem in India as our education system is one-dimensional and lays emphasis only on scoring marks and not acquiring skills required for job. But the skill profile of modern employee has undergone a sea change as organisations prefer people with multiple skills like being a good team player, ability to take initiative, leadership quality, flexibility, adaptability and also creative thinking skills.

It is important that education policy makers review the situation and reorient the education system to bridge the gap between demand and supply of employable graduates.


TS Karthik





Need dustbins

Dear Editor,

The dwellers of B-sector, Naharlagun has been witnessing two huge piles of garbage lying on the middle of the road (also known as Masjid road) in B-sector, opposite Jama Masjid. And when it rains, this road turns into mini fishpond due to blockage of drainage by the accumulated garbage. Wastes are thrown everywhere since there are no dustbins.

Through your esteemed daily, I would like to appeal to the Municipal Councillor of this ward to construct a dustbin at a proper site to keep the ward clean and hygienic.


T. Pussang






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